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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H8074 - šāmēm

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2409

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁמֵם shâmêm, shaw-mame'; a primitive root; to stun (or intransitively, grow numb), i.e. devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense):—make amazed, be astonied, (be an) astonish(-ment), (be, bring into, unto, lay, lie, make) desolate(-ion, places), be destitute, destroy (self), (lay, lie, make) waste, wonder.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 92x

The KJV translates Strong's H8074 in the following manner: desolate (49x), astonished (20x), desolation (7x), waste (5x), destroy (3x), wondered (2x), amazed (1x), astonishment (1x), miscellaneous (4x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 92x
The KJV translates Strong's H8074 in the following manner: desolate (49x), astonished (20x), desolation (7x), waste (5x), destroy (3x), wondered (2x), amazed (1x), astonishment (1x), miscellaneous (4x).
  1. to be desolate, be appalled, stun, stupefy

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be desolated, be deflowered, be deserted, be appalled

      2. to be appalled, be awestruck

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be desolated, be made desolate

      2. to be appalled

    3. (Polel)

      1. to be stunned

      2. appalling, causing horror (participle)

        1. horror-causer, appaller (subst)

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to devastate, ravage, make desolated

      2. to appal, show horror

    5. (Hophal) to lay desolate, be desolated

    6. (Hithpolel)

