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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H8064 - šāmayim

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to be lofty
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2407a

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁמַיִם shâmayim, shaw-mah'-yim; dual of an unused singular שָׁמֶה shâmeh; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve):—air, × astrologer, heaven(-s).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 420x

The KJV translates Strong's H8064 in the following manner: heaven (398x), air (21x), astrologers (with H1895) (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 420x
The KJV translates Strong's H8064 in the following manner: heaven (398x), air (21x), astrologers (with H1895) (1x).
  1. heaven, heavens, sky

    1. visible heavens, sky

      1. as abode of the stars

      2. as the visible universe, the sky, atmosphere, etc

    2. Heaven (as the abode of God)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁמַיִם shâmayim, shaw-mah'-yim; dual of an unused singular שָׁמֶה shâmeh; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve):—air, × astrologer, heaven(-s).
STRONGS H8064: Abbreviations
[שָׁמַי] noun masculineDeuteronomy 33:28 only plural שָׁמַ֫יִם 421 (Sta§324 a) heavens, sky (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian šamû plural šamê, šamûtu, also šamâmu, compare Phoenician שמם; Sabean סמה HomChr 46, 124; Arabic سَمَآءً Ethiopic ለማይ፡ Aramaic שְׁמַיָּא axYmw; Palmyrene, Nabataean שמ(י)ן in proper name (compounded with בעל) Lzb153 GACooke45; on plural form see BaZMG xiii (1888), 341 f.); — absolute שׁ׳ Genesis 1:1 +, מָ֑יִם - Genesis 2:4 +; הַשָּׁמַ֫יְמָה Exodus 9:8 +; construct שְׁמֵי Deuteronomy 10:14 + 9 times; suffix שָׁמֶיךָ Psalm 8:4 + 2 times, שָׁמָיו Deuteronomy 33:28, שְׁמֵיכֶם Leviticus 26:19, with verb plural, Hosea 2:23; —
a. visible heavens, sky, where stars, etc., are Judges 5:20; Genesis 15:5 (J), Deuteronomy 4:19; Genesis 1:14, 15, 17 (P), hence כּוֺכְבֵי הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 22:17 (JE) = + 9 times (usually as countless), (כָּלֿ) צְבָא הַשּׁ׳ Deuteronomy 4:19; Jeremiah 8:2 + (צ׳1c; rarely of angels, צ׳1b; before which fowl fly Genesis 1:20 (P), compare Deuteronomy 4:17; Jeremiah 8:7; Proverbs 30:19, עוֺף הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 2:19 (J), Genesis 1:19 (P) + (עוֺף 1), שׁ׳ צִפֹּרPsalm 8:9, נִשְׁרֵי שׁ׳Lamentations 4:19; as רָקִיע (which see) Genesis 1:8 (P), Psalm 19:2, with waters beneath and above Genesis 1:9 (P, compare Genesis 1:7), Psalm 148:4, darkened with clouds 1 Kings 18:45, cleared by wind Job 26:13; whence comes rain Genesis 8:2 (J), Judges 5:4; Deuteronomy 11:11 +, and dew Genesis 27:28 (J), Genesis 27:39 (E), Deuteronomy 33:28 (poem) +. compare בִּרְכֹת שׁ׳Genesis 49:25 (poem in J), מֶגֶר שׁ׳Deuteronomy 33:13 (poem), but also (destructive) fire 2 Kings 1:10 (twice in verse); Job 1:16 + (see also 2a below); הֹבְרֵישׁ׳ Isaiah 47:13, i.e. astrologers, compare אוֺתוֺתהַשּׁ׳ Jeremiah 10:2; as high Genesis 11:4 (J), Amos 9:2 (opposed to שְׁאוֺל), Genesis 11:6 (opposed to אֶרֶץ) +, עַדלֵֿב הַשּׁ׳ Deuteronomy 4:11;as over all the earth, תַּחַת (כָּלֿ)הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 6:17; Genesis 7:19 (both P), Deuteronomy 2:25; Ecclesiastes 1:13 מִתַּחַת וגו׳ (of extermination) Exodus 17:14 (E), Deuteronomy 7:24; Deuteronomy 9:14 +; specifically of