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Lexicon :: Strong's H8130 - śānē'

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2272

Strong’s Definitions

שָׂנֵא sânêʼ, saw-nay'; a primitive root; to hate (personally):—enemy, foe, (be) hate(-ful, -r), odious, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 146x

The KJV translates Strong's H8130 in the following manner: hate (136x), enemies (3x), enemy (2x), foes (1x), hateful (1x), miscellaneous (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 146x
The KJV translates Strong's H8130 in the following manner: hate (136x), enemies (3x), enemy (2x), foes (1x), hateful (1x), miscellaneous (3x).
  1. to hate, be hateful

    1. (Qal) to hate

      1. of man

      2. of God

      3. hater, one hating, enemy (participle) (subst)

    2. (Niphal) to be hated

    3. (Piel) hater (participle)

      1. of persons, nations, God, wisdom

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׂנֵא sânêʼ, saw-nay'; a primitive root; to hate (personally):—enemy, foe, (be) hate(-ful, -r), odious, × utterly.
STRONGS H8130: Abbreviations
שָׂנֵא 145 verb hate (Late Hebrew id.; MI4 שנאי my foes; Sabean שנאם foe Sab.Denkm.No. 12, 1. 9 compare Ib.No. 7, 1. 9 CISiv, No. 173, 1. 6; Arabic bdb097103, bdb097104, hate; Aramaic סְנָא, bdb097105, id., סָנְאָה, bdb097106 hater, etc.; Ethiopic hate is bdb097107); —
Qal 128 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׂ׳ Deuteronomy 12:31 +, suffix שְׂנֵאָהּ 2 Samuel 13:15 +; 2nd person masculine singular שָׂנֵאתָ Psalm 5:6 +, suffix שְׂנֵאתַ֫נִי Judges 14:16, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׂנָא Proverbs 13:5; Proverbs 26:28, suffix יִשְׂנָאֶ֑ךָּ Proverbs 9:8, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שִׂנְאוּ Amos 9:15; Psalm 97:10; Infinitive absolute שָׂנאֹ Judges 15:2; construct שְׂנאֹ Genesis 37:5 +, שְׂנאֹת Proverbs 8:13; Participle active שׂנֵא Deuteronomy 4:42 +, שׂנַאֲךָ Exodus 23:5; Proverbs 25:21; plural construct שׂנְאֵי Exodus 18:21 +, etc.; passive feminine singular שְׂנוּאָה Genesis 29:31 +; masculine plural construct שְׂנֻאֵי 2 Samuel 5:8 Qr (> Kt שָֽׂנְאוּ); — hate (often opposed to אָהֵב):
1. human;