      1. to cause to be desolate

      2. to be appalled, be astounded

      3. to cause oneself desolation, cause oneself ruin

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁמֵם shâmêm, shaw-mame'; a primitive root; to stun (or intransitively, grow numb), i.e. devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense):—make amazed, be astonied, (be an) astonish(-ment), (be, bring into, unto, lay, lie, make) desolate(-ion, places), be destitute, destroy (self), (lay, lie, make) waste, wonder.
STRONGS H8074: Abbreviations
† [שָׁמֵם] verb be desoleted, appalled (connection of meanings not clear) (Late Hebrew id.; Jewish-Aramaic שְׁמַם Ithp. be dazed); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular שָׁמֵ֑מָה Ezekiel 35:15, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשֹּׁם; 1 Kings 9:8 +, 3rd person masculine plural יָשֹּׁ֫מּוּ Job 17:8; Psalm 40:16, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שֹׁ֫מוּ Jeremiah 2:19; Infinitive construct (?) metaplastic שַׁמוֺת Ezekiel 36:3 (Ges§ 67r, but see infra); — תֵּשַׁם, etc. (see [יָשַׁם]) are placed here by most; Ezekiel 6:6 reads תִּישָׁ֑מְנָה, see Ges § 67 p dd; — Participle שׁוֺמֵם Lamentations 3:11 (see also Pō`); feminine שֹׁמֵמָ֔ה (Ges§ 84a s) 2 Samuel 13:20 +; plural שׁוֺמֵמִין Lamentations 1:14, etc.; —
1. be desolated, of Tamar 2 Samuel 13:20 (i.e. deflowered, or deserted; others appalled), of person elsewhere late Lamentations 1:16; נְתָנַנִי שֹׁמֵמָה Lamentations 1:13, שָׂמַ֫נִי שׁ׳ Lamentations 3:11; participle as feminine noun בְּנֵי שׁוֺמֵמָה Isaiah 54:1 (opposed to בְּעוּלָה) [Daniel 8:13Pō`.]; usually of land, etc. (sometimes=deserted), Isaiah 49:8; Ezekiel 33:28 (מֵאֵין עוֺבֵר), Ezekiel 35:12 (read שָֽׁמְמוּ Qr Co Toy Krae; >Kt שׁממה), Ezekiel 35:15; הֶחְָרָבוֺת הַשֹּׁמִמוֺת Ezekiel 36:4 (|| הֶעָרִים הַנֱּעֶזָבוֺת שַׁמּוֺת) Ezekiel 36:3 is probably corrupt, Co שְׁאָט as Ezekiel 36:5, Hi-Sm from שׁמה = נשׁם, Toy reads נָשֹׁם, Krae נָשֹׁם; — participle feminine plural as noun = desolate places Isaiah 49:19; Isaiah 61:4 (both || חֳרָבוֺת), Isaiah 61:4 (compare שְׁמָמָה Isaiah 62:4); = desolations Daniel 9:18, 26.
2. be appalled, awestruck, usually at (עַל) judgments on others, Leviticus 26:32 (H), Jeremiah 2:12 (see II. [חָרֵב]), Ezekiel 26:16; Ezekiel 27:35; Ezekiel 28:19; Isaiah 52:14; Job 17:8, compare 1 Kings 9:8 2 Chronicles 7:12; Jeremiah 18:16; Jeremiah 19:8; Jeremiah 49:17; Jeremiah 50:13; on oneself Psalm 40:16 (עַלעֵֿקֶב). — Isaiah 42:14 see [נשׁם].
Niph. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular נָשַׁ֫מָּה Jeremiah 12:11 +, 3rd person plural נָשַׁ֫נּוּ Zephaniah 3:6 +; Participle feminine נְשַׁמָּה Ezekiel 36:34 +, etc.; — = Qal:
1. be desolated, of roads Leviticus 26:22 (H), Isaiah 33:8, bamoth Amos 7:9 (|| יֶחֱרָ֑בוּ), altars Ezekiel 6:4; compare Ezekiel 25:3; Ezekiel 32:15; Zephaniah 3:6; Zechariah 7:14; Joel 1:17; Psalm 69:26; of lands Ezekiel 29:12; Ezekiel 30:7; Ezekiel 36:34, 35, cities Isaiah 54:3 (opposed to יוֺשִׁיבוּ), compare Ezekiel 36:35; Amos 9:14; Jeremiah 33:10; הַנְּשַׁמָּה Ezekiel 36:36 the desolated (that is, land, in figure).
2. be appalled Jeremiah 4:9; Lamentations 4:5; Ezekiel 4:17; Ezekiel 30:7, with עַל of thing Job 18:20.
Pō`. Participle
1. וֵָֽֽֽאשְׁבָה מְשׁוֺמֵם Ezra 9:3I sat appalled, compare Ezra 9:4
2. transitive appalling, causing horror (DrDan 150 f.): (הַ)שִּׁקּוּץ מְשֹׁמֵם Daniel 11:31, + perhaps Daniel 9:27a (see שִׁקּוּץ); so also שֹׁמֵם שִׁוּ׳ Daniel 12:11 (on שׁ׳ see Ges§ 52s), שֹׁמֵם הַפֶּשַׁע Daniel 8:13 the crime causing horror, and שׁ׳ as noun horror-causer, appaller, Daniel 9:27b.
Hiph. Perfect 2nd person masculine singular הֲשִׁמּ֫וֺתָ Job 16:7, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשּׁים (Ges§ 67y) Jeremiah 49:20; Jeremiah 50:45, 3rd person masculine plural suffix וַיְשִׁמֵּם 1 Samuel 5:6, 1st person plural נַשִּׁים Numbers 21:30, etc.; Imperative masculine plural הָשַׁמּוּ (Ges§ 67v) Job 21:5; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁמֵם Micah 6:13; Participle מַשְׁמִים Ezekiel 3:15; —
1. devastate, ravage, accusative of person 1 Samuel 5:6; Ezekiel 20:26; Hosea 2:14 (figurative of vine), Job 16:7; accusative of location Leviticus 26:31, 32 (H) Jeremiah 10:25; Ezekiel 30:12, 14; Psalm 79:7, so (accusative omitted) Numbers 21:30 (poem in J E), Micah 6:13; — Ezekiel 14:8 see שִׂים Hiph.
a. appal, accusative of person, with עַל at, Jeremiah 49:20; Jeremiah 50:45; Ezekiel 32:10.
b. inwardly transitive, וָאֵשֵׁב מִשׁ׳ Ezekiel 3:15 shewing horror, Job 21:5 (Bu Niph. הִשַּׁמוּ).
Hoph. Infinitive construct כָּליְֿמֵי הָשַּׁמָּה (that is הָאָרֶץ) Leviticus 26:34 (H) all the days of (its) being desolate, so Leviticus 26:35; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Aramaizing, בָּהְשַׁמָּה (Ges§ 67y) Leviticus 26:43.
Hithpō`. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁתּוֺמֵם Psalm 143:4, etc.; —
1. be appalled, astounded, כִּי that, because, Isaiah 59:16; Isaiah 63:5; עַל of thing Daniel 8:27; עבּתוֺכִי יִשְׁתּ׳ Psalm 143:4 (compare 1st person plural נשתומם Ecclus. 43:24).
2. cause oneself desolation, ruin, Ecclesiastes 7:16.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8075.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


