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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H8121 - šemeš

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Part of Speech
masculine/feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2417a

Strong’s Definitions

שֶׁמֶשׁ shemesh, sheh'-mesh; from an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication, the east; figuratively, a ray, i.e. (architectural) a notched battlement:— east side(-ward), sun (rising), west(-ward), window. See also H1053.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 134x

The KJV translates Strong's H8121 in the following manner: sun (119x), sunrising (with H4217) (9x), east side (with H4217) (2x), windows (1x), eastward (with H4217) (1x), west (with H3996) (1x), westward (with H3996) (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 134x
The KJV translates Strong's H8121 in the following manner: sun (119x), sunrising (with H4217) (9x), east side (with H4217) (2x), windows (1x), eastward (with H4217) (1x), west (with H3996) (1x), westward (with H3996) (1x).
  1. sun

    1. sun

    2. sunrise, sun-rising, east, sun-setting, west (of direction)

    3. sun (as object of illicit worship)

    4. openly, publicly (in other phrases)

    5. pinnacles, battlements, shields (as glittering or shining)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שֶׁמֶשׁ shemesh, sheh'-mesh; from an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication, the east; figuratively, a ray, i.e. (architectural) a notched battlement:— east side(-ward), sun (rising), west(-ward), window. See also H1053.
STRONGS H8121: Abbreviations
שֶׁ֫מֶשׁ 133 noun feminineJudges 19:14 and masculineGenesis 19:23 (AlbrZAW xv (1895), 324) sun; — absolute שׁ׳ Joshua 10:12 +, שָׁ֑מֶשׁ Judges 20:43 +; suffix שִׁמְשֵׁךְ Isaiah 60:20, שִׁמְשָׁךְ Jeremiah 15:9; plural suffix שִׁמְשֹׁתַ֫יִךְ Isaiah 54:12; —
1. sun, Genesis 37:9 (E; + moon, stars); marking time: as rising (verb זָרַת which see) Exodus 22:2 (E) + 8 times + Malachi 3:20 (figurative צְדָקָה שׁ׳, of reward of the faithful, with wings, i.e. rays ? Now GASm; or winged sun-disc [compare We] ?); verb יְצָא Genesis 19:23 (J), Isaiah 13:10; Judges 5:31 (simile of splendour; see יְצָא 1f); setting (verb בּוֺא) Genesis 15:17 (J), Amos 8:9 + 19 times, + לָבוֺא וַיְהִי הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 15:12 (JE), יְדַע מְבוֺאוֺ שׁ׳ Psalm 104:19 (see בּוֺא 1i, מָבוֺא 2); as giving daylight Isaiah 60:9; hot 1 Samuel 11:9; Nehemiah 7:3; Exodus 16:21 (P), compare Isaiah 49:10; Jonah 4:8; Psalm 121:6; as ripening crops Deuteronomy 33:14 (poem), compare (figurative) Job 8:16, tanning the face Songs 1:6; standing still at Joshua's word Joshua 10:12.13a (poem in J; || יָרֵחַ), Joshua 10:13b (J), compare Habakkuk 3:11 (+ יָרֵךְַ); casting shadow (on dial), בַּשּׁ׳ אָחָז בְמַעֲלוֺת יָֽרְדָה Isaiah 38:8, וַתָּשָׁב הַשּׁ׳ Isaiah 38:8; set in sky by י׳ Jeremiah 31:25; Psalm 19:5; Psalm 74:16; Psalm 136:8, enduring Psalm 72:5; Psalm 72:17 (compare עִם 1g; [פָּנֶה] 11. 4 a (e), also Psalm 89:37; personified, called to praise י׳ Psalm 148:3 (+ יָרֵךְַ); to be darkened by י׳'s judgment, Ezekiel 32:7; Joel 2:10; Joel 3:4; Joel 4:15 (compare Amos 8:9 above, Micah 3:6).
2. of direction: מִמִּוְרַח הַשּׁ׳ Numbers 21:11 (E) toward sun-rise, = East, compare Deuteronomy 4:41, 47 + 16 times (see מִוְרָךְ); מְבוֺא הַשּׁ׳ Deuteronomy 11:30 + 3 times (see מָבוֺא 2).
3. object of worship (usually + moon, stars, etc.) 2 Kings 23:5; Jeremiah 8:2; Ezekiel 8:16; Deuteronomy 4:19; horses given to שׁ׳ 2 Kings 23:11, מַרְכְּבוֺת השּׁ׳ 2 Kings 23:11. — See also בֵּית שׁ׳.
4. other phrases:
† a. נֶגֶד חַשּׁ׳, i.e. openly, publicly, 2 Samuel 12:12; Numbers 25:4 (P), so לְעֵינֵי חַשּׁ׳ 2 Samuel 12:11.
† b. figurative of living, חָזָה שׁ׳ Psalm 58:9, רָאָה שׁ׳ Exodus 6:5; Exodus 7:11; Exodus 11:7, opposed to תֶּחְשַׁךְ הַשׁ׳ Exodus 12:2.
c. תַּחַת הַשּׁ׳, i.e. on the earth, Ecclesiastes 1:3 + 28 times Ecclesiastes (compare Greek ὐφ’ ἠλίῳ, KueOnd. iii. 196; Ein1. iii. 192).
5. pinnacle, as glittering, shining, plural Isaiah 54:12 thy pinnacles, battlements (of Zion), so perhaps singular אֱםהִים וּמָנֵן י׳ שׁ׳ Psalm 84:12 battlement and shield is א׳ י׳ (Gr Bae Du Buhl; most sun, and so Thes De Che SS; Hup-Now hesitates).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