a. with accusative of person Genesis 26:27 (J), Genesis 37:5, 8 (E), Judges 11:7; 2 Samuel 13:22; Amos 5:10 (|| תֵּעֵב) + 17 times (evil-doers † Psalm 26:5; Psalm 31:7; Psalm 139:21), + (object wife) Judges 14:16; Judges 15:2 (twice in verse); + passive participle, of wife, † Genesis 29:31 (twice in verse) (J), Deuteronomy 21:15 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 21:16, 17, compare Proverbs 30:23; figurative of Zion Isaiah 60:15 (+ עֲזוּבָה); specifically of sexual revulsion † 2 Samuel 13:15 (twice in verse) (+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb), Deuteronomy 22:13, 16; Deuteronomy 24:3; so, object man (of Jerusalem under figure of harlot) † Ezekiel 16:37; passive שְׂנֻאֵי נֶפֶשׁ דָּוִד 2 Samuel 5:8 (but see obscure); reflexive (accusative נַפְשׁוֺ) † Proverbs 29:24, absolute † Ecclesiastes 3:8.
b. with accusative of thing, Ezekiel 35:6 (but read בְּדָם אָשַׁמְתָּ Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Co Berthol Toy), Ecclesiastes 2:17, 18, especially evil Exodus 18:21 (E), Micah 3:2; Psalm 45:7 + 10 times, virtue, etc. Micah 3:2; Proverbs 1:22 + 4 times
2. subject י׳; object perverse Israel † Amos 6:8 (its palaces), Hosea 9:15; Jeremiah 12:8; wickedness Psalm 5:6; Psalm 11:5; idolatry and evil Amos 5:21; Isaiah 1:14; Isaiah 61:8; Jeremiah 44:4; Malachi 2:16 + 5 times
3. Participle active54 as adjective Isaiah 66:5 (as verb with 1st person singular pronoun Isaiah 61:8, 2 above); usually substantive, Proverbs 13:24 one hating his son (opposed to אֹהֵב); elsewhere = enemy foe (usually construct or with suffix), singular and plural (often || אֹיֵב, sometimes opposed to אֹהֵב): foe of man Exodus 23:5 (E), Genesis 24:60 (J), Leviticus 26:17 (H) +, nation Exodus 1:10 (E), Esther 9:1, 5, 16 +, absolute Proverbs 26:24; Proverbs 27:6, (about 31 times in all); + לֹא שׂנֵא with ל person, a no-hater to one Deuteronomy 4:42; Deuteronomy 19:4, 6; Joshua 20:5, and (without לֹא) Deuteronomy 19:11; foe of good Micah 3:2, compare Job 34:17 + 3 times, of evil † Exodus 18:21; Proverbs 28:1, compare Proverbs 15:27; of suretyship † Proverbs 11:15 (i.e. not giving it); foes of י׳Exodus 20:5 = Deuteronomy 5:9; Deuteronomy 7:10 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 19:2.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׂנֵא Proverbs 14:17 is hated, so Proverbs 14:20 (+ ל person by, see לְ 5d).
Pi. Participle suffix מְשַׂנְאִי Job 31:29; Psalm 55:13; plural construct מְשַׂנְאֵי Psalm 81:16; suffix מְשַׂנְאַי 2 Samuel 22:41 +, etc.; — enemy (Qal 3) || אֹיֵב, צָר, etc.:
3. of wisdom Proverbs 8:36.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8131.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:60; 26:27; 29:31; 29:31; 37:5; 37:5; 37:8


