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Lexicon :: Strong's H8121 - šemeš

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Part of Speech
masculine/feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2417a

Strong’s Definitions

שֶׁמֶשׁ shemesh, sheh'-mesh; from an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication, the east; figuratively, a ray, i.e. (architectural) a notched battlement:— east side(-ward), sun (rising), west(-ward), window. See also H1053.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 134x

The KJV translates Strong's H8121 in the following manner: sun (119x), sunrising (with H4217) (9x), east side (with H4217) (2x), windows (1x), eastward (with H4217) (1x), west (with H3996) (1x), westward (with H3996) (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 134x
The KJV translates Strong's H8121 in the following manner: sun (119x), sunrising (with H4217) (9x), east side (with H4217) (2x), windows (1x), eastward (with H4217) (1x), west (with H3996) (1x), westward (with H3996) (1x).
  1. sun

    1. sun

    2. sunrise, sun-rising, east, sun-setting, west (of direction)

    3. sun (as object of illicit worship)

    4. openly, publicly (in other phrases)

    5. pinnacles, battlements, shields (as glittering or shining)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שֶׁמֶשׁ shemesh, sheh'-mesh; from an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication, the east; figuratively, a ray, i.e. (architectural) a notched battlement:— east side(-ward), sun (rising), west(-ward), window. See also H1053.
STRONGS H8121: Abbreviations
שֶׁ֫מֶשׁ 133 noun feminineJudges 19:14 and masculineGenesis 19:23 (AlbrZAW xv (1895), 324) sun; — absolute שׁ׳ Joshua 10:12 +, שָׁ֑מֶשׁ Judges 20:43 +; suffix שִׁמְשֵׁךְ Isaiah 60:20, שִׁמְשָׁךְ Jeremiah 15:9; plural suffix שִׁמְשֹׁתַ֫יִךְ Isaiah 54:12; —
1. sun, Genesis 37:9 (E; + moon, stars); marking time: as rising (verb זָרַת which see) Exodus 22:2 (E) + 8 times + Malachi 3:20 (figurative צְדָקָה שׁ׳, of reward of the faithful, with wings, i.e. rays ? Now GASm; or winged sun-disc [compare We] ?); verb יְצָא Genesis 19:23 (J), Isaiah 13:10; Judges 5:31 (simile of splendour; see יְצָא 1f); setting (verb בּוֺא) Genesis 15:17 (J), Amos 8:9 + 19 times, + לָבוֺא וַיְהִי הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 15:12 (JE), יְדַע מְבוֺאוֺ שׁ׳ Psalm 104:19 (see בּוֺא 1i, מָבוֺא 2); as giving daylight Isaiah 60:9; hot 1 Samuel 11:9; Nehemiah 7:3; Exodus 16:21 (P), compare Isaiah 49:10; Jonah 4:8; Psalm 121:6; as ripening crops Deuteronomy 33:14 (poem), compare (figurative) Job 8:16, tanning the face Songs 1:6; standing still at Joshua's word Joshua 10:12.13a (poem in J; || יָרֵחַ), Joshua 10:13b (J), compare Habakkuk 3:11 (+ יָרֵךְַ); casting shadow (on dial), בַּשּׁ׳ אָחָז בְמַעֲלוֺת יָֽרְדָה Isaiah 38:8, וַתָּשָׁב הַשּׁ׳ Isaiah 38:8; set in sky by י׳ Jeremiah 31:25; Psalm 19:5; Psalm 74:16; Psalm 136:8, enduring Psalm 72:5; Psalm 72:17 (compare עִם 1g; [פָּנֶה] 11. 4 a (e), also Psalm 89:37; personified, called to praise י׳ Psalm 148:3 (+ יָרֵךְַ); to be darkened by י׳'s judgment, Ezekiel 32:7; Joel 2:10; Joel 3:4; Joel 4:15 (compare Amos 8:9 above, Micah 3:6).
2. of direction: מִמִּוְרַח הַשּׁ׳ Numbers 21:11 (E) toward sun-rise, = East, compare Deuteronomy 4:41, 47 + 16 times (see מִוְרָךְ); מְבוֺא הַשּׁ׳ Deuteronomy 11:30 + 3 times (see מָבוֺא 2).
3. object of worship (usually + moon, stars, etc.) 2 Kings 23:5; Jeremiah 8:2; Ezekiel 8:16; Deuteronomy 4:19; horses given to שׁ׳ 2 Kings 23:11, מַרְכְּבוֺת השּׁ׳ 2 Kings 23:11. — See also בֵּית שׁ׳.
4. other phrases:
† a. נֶגֶד חַשּׁ׳, i.e. openly, publicly, 2 Samuel 12:12; Numbers 25:4 (P), so לְעֵינֵי חַשּׁ׳ 2 Samuel 12:11.
† b. figurative of living, חָזָה שׁ׳ Psalm 58:9, רָאָה שׁ׳ Exodus 6:5; Exodus 7:11; Exodus 11:7, opposed to תֶּחְשַׁךְ הַשׁ׳ Exodus 12:2.
c. תַּחַת הַשּׁ׳, i.e. on the earth, Ecclesiastes 1:3 + 28 times Ecclesiastes (compare Greek ὐφ’ ἠλίῳ, KueOnd. iii. 196; Ein1. iii. 192).
5. pinnacle, as glittering, shining, plural Isaiah 54:12 thy pinnacles, battlements (of Zion), so perhaps singular אֱםהִים וּמָנֵן י׳ שׁ׳ Psalm 84:12 battlement and shield is א׳ י׳ (Gr Bae Du Buhl; most sun, and so Thes De Che SS; Hup-Now hesitates).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


