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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H8130 - śānē'

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2272

Strong’s Definitions

שָׂנֵא sânêʼ, saw-nay'; a primitive root; to hate (personally):—enemy, foe, (be) hate(-ful, -r), odious, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 146x

The KJV translates Strong's H8130 in the following manner: hate (136x), enemies (3x), enemy (2x), foes (1x), hateful (1x), miscellaneous (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 146x
The KJV translates Strong's H8130 in the following manner: hate (136x), enemies (3x), enemy (2x), foes (1x), hateful (1x), miscellaneous (3x).
  1. to hate, be hateful

    1. (Qal) to hate

      1. of man

      2. of God

      3. hater, one hating, enemy (participle) (subst)

    2. (Niphal) to be hated

    3. (Piel) hater (participle)

      1. of persons, nations, God, wisdom

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׂנֵא sânêʼ, saw-nay'; a primitive root; to hate (personally):—enemy, foe, (be) hate(-ful, -r), odious, × utterly.
STRONGS H8130: Abbreviations
שָׂנֵא 145 verb hate (Late Hebrew id.; MI4 שנאי my foes; Sabean שנאם foe Sab.Denkm.No. 12, 1. 9 compare Ib.No. 7, 1. 9 CISiv, No. 173, 1. 6; Arabic bdb097103, bdb097104, hate; Aramaic סְנָא, bdb097105, id., סָנְאָה, bdb097106 hater, etc.; Ethiopic hate is bdb097107); —
Qal 128 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׂ׳ Deuteronomy 12:31 +, suffix שְׂנֵאָהּ 2 Samuel 13:15 +; 2nd person masculine singular שָׂנֵאתָ Psalm 5:6 +, suffix שְׂנֵאתַ֫נִי Judges 14:16, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׂנָא Proverbs 13:5; Proverbs 26:28, suffix יִשְׂנָאֶ֑ךָּ Proverbs 9:8, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שִׂנְאוּ Amos 9:15; Psalm 97:10; Infinitive absolute שָׂנאֹ Judges 15:2; construct שְׂנאֹ Genesis 37:5 +, שְׂנאֹת Proverbs 8:13; Participle active שׂנֵא Deuteronomy 4:42 +, שׂנַאֲךָ Exodus 23:5; Proverbs 25:21; plural construct שׂנְאֵי Exodus 18:21 +, etc.; passive feminine singular שְׂנוּאָה Genesis 29:31 +; masculine plural construct שְׂנֻאֵי 2 Samuel 5:8 Qr (> Kt שָֽׂנְאוּ); — hate (often opposed to אָהֵב):
1. human;
a. with accusative of person Genesis 26:27 (J), Genesis 37:5, 8 (E), Judges 11:7; 2 Samuel 13:22; Amos 5:10 (|| תֵּעֵב) + 17 times (evil-doers † Psalm 26:5; Psalm 31:7; Psalm 139:21), + (object wife) Judges 14:16; Judges 15:2 (twice in verse); + passive participle, of wife, † Genesis 29:31 (twice in verse) (J), Deuteronomy 21:15 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 21:16, 17, compare Proverbs 30:23; figurative of Zion Isaiah 60:15 (+ עֲזוּבָה); specifically of sexual revulsion † 2 Samuel 13:15 (twice in verse) (+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb), Deuteronomy 22:13, 16; Deuteronomy 24:3; so, object man (of Jerusalem under figure of harlot) † Ezekiel 16:37; passive שְׂנֻאֵי נֶפֶשׁ דָּוִד 2 Samuel 5:8 (but see obscure); reflexive (accusative נַפְשׁוֺ) † Proverbs 29:24, absolute † Ecclesiastes 3:8.
b. with accusative of thing, Ezekiel 35:6 (but read בְּדָם אָשַׁמְתָּ Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Co Berthol Toy), Ecclesiastes 2:17, 18, especially evil Exodus 18:21 (E), Micah 3:2; Psalm 45:7 + 10 times, virtue, etc. Micah 3:2; Proverbs 1:22 + 4 times
2. subject י׳; object perverse Israel † Amos 6:8 (its palaces), Hosea 9:15; Jeremiah 12:8; wickedness Psalm 5:6; Psalm 11:5; idolatry and evil Amos 5:21; Isaiah 1:14; Isaiah 61:8; Jeremiah 44:4; Malachi 2:16 + 5 times
3. Participle active54 as adjective Isaiah 66:5 (as verb with 1st person singular pronoun Isaiah 61:8, 2 above); usually substantive, Proverbs 13:24 one hating his son (opposed to אֹהֵב); elsewhere = enemy foe (usually construct or with suffix), singular and plural (often || אֹיֵב, sometimes opposed to אֹהֵב): foe of man Exodus 23:5 (E), Genesis 24:60 (J), Leviticus 26:17 (H) +, nation Exodus 1:10 (E), Esther 9:1, 5, 16 +, absolute Proverbs 26:24; Proverbs 27:6, (about 31 times in all); + לֹא שׂנֵא with ל person, a no-hater to one Deuteronomy 4:42; Deuteronomy 19:4, 6; Joshua 20:5, and (without לֹא) Deuteronomy 19:11; foe of good Micah 3:2, compare Job 34:17 + 3 times, of evil † Exodus 18:21; Proverbs 28:1, compare Proverbs 15:27; of suretyship † Proverbs 11:15 (i.e. not giving it); foes of י׳Exodus 20:5 = Deuteronomy 5:9; Deuteronomy 7:10 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 19:2.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׂנֵא Proverbs 14:17 is hated, so Proverbs 14:20 (+ ל person by, see לְ 5d).
Pi. Participle suffix מְשַׂנְאִי Job 31:29; Psalm 55:13; plural construct מְשַׂנְאֵי Psalm 81:16; suffix מְשַׂנְאַי 2 Samuel 22:41 +, etc.; — enemy (Qal 3) || אֹיֵב, צָר, etc.:
3. of wisdom Proverbs 8:36.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8131.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:60; 26:27; 29:31; 29:31; 37:5; 37:5; 37:8