26:22; 26:31; 26:32; 26:32; 26:34; 26:35; 26:43


21:30; 21:30

1 Samuel

5:6; 5:6

2 Samuel

13:20; 13:20

1 Kings

9:8; 9:8

2 Chronicles

7:12; 36:21


9:3; 9:4


16:7; 16:7; 17:8; 17:8; 18:20; 21:5; 21:5


40:16; 40:16; 69:26; 79:7; 143:4; 143:4




33:8; 42:14; 49:8; 49:19; 52:14; 54:1; 54:3; 59:16; 61:4; 61:4; 62:4; 63:5


2:12; 2:19; 4:9; 10:25; 12:11; 18:16; 19:8; 33:10; 49:17; 49:20; 49:20; 50:13; 50:45; 50:45


1:13; 1:14; 1:16; 3:11; 3:11; 4:5


3:15; 3:15; 4:17; 6:4; 6:6; 14:8; 20:26; 25:3; 26:16; 27:35; 28:19; 29:12; 30:7; 30:7; 30:12; 30:14; 32:10; 32:15; 33:28; 35:12; 35:15; 35:15; 36:3; 36:3; 36:4; 36:5; 36:34; 36:34; 36:35; 36:35; 36:36


8:13; 8:13; 8:27; 9:18; 9:26; 9:27; 9:27; 11:31; 12:11






7:9; 9:14


6:13; 6:13


3:6; 3:6



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8074 matches the Hebrew שָׁמֵם (šāmēm),
which occurs 86 times in 80 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Lev 26:22–Eze 14:8)