15:12; 15:17; 19:23; 19:23; 37:9


6:5; 7:11; 11:7; 12:2; 16:21; 22:2


21:11; 25:4


4:19; 4:41; 4:47; 11:30; 33:14


10:12; 10:12; 10:13; 10:13


5:31; 19:14; 20:43

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

12:11; 12:12

2 Kings

23:5; 23:11; 23:11






19:5; 58:9; 72:5; 72:17; 74:16; 84:12; 89:37; 104:19; 121:6; 136:8; 148:3



Song of Songs



13:10; 38:8; 38:8; 49:10; 54:12; 54:12; 60:9; 60:20


8:2; 15:9; 31:25


8:16; 32:7


2:10; 3:4


8:9; 8:9







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8121 matches the Hebrew שֶׁמֶשׁ (šemeš),
which occurs 134 times in 127 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:12 - And the sun is about to go in, and deep sleep hath fallen upon Abram, and lo, a terror of great darkness is falling upon him;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:17 - And it cometh to pass -- the sun hath gone in, and thick darkness hath been -- and lo, a furnace of smoke, and a lamp of fire, which hath passed over between those pieces.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:23 - The sun hath gone out on the earth, and Lot hath entered into Zoar,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:11 - and he toucheth at a certain place, and lodgeth there, for the sun hath gone in, and he taketh of the stones of the place, and maketh them his pillows, and lieth down in that place.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:31 - and the sun riseth on him when he hath passed over Penuel, and he is halting on his thigh;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:9 - And he dreameth yet another dream, and recounteth it to his brethren, and saith, 'Lo, I have dreamed a dream again, and lo, the sun and the moon, and eleven stars, are bowing themselves to me.'
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:21 - And they gather it morning by morning, each according to his eating; when the sun hath been warm, then it hath melted.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:12 - And the hands of Moses are heavy, and they take a stone, and set it under him, and he sitteth on it: and Aaron and Hur have taken hold on his hands, on this side one, and on that one, and his hands are stedfast till the going in of the sun;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:3 - if the sun hath risen upon him, blood is for him, he doth certainly repay; if he have nothing, then he hath been sold for his theft;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:26 - if thou dost at all take in pledge the garment of thy neighbour, during the going in of the sun thou dost return it to him:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:7 - and the sun hath gone in, and he hath been clean, and afterwards he doth eat of the holy things, for it is his food;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:11 - And they journey from Oboth, and encamp in Ije-Abarim, in the wilderness that is on the front of Moab, at the rising of the sun.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 25:4 - And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Take all the chiefs of the people, and hang them before Jehovah -- over-against the sun; and the fierceness of the anger of Jehovah doth turn back from Israel.'
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:19 - 'And lest thou lift up thine eyes towards the heavens, and hast seen the sun, and the moon, and the stars, all the host of the heavens, and thou hast been forced, and hast bowed thyself to them, and served them, which Jehovah thy God hath apportioned to all the peoples under the whole heavens.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:41 - Then Moses separateth three cities beyond the Jordan, towards the sun-rising,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:47 - and they possess his land, and the land of Og king of Bashan, two kings of the Amorite who are beyond the Jordan, towards the sun-rising;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:30 - are they not beyond the Jordan, behind the way of the going in of the sun, in the land of the Canaanite, who is dwelling in the plain over-against Gilgal, near the oaks of Moreh?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:6 - except at the place which Jehovah thy God doth choose to cause His name to tabernacle -- there thou dost sacrifice the passover in the evening, at the going in of the sun, the season of thy coming out of Egypt;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:3 - and he doth go and serve other gods, and doth bow himself to them, and to the sun, or to the moon, or to any of the host of the heavens, which I have not commanded --
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:11 - and it hath been, at the turning of the evening, he doth bathe with water, and at the going in of the sun he doth come in unto the midst of the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:13 - thou dost certainly give back to him the pledge at the going in of the sun, and he hath lain down in his own raiment, and hath blessed thee; and to thee it is righteousness before Jehovah thy God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:15 - in his day thou dost give his hire, and the sun doth not go in upon it, for he is poor, and unto it he is lifting up his soul, and he doth not cry against thee unto Jehovah, and it hath been in thee -- sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:14 - And by precious things -- fruits of the sun, And by precious things -- cast forth by the moons,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:4 - From this wilderness and Lebanon, and unto the great river, the river Phrath, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great Sea -- the going in of the sun -- is your border.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:15 - till that Jehovah giveth rest to your brethren as to yourselves, and they have possessed, even they, the land which Jehovah your God is giving to them; then ye have turned back to the land of your possession, and have possessed it, which Moses, servant of Jehovah, hath given to you beyond the Jordan, at the sun-rising.'