15:12; 15:17; 19:23; 19:23; 37:9


6:5; 7:11; 11:7; 12:2; 16:21; 22:2


21:11; 25:4


4:19; 4:41; 4:47; 11:30; 33:14


10:12; 10:12; 10:13; 10:13


5:31; 19:14; 20:43

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

12:11; 12:12

2 Kings

23:5; 23:11; 23:11






19:5; 58:9; 72:5; 72:17; 74:16; 84:12; 89:37; 104:19; 121:6; 136:8; 148:3



Song of Songs



13:10; 38:8; 38:8; 49:10; 54:12; 54:12; 60:9; 60:20


8:2; 15:9; 31:25


8:16; 32:7


2:10; 3:4


8:9; 8:9







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8121 matches the Hebrew שֶׁמֶשׁ (šemeš),
which occurs 134 times in 127 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:12 - Now when the sun H8121 was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, [fn]terror and great darkness fell upon him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:17 - Now it came about, when the sun H8121 had set, that it was very dark, and behold, a smoking oven and a flaming torch appeared which passed between these pieces.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:23 - The sun H8121 had risen over the earth when Lot came to Zoar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:11 - And he [fn]happened upon a [fn]particular place and spent the night there, because the sun H8121 had set; and he took one of the stones of the place and made it a support for his head, and lay down in that place.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:31 - Now the sun H8121 rose upon him just as he crossed over Penuel, and he was limping on his hip.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:9 - Then he [fn]had yet another dream, and informed his brothers of it, and said, “Behold, I have [fn]had yet another dream; and behold, the sun H8121 and the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:21 - They gathered it morning by morning, everyone [fn]as much as he would eat; but when the sun H8121 became hot, it would melt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:12 - And Moses’ hands were heavy. So they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it; and Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one on one side and one on the other. So his hands were steady until the sun H8121 set.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:3 - “If the sun H8121 has risen on him, there will be guilt for bloodshed on his account—A thief shall certainly make restitution; if he owns nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:26 - “If you ever seize your neighbor’s cloak as a pledge, you are to return it to him before the sun H8121 sets,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:7 - ‘But when the sun H8121 sets, he will be clean, and afterward he may eat of the holy gifts, for it is his [fn]food.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:11 - Then they journeyed from Oboth and camped at Iye-abarim, in the wilderness which is opposite Moab, to the [fn]east H8121.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 25:4 - And the LORD said to Moses, “Take all the leaders of the people and [fn]execute them [fn]in broad daylight H8121 before the LORD, so that the fierce anger of the LORD may turn away from Israel.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:19 - “And be careful not to raise your eyes to heaven and look at the sun H8121, the moon, and the stars, all the heavenly [fn]lights, and allow yourself to be drawn away and worship them and serve them, things which the LORD your God has allotted to all the peoples under the whole heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:41 - Then Moses set apart three cities across the Jordan to the [fn]east H8121,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:47 - And they took possession of his land and the land of Og king of Bashan, the two kings of the Amorites, who were across the Jordan to the [fn]east H8121,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:30 - “Are they not across the Jordan, west of the road toward the sunset H8121, in the land of the Canaanites who live in the Arabah, opposite Gilgal, beside the [fn]oaks of Moreh?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:6 - but only at the place where the LORD your God chooses to establish His name, you shall sacrifice the Passover in the evening at sunset H8121, at the time that you came out of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:3 - and that person has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun H8121, the moon, or any of the heavenly [fn]lights, which I have commanded not to do,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:11 - “But when evening approaches, he shall bathe himself with water, and at sundown H8121 he may [fn]reenter the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:13 - “When the sun H8121 goes down you shall certainly return the pledge to him, so that he may sleep in his cloak and bless you; and it will be righteousness for you before the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:15 - “You shall give him his wages on his day [fn]before the sun H8121 sets—for he is poor and sets his [fn]heart on it—so that he does not cry out against you to the LORD, and it becomes a sin in you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:14 - And with the choice yield of the sun H8121,
And the choice produce of the months;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:4 - “From the wilderness and this Lebanon, even as far as the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and as far as the Great Sea toward the setting of the sun H8121 will be your territory.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:15 - until the LORD gives your brothers rest, as He is giving you, and they also possess the land which the LORD your God is giving them. Then you may return to [fn]your own land, and take possession of [fn]that which Moses the servant of the LORD gave you beyond the Jordan toward the sunrise H8121.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:29 - And he hanged the king of Ai on [fn]a tree until evening; but at sunset H8121 Joshua gave the command and they took his body down from [fn]the tree and threw it at the entrance of the city gate, and erected over it a large heap of stones that stands to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:12 - Then Joshua spoke to the LORD on the day when the LORD turned the Amorites over to the sons of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel,