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:22 - ‘I will let loose among you the beasts of the field, which will bereave you of your children and destroy your cattle and reduce your number so that your roads lie H8074 deserted. H8074
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:31 - ‘I will [fn]lay waste your cities as well and will make H8074 your sanctuaries desolate, H8074 and I will not smell your soothing aromas.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:32 - ‘I will make H8074 the land desolate H8074 so that your enemies who settle in it will be appalled H8074 over it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:34 - ‘Then the land will [fn]enjoy its sabbaths all the days of the desolation, H8074 while you are in your enemies’ land; then the land will rest and [fn]enjoy its sabbaths.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:35 - ‘All the days of its desolation H8074 it will observe the rest which it did not observe on your sabbaths, while you were living on it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:43 - ‘For the land will be abandoned by them, and will make up for its sabbaths while it is made H8074 desolate H8074 without them. They, meanwhile, will be making amends for their iniquity, [fn]because they rejected My ordinances and their soul abhorred My statutes.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:30 - “But we have cast them down,
Heshbon is ruined as far as Dibon,
Then we have laid H8074 waste H8074 even to Nophah,
Which reaches to Medeba.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 5:6 - Now the hand of the LORD was heavy on the Ashdodites, and He ravaged H8074 them and smote them with tumors, both Ashdod and its territories.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 9:8 - “And this house will become [fn]a heap of ruins; everyone who passes by will be astonished H8074 and hiss and say, ‘Why has the LORD done thus to this land and to this house?’
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 7:21 - “As for this house, which was exalted, everyone who passes by it will be astonished H8074 and say, ‘Why has the LORD done thus to this land and to this house?’
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:21 - to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths. All the days of its desolation H8074 it kept sabbath [fn]until seventy years were complete.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:3 - When I heard about this matter, I tore my garment and my robe, and pulled some of the hair from my head and my beard, and sat down appalled. H8074
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:4 - Then everyone who trembled at the words of the God of Israel on account of the unfaithfulness of the exiles gathered to me, and I sat appalled H8074 until the evening offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 16:7 - “But now He has exhausted me;
You have laid H8074 waste H8074 all my company.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 17:8 - “The upright will be appalled H8074 at this,
And the innocent will stir up himself against the godless.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:20 - “Those [fn]in the west are appalled H8074 at his [fn]fate,
And those [fn]in the east are seized with horror.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:5 - “Look at me, and be astonished, H8074
And put your hand over your mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 40:15 - Let those be [fn]appalled H8074 because of their shame
Who say to me, “Aha, aha!”
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:25 - May their [fn]camp be desolate; H8074
May none dwell in their tents.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 79:7 - For they have devoured Jacob
And laid H8074 waste H8074 his [fn]habitation.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 143:4 - Therefore my spirit [fn]is overwhelmed within me;
My heart is [fn]appalled H8074 within me.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 7:16 - Do not be excessively righteous and do not be overly wise. Why should you ruin H8074 yourself?
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:8 - The highways are desolate, H8074 [fn]the traveler has ceased,
He has broken the covenant, he has despised the cities,
He has no regard for man.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:8 - Thus says the LORD,
“In a favorable time I have answered You,
And in a day of salvation I have helped You;
And I will keep You and give You for a covenant of the people,
To [fn]restore the land, to make them inherit the desolate H8074 heritages;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:19 - “For your waste and desolate H8074 places and your destroyed land
Surely now you will be too cramped for the inhabitants,
And those who swallowed you will be far away.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 52:14 - Just as many were astonished H8074 at you, My people,
So His appearance was marred more than any man
And His form more than the sons of men.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:1 - “Shout for joy, O barren one, you who have borne no child;
Break forth into joyful shouting and cry aloud, you who have not travailed;
For the sons of the desolate H8074 one will be more numerous
Than the sons of the married woman,” says the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:3 - “For you will spread abroad to the right and to the left.
And your [fn]descendants will possess nations
And will resettle the desolate H8074 cities.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 59:16 - And He saw that there was no man,
And was astonished H8074 that there was no one to intercede;
Then His own arm brought salvation to Him,
And His righteousness upheld Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 61:4 - Then they will rebuild the ancient ruins,
They will raise up the former devastations; H8074
And they will repair the ruined cities,
The desolations H8074 of many generations.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:5 - “I looked, and there was no one to help,
And I was astonished H8074 and there was no one to uphold;
So My own arm brought salvation to Me,
And My wrath upheld Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:12 - “Be appalled, H8074 O heavens, at this,
And shudder, be very desolate,” declares the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:9 - “It shall come about in that day,” declares the LORD, “that the heart of the king and the heart of the princes will fail; and the priests will be appalled H8074 and the prophets will be astounded.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 10:25 - Pour out Your wrath on the nations that do not know You
And on the families that do not call Your name;
For they have devoured Jacob;
They have devoured him and consumed him
And have laid H8074 waste H8074 his [fn]habitation.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 12:11 - [fn]It has been made a desolation,
Desolate, it mourns [fn]before Me;
The whole land has been made H8074 desolate, H8074
Because no man lays it to heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 18:16 - To make their land a desolation,
An object of perpetual hissing;
Everyone who passes by it will be astonished H8074
And shake his head.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 19:8 - “I will also make this city a desolation and an object of hissing; everyone who passes by it will be astonished H8074 and hiss because of all its [fn]disasters.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 33:10 - “Thus says the LORD, ‘Yet again there will be heard in this place, of which you say, “It is a waste, without man and without beast,” that is, in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem that are desolate, H8074 without man and without inhabitant and without beast,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:17 - “Edom will become an object of horror; everyone who passes by it will be horrified H8074 and will hiss at all its wounds.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:20 - Therefore hear the plan of the LORD which He has planned against Edom, and His purposes which He has purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: surely they will drag them off, even the little ones of the flock; surely He will make H8074 their [fn]pasture desolate H8074 because of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:13 - “Because of the indignation of the LORD she will not be inhabited,
But she will be completely desolate;
Everyone who passes by Babylon will be horrified H8074
And will hiss because of all her wounds.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:45 - Therefore hear the plan of the LORD which He has planned against Babylon, and His purposes which He has purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: surely they will drag them off, even the little ones of the flock; surely He will make H8074 their [fn]pasture desolate H8074 because of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:4 - The roads [fn]of Zion are in mourning
Because no one comes to the appointed feasts.
All her gates are desolate; H8074
Her priests are groaning,
Her virgins are afflicted,
And she herself [fn]is bitter.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:16 - “For these things I weep;
[fn]My eyes run down with water;
Because far from me is a comforter,
One who restores my soul.
My children are desolate H8074
Because the enemy has prevailed.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:5 - Those who ate delicacies
Are desolate H8074 in the streets;
Those [fn]reared in purple
Embrace ash pits.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:18 - Because of Mount Zion which lies H8074 desolate, H8074
Foxes prowl in it.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 3:15 - Then I came to the exiles who lived beside the river Chebar at Tel-abib, and I sat there seven days where they were living, causing H8074 consternation H8074 among them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 4:17 - because bread and water will be scarce; and they will be appalled H8074 with one another and waste away in their iniquity.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:4 - “So your altars will become H8074 desolate H8074 and your incense altars will be smashed; and I will make your slain fall in front of your idols.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 14:8 - “I will set My face against that man and make him a sign and [fn]a proverb, and I will cut him off from among My people. So you will know that I am the LORD.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Lev 26:22–Eze 14:8) Lev 26:22–Eze 14:8

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