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:29 - and the king of Ai he hath hanged on the tree till even-time, and at the going in of the sun hath Joshua commanded, and they take down his carcase from the tree, and cast it unto the opening of the gate of the city, and raise over it a great heap of stones till this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:12 - Then speaketh Joshua to Jehovah in the day of Jehovah's giving up the Amorites before the sons of Israel, and he saith, before the eyes of Israel, 'Sun -- in Gibeon stand still; and moon -- in the valley of Ajalon;'
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:13 - and the sun standeth still, and the moon hath stood -- till the nation taketh vengeance on its enemies; is it not written on the Book of the Upright, 'and the sun standeth in the midst of the heavens, and hath not hasted to go in -- as a perfect day?'
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:27 - And it cometh to pass, at the time of the going in of the sun, Joshua hath commanded, and they take them down from off the trees, and cast them unto the cave where they had been hid, and put great stones on the mouth of the cave till this very day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 12:1 - And these are kings of the land whom the sons of Israel have smitten, and possess their land, beyond the Jordan, at the sun-rising, from the brook Arnon unto mount Hermon, and all the plain eastward.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 13:5 - and the land of the Giblite, and all Lebanon, at the sun-rising, from Baal-Gad under mount Hermon, unto the going in to Hamath:
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:12 - and turned back from Sarid eastward, at the sun-rising, by the border of Chisloth-Tabor, and gone out unto Daberath, and gone up to Japhia,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:27 - and hath turned back, at the sun-rising, to Beth-Dagon, and come against Zebulun, and against the valley of Jiphthah-El toward the north of Beth-Emek, and Neiel, and hath gone out unto Cabul on the left,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:34 - and the border hath turned back westward to Aznoth-Tabor, and gone out thence to Hukkok, and touched against Zebulun on the south, and against Asher it hath touched on the west, and against Judah at the Jordan, at the sun-rising;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:4 - see, I have caused to fall to you these nations who are left for an inheritance to your tribes, from the Jordan, (and all the nations which I cut off), and the great sea, the going in of the sun.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:31 - So do all Thine enemies perish, O Jehovah, And those loving Him are As the going out of the sun in its might!' and the land resteth forty years.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:33 - and it hath been, in the morning, about the rising of the sun, thou dost rise early, and hast pushed against the city; and lo, he and the people who are with him are going out unto thee -- and thou hast done to him as thy hand doth find.'
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:18 - and he goeth through the wilderness, and compasseth the land of Edom and the land of Moab, and cometh in at the rising of the sun of the land of Moab, and they encamp beyond Arnon, and have not come into the border of Moab, for Arnon is the border of Moab.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:14 - And they pass over, and go on, and the sun goeth in upon them near Gibeah, which is to Benjamin;
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:43 - they have compassed the Benjamites -- they have pursued them -- with ease they have trodden them down till over-against Gibeah, at the sun-rising.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:19 - And they say, 'Lo, a festival of Jehovah is in Shiloh, from time to time, which is on the north of Beth-El, at the rising of the sun, by the highway which is going up from Beth-El to Shechem, and on the south of Lebonah.'
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 11:9 - And they say to the messengers who are coming, 'Thus do ye say to the men of Jabesh-Gilead: To-morrow ye have safety -- by the heat of the sun;' and the messengers come and declare to the men of Jabesh, and they rejoice;
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 2:24 - And Joab and Abishai pursue after Abner, and the sun hath gone in, and they have come in unto the height of Ammah, which is on the front of Giah, the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:35 - And all the people come to cause David to eat bread while yet day, and David sweareth, saying, 'Thus doth God to me, and thus He doth add, for -- before the going in of the sun, I taste no bread or any other thing.'
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:11 - thus said Jehovah, Lo, I am raising up against thee evil, out of thy house, and have taken thy wives before thine eyes, and given to thy neighbour, and he hath lain with thy wives before the eyes of this sun;
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:12 - for thou hast done it in secret, and I do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.'
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 23:4 - And as the light of morning he riseth, A morning sun -- no clouds! By the shining, by the rain, Tender grass of the earth!
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:36 - and he causeth the cry to pass over through the camp, at the going in of the sun, saying, 'Each unto his city, and each unto his land.'
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:22 - And they rise early in the morning, and the sun hath shone on the waters, and the Moabites see, from over-against, the waters red as blood,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:33 - from the Jordan, at the sun-rising, the whole land of Gilead, of the Gadite, and the Reubenite, and the Manassahite (from Aroer, that is by the brook Arnon), even Gilead and Bashan.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33) Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33

2. LOAD PAGE 2 2Ki 23:5–Ecc 11:7

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