Israel, שָׁמֶיךָ Deuteronomy 28:23, שְׁמֵיכֶם Leviticus 26:19 (H); וּבֵין הָאָרֶץ בֵּין הַשּׁ׳ 2 Samuel 18:9 (hung from tree), 1 Chronicles 21:16 (of angel), compare Ezekiel 8:3 (Ezekiel in vision), Zechariah 5:9 (flying ephah); וְעַדקְֿצֵה מִקְּצֵה הַשּׁ׳ הַשּׁ׳ of limits of horizon Deuteronomy 4:32, compare Deuteronomy 30:4; Nehemiah 1:9; Psalm 19:7 as made by God Jeremiah 51:15 (opposed to תֵּבֵל), Psalm 8:4Deuteronomy 11:21; Job 14:12; Psalm 89:30; especiallyוְ(הָ)אָרֶץ (הַ)שּׁ׳ = universe (compare in Sabean, SabDenkmNo.41.42, l.3) Deuteronomy 3:24 Genesis 1:1 (P) + (especially Deuteronomy, Isa2, Psalms), + הַיָם Exodus 20:11; Haggai 2:6, etc., + מַיִם מִתַּחַת לָאָרֶץ Exodus 20:4= Deuteronomy 5:8,.compare Proverbs 30:4, etc.; opposed to תְּהוֺם Proverbs 8:27 (+ אֶרֶץ Proverbs 8:29) חֲרָשִׁים וְהָאָרֶץ חֲרָשָׁה שׁ׳ as part of future glory Isaiah 65:17; Isaiah 66:22.
b. phrases are: אֲרֻבּוֺת הַשּׁ׳ (letting rain through) †Genesis 7:11; Genesis 8:2 (P), Malachi 3:10 (figurative), compare בַּשּׁ׳ א׳ הֲיַעֲשֶׂה י׳ 2 Kings 7:2, 19, so דַּלְתֵי שׁ׳Psalm 78:23 (for manna), compare דְָּגַן שׁ׳, Psalm 78:24, לֶחֶם שׁ׳Psalm 105:40; מוֺסְדוֺת הַשּׁ׳ 2 Samuel 22:8 (|| הָאָרֶץ; in || Psalm 18:8 חָרִים מ׳), עַמּוּרֵי שׁ׳ Job 26:11, חוּג שׁ׳ Job 22:14; towards the sky is הַשָּׁמַ֫יְמָה Joshua 8:20(J), Exodus 9:8, 10 (P), Job 2:12; Judges 13:20; Judges 20:40; 2 Chronicles 6:13; עַלהַֿשָּׁמַיִם Exodus 9:22, 23; Exodus 10:21, 22(all E), אֶלשֿׁ׳ Deuteronomy 32:40 (poem), Daniel 12:7, שׁ׳ alone 1 Kings 8:22, 54; Job 35:5; Proverbs 23:5.
a. as abode of God (י׳) 1 Kings 8:30, 32Psalm 2:3; Isaiah 66:1, etc., compare רֹכֵבשׁ׳ Deuteronomy 33:26(poem), Psalm 68:34, whence he rains brimstone Genesis 19:24 (J), bread Exodus 16:4 (E), compare Nehemiah 9:15, casts hailstones Joshua 11:11 (E), talks with Israel Exodus 20:22 (E; Gi Exodus 20:19) +, compare Genesis 21:17; Genesis 22:11, 15 (E), looks down Deuteronomy 26:15 +, hears his people Psalm 20:7+ 10 times Chronicles, etc.; he thunders בַּשּׁ׳ 1 Samuel 2:10; Psalm 18:14,|| מִןשֿׁ׳ 2 Samuel 22:14; he bends (נטה) שׁ׳ to come down 2 Samuel 22:10= Psalm 18:10, compare Psalm 144:5 and (rend) Isaiah 63:19; נִמְּתְּחוּ הַשּׁ׳ Ezekiel 1:1 in vision of God, compare שַׁעַר הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 28:17 (E; + בֵּית אֱלֹהִים); though even שְׁמֵי הַשּׁ׳ the highest heuvens cannot hold him Deuteronomy 10:14; 1 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 6:18, 2 Chronicles 2:5; Nehemiah 9:6; Psalm 148:4, שְׁמֵי שְׁמֵיקֶֿדֶם Psalm 68:34; he is called אֱלֹהֵי הַשּׁ׳ (post-exilic title) Ezra 1:2 2 Chronicles 36:23; + 11 times Ezra Nehemiah; Jonah 1:9 (compare Aramaic, Daniel 2:18, 19, 37, 44; in Genesis 24:7 add with Greek Version of the LXX וֵאלֹהֵי הָאָרֶץ, as Genesis 24:3), אֵלהַֿשׁ׳ Psalm 136:26; his sword is בַּשׁ׳ Isaiah 34:5, but also his חֶסֶד Psalm 36:6, צֶדֶק Psalm 85:12, אֱמוּנָח Psalm 89:3, his word fixed Psalm 119:89. — שׁ׳ are † שָׁמָיו (of Israel) Deuteronomy 33:28 (poem), † שְׁמֵיכֶם Leviticus 26:19; † שָׁמֶיךָ Psalm 8:4; Psalm 144:5, שְׁמֵי י׳ Lamentations 3:66, † קָדְשׁוֺ שׁ׳ Psalm 20:7.
†b. Elijah taken up הַשּׁ׳ in whirlwind 2 Kings 2:1, compare 2 Kings 2:11.
3. הַשּׁ׳ personified in various relations Isaiah 1:2; Jeremiah 2:12; Job 15:15; Psalm 19:2; Psalm 50:6 = Psalm 97:6; Psalm 89:6; Psalm 148:4.
†4. מְלֶכֶת הַשּׁ׳ see מ׳.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8065.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