“Sun H8121, stand still at Gibeon,
And moon, at the Valley of Aijalon!”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:13 - So the sun H8121 stood still, and the moon stopped,
Until the nation avenged themselves of their enemies.
Is it not written in the Book of Jashar? And the sun H8121 stopped in the middle of the sky and did not hurry to go down for about a whole day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:27 - Then it came about at [fn]sunset H8121 that Joshua gave the command, and they took them down from the [fn]trees and threw them into the cave where they had hidden themselves, and put large stones over the mouth of the cave, to this very day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 12:1 - Now these are the kings of the land whom the sons of Israel [fn]defeated, and they took possession of their land beyond the Jordan toward the sunrise H8121, from the Valley of the Arnon as far as Mount Hermon, and all the Arabah to the east:
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 13:5 - and the land of the Gebalite, and all of Lebanon, toward the [fn]east H8121, from Baal-gad below Mount Hermon as far as [fn]Lebo-hamath.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:12 - Then it turned from Sarid to the east toward the sunrise H8121 as far as the border of Chisloth-tabor, and it proceeded to Daberath and [fn]up to Japhia.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:27 - It turned toward the [fn]east H8121 to Beth-dagon and reached Zebulun, and to the Valley of Iphtahel northward to Beth-emek and Neiel; then it proceeded on [fn]north to Cabul,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:34 - Then the border turned westward to Aznoth-tabor and proceeded from there to Hukkok; and it reached Zebulun on the south and reached Asher on the west, and Judah at the Jordan toward the [fn]east H8121.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:4 - “See, I have apportioned to you these nations which remain as an inheritance for your tribes, with all the nations which I have eliminated, from the Jordan even to the Great Sea toward the [fn]west H8121.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:31 - “May all Your enemies perish in this way, LORD;
But may those who love Him be like the rising of the sun H8121 in its might.”
And the land was at rest for forty years.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:33 - “Then in the morning, as soon as the sun H8121 is up, you shall rise early and attack the city; and behold, when he and the people who are with him come out against you, you shall do to them [fn]whatever you can.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:18 - ‘Then they went through the wilderness and around the land of Edom and the land of Moab, and came to the east H8121 side H8121 of the land of Moab, and they camped beyond the Arnon; but they did not enter the territory of Moab, for the Arnon was the border of Moab.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:14 - So they passed along and went their way, and the sun H8121 set on them near Gibeah which belongs to Benjamin.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:43 - They surrounded Benjamin, pursued them without rest, and trampled them down opposite Gibeah toward the [fn]east H8121.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:19 - So they said, “Behold, there is a feast of the LORD from year to year in Shiloh, which is on the north side of Bethel, on the east H8121 side H8121 of the road that goes up from Bethel to Shechem, and on the south side of Lebonah.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 11:9 - They said to the messengers who had come, “This is what you shall say to the men of Jabesh-gilead: ‘Tomorrow, by the time the sun H8121 is hot, you will be saved.’” So the messengers went and told the men of Jabesh; and they rejoiced.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 2:24 - But Joab and Abishai pursued Abner, and when the sun H8121 was going down, they came to the hill of Ammah, which is opposite Giah by way of the wilderness of Gibeon.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:35 - Then all the people came to provide [fn]food for David in his distress while it was still day; but David vowed, saying, “May God do so to me, and more so, if I taste bread or anything else before the sun H8121 goes down.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:11 - “This is what the LORD says: ‘Behold, I am going to raise up evil against you from your own household; I will even take your wives before your eyes and give them to your companion, and he will sleep with your wives in [fn]broad daylight H8121.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:12 - ‘Indeed, you did it secretly, but I will do this thing before all Israel, and [fn]in open daylight H8121.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 23:4 - Is like the light of the morning when the sun H8121 rises,
A morning without clouds,
When the fresh grass springs out of the earth
From sunshine after rain.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:36 - Then the word passed throughout the army close to sunset H8121, saying, “Every man to his city, and every man to his [fn]country!”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:22 - Then they got up early in the morning, and the sun H8121 shone on the water, and the Moabites saw the water opposite them as red as blood.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:33 - from the Jordan eastward H8121, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, the Reubenites, and the Manassites; from Aroer, which is by the Valley of the Arnon, that is, Gilead and Bashan.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33) Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33

2. LOAD PAGE 2 2Ki 23:5–Ecc 11:7

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