1:10; 18:21; 18:21; 18:21; 20:5; 23:5; 23:5






4:42; 4:42; 5:9; 7:10; 12:31; 19:4; 19:6; 19:11; 21:15; 21:16; 21:17; 22:13; 22:16; 24:3; 32:41; 33:11




11:7; 14:16; 14:16; 15:2; 15:2

2 Samuel

5:8; 5:8; 13:15; 13:15; 13:22; 22:41; 22:41

2 Chronicles



9:1; 9:5; 9:16


31:29; 31:29; 34:17


5:6; 5:6; 11:5; 18:41; 26:5; 31:7; 44:8; 44:11; 45:7; 55:13; 55:13; 68:2; 81:16; 81:16; 83:3; 89:24; 97:10; 139:21; 139:21


1:22; 8:13; 8:36; 9:8; 11:15; 13:5; 13:24; 14:17; 14:20; 15:27; 25:21; 26:24; 26:28; 27:6; 28:1; 29:24; 30:23


2:17; 2:18; 3:8


1:14; 60:15; 61:8; 61:8; 66:5


12:8; 44:4


16:37; 35:6




5:10; 5:21; 6:8; 9:15


3:2; 3:2; 3:2




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8130 matches the Hebrew שָׂנֵא (śānē'),
which occurs 148 times in 139 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 24:60–Job 8:22)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:60 - They blessed Rebekah and said to her,
“May you, our sister,
Become thousands of ten thousands,
And may your [fn]descendants possess
The gate of those who hate H8130 them.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:27 - Isaac said to them, “Why have you come to me, since you hate H8130 me and have sent me away from you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:31 - Now the LORD saw that Leah was [fn]unloved, H8130 and He opened her womb, but Rachel was barren.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:33 - Then she conceived again and bore a son and said, “Because the LORD has [fn]heard that I am [fn]unloved, H8130 He has therefore given me this son also.” So she named him Simeon.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:4 - His brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers; and so they hated H8130 him and could not speak to him [fn]on friendly terms.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:5 - Then Joseph [fn]had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers, they hated H8130 him even more.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:8 - Then his brothers said to him, “Are you actually going to reign over us? Or are you really going to rule over us?” So they hated H8130 him even more for his dreams and for his words.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:10 - “Come, let us deal wisely with them, or else they will multiply and [fn]in the event of war, they will also join themselves to those who hate H8130 us, and fight against us and [fn]depart from the land.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:21 - “Furthermore, you shall [fn]select out of all the people able men who fear God, men of truth, those who hate H8130 dishonest gain; and you shall place these over them as leaders of thousands, [fn]of hundreds, [fn]of fifties and [fn]of tens.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:5 - “You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate H8130 Me,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:5 - “If you see the donkey of one who hates H8130 you lying helpless under its load, you shall refrain from leaving it to him, you shall surely release it with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:17 - ‘You shall not hate H8130 your [fn]fellow countryman in your heart; you may surely reprove your neighbor, but shall not incur sin because of him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:17 - ‘I will set My face against you so that you will be struck down before your enemies; and those who hate H8130 you will rule over you, and you will flee when no one is pursuing you.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:35 - Then it came about when the ark set out that Moses said,
“Rise up, O LORD!
And let Your enemies be scattered,
And let those who hate H8130 You flee [fn]before You.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:42 - that a manslayer might flee there, who unintentionally slew his neighbor without having enmity H8130 toward him in time past; and by fleeing to one of these cities he might live:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:9 - ‘You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, and on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate H8130 Me,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:10 - but repays those who hate H8130 Him to [fn]their faces, to destroy [fn]them; He will not delay [fn]with him who hates H8130 Him, He will repay him to his face.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:15 - “The LORD will remove from you all sickness; and He will not put on you any of the harmful diseases of Egypt which you have known, but He will lay them on all who hate H8130 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:31 - “You shall not behave thus toward the LORD your God, for every abominable act which the LORD hates H8130 they have done for their gods; for they even burn their sons and daughters in the fire to their gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:22 - “You shall not set up for yourself a sacred pillar which the LORD your God hates. H8130
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:4 - “Now this is the case of the manslayer who may flee there and live: when he [fn]kills his friend [fn]unintentionally, [fn]not hating H8130 him previously
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:6 - otherwise the avenger of blood might pursue the manslayer [fn]in the heat of his anger, and overtake him, because the way is long, and [fn]take his life, though he was not deserving of death, since he had not hated H8130 him previously.