1:10; 18:21; 18:21; 18:21; 20:5; 23:5; 23:5






4:42; 4:42; 5:9; 7:10; 12:31; 19:4; 19:6; 19:11; 21:15; 21:16; 21:17; 22:13; 22:16; 24:3; 32:41; 33:11




11:7; 14:16; 14:16; 15:2; 15:2

2 Samuel

5:8; 5:8; 13:15; 13:15; 13:22; 22:41; 22:41

2 Chronicles



9:1; 9:5; 9:16


31:29; 31:29; 34:17


5:6; 5:6; 11:5; 18:41; 26:5; 31:7; 44:8; 44:11; 45:7; 55:13; 55:13; 68:2; 81:16; 81:16; 83:3; 89:24; 97:10; 139:21; 139:21


1:22; 8:13; 8:36; 9:8; 11:15; 13:5; 13:24; 14:17; 14:20; 15:27; 25:21; 26:24; 26:28; 27:6; 28:1; 29:24; 30:23


2:17; 2:18; 3:8


1:14; 60:15; 61:8; 61:8; 66:5


12:8; 44:4


16:37; 35:6




5:10; 5:21; 6:8; 9:15


3:2; 3:2; 3:2




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8130 matches the Hebrew שָׂנֵא (śānē'),
which occurs 148 times in 139 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 24:60–Job 8:22)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:60 - and they bless Rebekah, and say to her, 'Thou art our sister; become thou thousands of myriads, and thy seed doth possess the gate of those hating it.'
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:27 - and Isaac saith unto them, 'Wherefore have ye come unto me, and ye have hated me, and ye send me away from you?'
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:31 - And Jehovah seeth that Leah is the hated one, and He openeth her womb, and Rachel is barren;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:33 - And she conceiveth again, and beareth a son, and saith, 'Because Jehovah hath heard that I am the hated one, He also giveth to me even this one;' and she calleth his name Simeon.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:4 - and his brethren see that their father hath loved him more than any of his brethren, and they hate him, and have not been able to speak to him peaceably.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:5 - And Joseph dreameth a dream, and declareth to his brethren, and they add still more to hate him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:8 - And his brethren say to him, 'Dost thou certainly reign over us? dost thou certainly rule over us?' and they add still more to hate him, for his dreams, and for his words.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:10 - give help! let us act wisely concerning it, lest it multiply, and it hath come to pass, when war happeneth, that it hath been joined, even it, unto those hating us, and hath fought against us, and hath gone out up of the land.'
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:21 - 'And thou -- thou dost provide out of all the people men of ability, fearing God, men of truth, hating dishonest gain, and hast placed these over them, heads of thousands, heads of hundreds, heads of fifties, and heads of tens,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:5 - Thou dost not bow thyself to them, nor serve them: for I, Jehovah thy God, am a zealous God, charging iniquity of fathers on sons, on the third generation, and on the fourth, of those hating Me,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:5 - when thou seest the ass of him who is hating thee crouching under its burden, then thou hast ceased from leaving it to it -- thou dost certainly leave it with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:17 - 'Thou dost not hate thy brother in thy heart; thou dost certainly reprove thy fellow, and not suffer sin on him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:17 - and I have set My face against you, and ye have been smitten before your enemies; and those hating you have ruled over you, and ye have fled, and there is none pursuing you.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:35 - And it cometh to pass in the journeying of the ark, that Moses saith, 'Rise, O Jehovah, and Thine enemies are scattered, and those hating Thee flee from Thy presence.'
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:42 - for the fleeing thither of the man-slayer, who slayeth his neighbour unknowingly, and he is not hating him heretofore, and he hath fled unto one of these cities, and he hath lived:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:9 - thou dost not bow thyself to them nor serve them, for I Jehovah thy God am a zealous God, charging iniquity of fathers on children, and on a third generation, and on a fourth, to those hating Me;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:10 - and repaying to those hating Him, unto their face, to destroy them; He delayeth not to him who is hating Him -- unto his face, He repayeth to him --
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:15 - and Jehovah hath turned aside from thee every sickness, and none of the evil diseases of Egypt (which thou hast known) doth He put on thee, and He hath put them on all hating thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:31 - 'Thou dost not do so to Jehovah thy God; for every abomination of Jehovah which He is hating they have done to their gods, for even their sons and their daughters they burn with fire to their gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:22 - and thou dost not raise up to thee any standing image which Jehovah thy God is hating.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:4 - 'And this is the matter of the man-slayer who fleeth thither, and hath lived: He who smiteth his neighbour unknowingly, and is not hating him heretofore,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:6 - lest the redeemer of blood pursue after the man-slayer when his heart is hot, and hath overtaken him (because the way is great), and hath smitten him -- the life, and he hath no sentence of death, for he is not hating him heretofore;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:11 - 'And when a man is hating his neighbour, and hath lain in wait for him, and risen against him, and smitten him -- the life, and he hath died, and he hath fled unto one of these cities,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:15 - 'When a man hath two wives, the one loved and the other hated, and they have borne to him sons (the loved one and the hated one), and the first-born son hath been to the hated one;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:16 - then it hath been, in the day of his causing his sons to inherit that which he hath, he is not able to declare first-born the son of the loved one, in the face of the son of the hated one -- the first-born.