1:1; 1:1; 1:7; 1:8; 1:9; 1:14; 1:15; 1:17; 1:19; 1:20; 2:4; 2:19; 6:17; 7:11; 7:19; 8:2; 8:2; 11:4; 11:6; 15:5; 19:24; 21:17; 22:11; 22:15; 22:17; 24:3; 24:7; 27:28; 27:39; 28:17; 49:25


9:8; 9:8; 9:10; 9:22; 9:23; 10:21; 10:22; 16:4; 17:14; 20:4; 20:11; 20:19; 20:22


26:19; 26:19; 26:19


2:25; 3:24; 4:11; 4:17; 4:19; 4:19; 4:32; 5:8; 7:24; 9:14; 10:14; 10:14; 11:11; 11:21; 26:15; 28:23; 30:4; 32:40; 33:13; 33:26; 33:28; 33:28; 33:28; 33:28


8:20; 11:11


5:4; 5:20; 13:20; 20:40

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

18:9; 22:8; 22:10; 22:14

1 Kings

8:22; 8:27; 8:30; 8:32; 8:54; 18:45

2 Kings

1:10; 2:1; 2:11; 7:2; 7:19

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

2:5; 6:13; 6:18; 36:23




1:9; 9:6; 9:15


1:16; 2:12; 14:12; 15:15; 22:14; 26:11; 26:13; 35:5


2:3; 8:4; 8:4; 8:4; 8:9; 18:8; 18:10; 18:14; 19:2; 19:2; 19:7; 20:7; 20:7; 36:6; 50:6; 68:34; 68:34; 78:23; 78:24; 85:12; 89:3; 89:6; 89:30; 97:6; 105:40; 119:89; 136:26; 144:5; 144:5; 148:4; 148:4; 148:4


8:27; 8:29; 23:5; 30:4; 30:19




1:2; 34:5; 47:13; 63:19; 65:17; 66:1; 66:22


2:12; 8:2; 8:7; 10:2; 51:15


3:66; 4:19


1:1; 8:3


2:18; 2:19; 2:37; 2:44; 12:7













Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8064 matches the Hebrew שָׁמַיִם (šāmayim),
which occurs 421 times in 395 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 8 (Gen 1:1–Exo 20:22)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:1 - In the beginning God created the heaven H8064 and the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:8 - And God called the firmament Heaven. H8064 And the evening and the morning were the second day.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:9 - And God said, Let the waters under the heaven H8064 be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:14 - And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven H8064 to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:15 - And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven H8064 to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:17 - And God set them in the firmament of the heaven H8064 to give light upon the earth,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:20 - And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven. H8064
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:26 - And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, H8064 and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:28 - And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, H8064 and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:30 - And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, H8064 and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:1 - Thus the heavens H8064 and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:4 - These are the generations of the heavens H8064 and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens, H8064
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:19 - And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; H8064 and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:20 - And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, H8064 and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:7 - And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; H8064 for it repenteth me that I have made them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:17 - And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; H8064 and every thing that is in the earth shall die.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:3 - Of fowls also of the air H8064 by sevens, the male and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:11 - In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven H8064 were opened.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:19 - And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, H8064 were covered.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:23 - And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; H8064 and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 8:2 - The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven H8064 were stopped, and the rain from heaven H8064 was restrained;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:2 - And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, H8064 upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 11:4 - And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; H8064 and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:19 - And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven H8064 and earth:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:22 - And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven H8064 and earth,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:5 - And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, H8064 and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:24 - Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; H8064
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:17 - And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, H8064 and said unto her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:11 - And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, H8064 and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:15 - And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven H8064 the second time,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:17 - That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, H8064 and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:3 - And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, H8064 and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:7 - The LORD God of heaven, H8064 which took me from my father's house, and from the land of my kindred, and which spake unto me, and that sware unto me, saying, Unto thy seed will I give this land; he shall send his angel before thee, and thou shalt take a wife unto my son from thence.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:4 - And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, H8064 and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:28 - Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, H8064 and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:39 - And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven H8064 from above;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:12 - And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: H8064 and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:17 - And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place! this is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven. H8064
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:25 - Even by the God of thy father, who shall help thee; and by the Almighty, who shall bless thee with blessings of heaven H8064 above, blessings of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:8 - And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven H8064 in the sight of Pharaoh.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:10 - And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; H8064 and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:22 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch forth thine hand toward heaven, H8064 that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:23 - And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: H8064 and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:21 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, H8064 that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:22 - And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; H8064 and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:4 - Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven H8064 for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:14 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. H8064
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:4 - Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven H8064 above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:11 - For in six days the LORD made heaven H8064 and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:22 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. H8064

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