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:11 - “But if there is a man who hates H8130 his neighbor and lies in wait for him and rises up against him and strikes [fn]him so that he dies, and he flees to one of these cities,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:15 - “If a man has two wives, the one loved and the other [fn]unloved, H8130 and both the loved and the [fn]unloved H8130 have borne him sons, if the firstborn son belongs to the [fn]unloved,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:16 - then it shall be in the day he [fn]wills what he has to his sons, he cannot make the son of the loved the firstborn before the son of the [fn]unloved, H8130 who is the firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:17 - “But he shall acknowledge the firstborn, the son of the [fn]unloved, H8130 by giving him a double portion of all that [fn]he has, for he is the beginning of his strength; to him belongs the right of the firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:13 - “If any man takes a wife and goes in to her and then [fn]turns H8130 against H8130 her,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:16 - “The girl’s father shall say to the elders, ‘I gave my daughter to this man for a wife, but he [fn]turned H8130 against H8130 her;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:3 - and if the latter husband [fn]turns H8130 against H8130 her and writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house, or if the latter husband dies who took her to be his wife,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 30:7 - “The LORD your God will [fn]inflict all these curses on your enemies and on those who hate H8130 you, who persecuted you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:41 - If I sharpen My [fn]flashing sword,
And My hand takes hold on justice,
I will render vengeance on My adversaries,
And I will repay those who hate H8130 Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:11 - “O LORD, bless his substance,
And accept the work of his hands;
Shatter the loins of those who rise up against him,
And those who hate H8130 him, so that they will not rise again.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 20:5 - ‘Now if the avenger of blood pursues him, then they shall not deliver the manslayer into his hand, because he struck his neighbor without premeditation and did not hate H8130 him beforehand.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:7 - Then Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, “Did you not hate H8130 me and drive me from my father’s house? So why have you come to me now when you are in trouble?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 14:16 - Samson’s wife wept before him and said, “You only hate H8130 me, and you do not love me; you have propounded a riddle to the sons of my people, and have not told it to me.” And he said to her, “Behold, I have not told it to my father or mother; so should I tell you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:2 - Her father said, “I really thought that you hated H8130 her intensely; H8130 so I gave her to your companion. Is not her younger sister [fn]more beautiful than she? Please let her be yours [fn]instead.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:8 - David said on that day, “Whoever would strike the Jebusites, let him reach the lame and the blind, who are hated H8130 by David’s soul, through the water tunnel.” Therefore they say, “The blind or the lame shall not come into the house.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:15 - Then Amnon hated H8130 her with a very great hatred; for the hatred with which he hated H8130 her was greater than the love with which he had loved her. And Amnon said to her, “Get up, go away!”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:22 - But Absalom did not speak to Amnon either good or bad; for Absalom hated H8130 Amnon because he had violated his sister Tamar.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:6 - by loving those who hate H8130 you, and by hating H8130 those who love you. For you have shown today that [fn]princes and servants are nothing to you; for I know this day that if Absalom were alive and all of us were dead today, then [fn]you would be pleased.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:18 - “He delivered me from my strong enemy,
From those who hated H8130 me, for they were too strong for me.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:41 - “You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me,
And I [fn]destroyed those who hated H8130 me.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:8 - The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of the LORD, but I hate H8130 him, because he does not prophesy good concerning me, but evil. He is Micaiah son of Imlah.” But Jehoshaphat said, “Let not the king say so.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 1:11 - God said to Solomon, “Because [fn]you had this in mind, and did not ask for riches, wealth or honor, or the life of those who hate H8130 you, nor have you even asked for long life, but you have asked for yourself wisdom and knowledge that you may rule My people over whom I have made you king,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:7 - The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of the LORD, but I hate H8130 him, for he never prophesies good concerning me but always evil. He is Micaiah, son of Imla.” But Jehoshaphat said, “Let not the king say so.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 19:2 - Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him and said to King Jehoshaphat, “Should you help the wicked and love those who hate H8130 the LORD and [fn]so bring wrath on yourself from the LORD?
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:1 - Now in the twelfth month (that is, the month Adar), on the thirteenth [fn]day when the king’s command and edict [fn]were about to be executed, on the day when the enemies of the Jews hoped to gain the mastery over them, it was turned to the contrary so that the Jews themselves gained the mastery over those who hated H8130 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:5 - Thus the Jews struck all their enemies with [fn]the sword, killing and destroying; and they did what they pleased to those who hated H8130 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:16 - Now the rest of the Jews who were in the king’s provinces assembled, to defend their lives and [fn]rid themselves of their enemies, and kill 75,000 of those who hated H8130 them; but they did not lay their hands on the plunder.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:22 - “Those who hate H8130 you will be clothed with shame,
And the tent of the wicked will be no longer.”

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 24:60–Job 8:22) Gen 24:60–Job 8:22

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Job 31:29–Pro 11:15

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