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:17 - But the first-born, son of the hated one, he doth acknowledge, to give to him a double portion of all that is found with him, for he is the beginning of his strength; to him is the right of the first-born.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:13 - 'When a man taketh a wife, and hath gone in unto her, and hated her,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:16 - and the father of the damsel hath said unto the elders, My daughter I have given to this man for a wife, and he doth hate her;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:3 - and the latter man hath hated her, and written for her a writing of divorce, and given it into her hand, and sent her out of his house, or when the latter man dieth, who hath taken her to himself for a wife:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 30:7 - and Jehovah thy God hath put all this oath on thine enemies, and on those hating thee, who have pursued thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:41 - If I have sharpened the brightness of My sword, And My hand doth lay hold on judgment, I turn back vengeance to Mine adversaries, And to those hating Me -- I repay!
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:11 - Bless, O Jehovah, his strength, And the work of his hands Thou acceptest, Smite the loins of his withstanders, And of those hating him -- that they rise not!
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 20:5 - 'And when the redeemer of blood doth pursue after him, then they do not shut up the man-slayer into his hand, for without knowledge he hath smitten his neighbour, and is not hating him hitherto;
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:7 - And Jephthah saith to the elders of Gilead, 'Have not ye hated me? and ye cast me out from the house of my father, and wherefore have ye come unto me now when ye are in distress?'
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 14:16 - And Samson's wife weepeth for it, and saith, 'Thou hast only hated me, and hast not loved me; the riddle thou hast put forth to the sons of my people -- and to me thou hast not declared it;' and he saith to her, 'Lo, to my father and to my mother I have not declared it -- and to thee I declare it!'
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:2 - and her father saith, I certainly said, that thou didst certainly hate her, and I give her to thy companion; is not her sister -- the young one -- better than she? Let her be, I pray thee, to thee, instead of her.'
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:8 - And David saith on that day, 'Any one smiting the Jebusite, (let him go up by the watercourse), and the lame and the blind -- the hated of David's soul,' -- because the blind and lame say, 'He doth not come into the house.'
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:15 - And Amnon hateth her -- a very great hatred -- that greater is the hatred with which he hath hated her than the love with which he loved her, and Amnon saith to her, 'Rise, go.'
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:22 - and Absalom hath not spoken with Amnon either evil or good, for Absalom is hating Amnon, because that he humbled Tamar his sister.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:6 - to love thine enemies, and to hate those loving thee, for thou hast declared to-day that thou hast no princes and servants, for I have known to-day that if Absalom were alive, and all of us to-day dead, that then it were right in thine eyes.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:18 - He delivereth me from my strong enemy, From those hating me, For they were stronger than I.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:41 - And mine enemies -- Thou givest to me the neck, Those hating me -- and I cut them off.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:8 - And the king of Israel saith unto Jehoshaphat, 'Yet -- one man to seek Jehovah by him, and I have hated him, for he doth not prophesy concerning me good, but evil -- Micaiah son of Imlah;' and Jehoshaphat saith, 'Let not the king say so.'
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 1:11 - And God saith to Solomon, 'Because that this hath been with thy heart, and thou hast not asked riches, wealth, and honour, and the life of those hating thee, and also many days hast not asked, and dost ask for thyself wisdom and knowledge, so that thou dost judge My people over which I have caused thee to reign --
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:7 - And the king of Israel saith unto Jehoshaphat, 'Still -- one man to seek Jehovah from him, and I -- I have hated him, for he is not prophesying concerning me of good, but all his days of evil, he is Micaiah son of Imlah;' and Jehoshaphat saith, 'Let not the king say so.'
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 19:2 - and go out unto his presence doth Jehu son of Hanani, the seer, and saith unto king Jehoshaphat, 'To give help to the wicked, and to those hating Jehovah, dost thou love? and for this against thee is wrath from before Jehovah,
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:1 - And in the twelfth month -- it is the month of Adar -- on the thirteenth day of it, in which the word of the king, even his law, hath come to be done, in the day that the enemies of the Jews had hoped to rule over them, and it is turned that the Jews rule over those hating them --
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:5 - And the Jews smite among all their enemies -- a smiting of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction -- and do with those hating them according to their pleasure,
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:16 - And the rest of the Jews, who are in the provinces of the king, have been assembled, even to stand for their life, and to rest from their enemies, and to slay among those hating them five and seventy thousand, and on the prey they have not put forth their hand;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:22 - Those hating thee do put on shame, And the tent of the wicked is not!

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 24:60–Job 8:22) Gen 24:60–Job 8:22

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Job 31:29–Pro 11:15

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