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Lexicon :: Strong's H8138 - šānâ

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שָׁנָה
Transliteration
šānâ
Pronunciation
shaw-naw'
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2421

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁנָה shânâh, shaw-naw'; a primitive root; to fold, i.e. duplicate (literally or figuratively); by implication, to transmute (transitive or intransitive):—do (speak, strike) again, alter, double, (be given to) change, disguise, (be) diverse, pervert, prefer, repeat, return, do the second time.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x

The KJV translates Strong's H8138 in the following manner: change (7x), second time (3x), again (3x), diverse (2x), alter (1x), disguise (1x), doubled (1x), pervert (1x), preferred (1x), repeateth (1x), miscellaneous (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x
The KJV translates Strong's H8138 in the following manner: change (7x), second time (3x), again (3x), diverse (2x), alter (1x), disguise (1x), doubled (1x), pervert (1x), preferred (1x), repeateth (1x), miscellaneous (1x).
  1. to repeat, do again, change, alter

    1. (Qal) to change

    2. (Niphal) to be repeated

    3. (Piel) to change, alter

    4. (Hithpael) to disguise oneself

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁנָה shânâh, shaw-naw'; a primitive root; to fold, i.e. duplicate (literally or figuratively); by implication, to transmute (transitive or intransitive):—do (speak, strike) again, alter, double, (be given to) change, disguise, (be) diverse, pervert, prefer, repeat, return, do the second time.
STRONGS H8138:
† I. [שָׁנָה] verb change (Late Hebrew Pi., etc.; Ecclus 42:24; etc.; Assyrian šanû, change, Aramaic שְׁנָא, Nabataean Ethpa`al Lzb379; Syriac bdb103903, especially mentally = grow insane; compare (probably) Late Hebrew שָׁנָה year, = Phoenician שנת, שת; MI2, 8 שת; Assyrian šattu (compare Muss-ArnoltJBL xi (1892), 73 n.); Arabic bdb103904; Aramaic שְׁנַא, שַׁתָּא, bdb103905, bdb103906; Old Aramaic, Nabataean, Palmyrene שנתא, שנת, שת, שנן Lzb379f.; on year from changing seasons, see PhilippiZMG xxxii (1878), 79 f. BaZMG xli (1887), 612, 621, 636 (especially against DHMVIme Orient. Congr. ii. 1, 452 who proposes biliteral √), compare Thes; a daring suggestion by JenZA vii (1892), 177); —
Qal Perfect 1st person singular לאֹ שָׁנִיתִי Malachi 3:6 I am י׳, I do not change: Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁנֶא (Ges§ 75 rr) [H8132 Lamentations 4:1] how is the fine gold changed (si vera lectio; LöhrNow יִשָּׁנֵא; gloss on יוּעַס Bu Löhr); Infinitive construct שְׁנוֺת יְמִין עֶלְיוֺן Psalm 77:11 the right hand of the Highest is changed (Syriac Version Vulgate Targum Aq Symm Theod Hup-Now RVm Bae Du We Buhl; AV RV Ew De Che and others years, usually insert I will remember); Participle שׁוֺנִים Esther 1:7 differing, different, with מִן, compare Esther 3:8 (so Ecclus 42:24); Proverbs 24:21 those who change (but dubious, see Toy).
Pi. transitive, change, alter: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שִׁנָּה Jeremiah 52:33 with accusative garments, = שִׁנָּא (Gesl.c.) [H8132 2 Kings 25:29]; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יְשַׁנֶּה דִּין Proverbs 31:5 lest he pervert the judgment; וַיְשַׁנּוֺ 1 Samuel 21:14 (read וַיְשַׁן Ges§ 75bb, וַיְשַׁנֶּה We Dr (and references), compare Bu HPS Now), with accusative טַעְמוֺ (see טַעַם, and Assyrian šanê ṭêmi, madness); וַיְשַׁנֶּהָ Esther 2:9, i.e. changed her place לְטוֺב בֵּית הַנָּשִׁים; 1st person singular Psalm 89:35 the utterance of my lips I will not change (|| לֹא אֲחַלֵּל בְּרִיתִי); Infinitive construct לְשַׁנּוֺת אֶתדַּֿרְכֵךְ Jeremiah 2:36 i.e. change thy political course; בְּשַׁנּוֺתוֺ אֶתֿ טַעְמוֺ Psalm 34:1 (title; compare 1 Samuel 21:14 above); Participle מְשַׁנֶּה פָנָיו Job 14:20 altering his face, i.e. in death (subject God).
Pu. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וְעֹז מָּנָיו יְשֻׁנֶּא (Ges§ 75 rr) [H8132 Ecclesiastes 8:1], usually is changed, mollified, Siegf יִשָּׂנֵא is hated (on עֹז פ׳ see עֹז 4, √עזז).
Hithp. Perfect 2nd person feminine singular consecutive קוּמִי וְהִשְׁתַּנִּית 1 Kings 14:2 arise, pray, and disguise thyself.

† III. שָׁנָה verb repeat, do again (Late Hebrew id.; Ecclus 42:1; Arabic bdb104004 bend, fold, double; Aramaic תְּנָא repeat, also teach, bdb104005; Assyrian šanû, especially Pi. repeat, relate, compare ScheilZA v (1890), 409 (Dl thinks denominative); on שׁ׳ as √of שְׁנַיִם two, see PhilippiZMG xxxii (1878), 77 Baib. xli (1887), 603); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ 2 Samuel 20:10; Imperfect 1st person singular אֶשְׁנֶה 1 Samuel 26:8, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שְׁנוּ 1 Kings 18:34; Participle שֹׁנֶה Proverbs 17:9; Proverbs 26:11; — do again: לוֹ שׁ׳ וְלֹא ֗֗֗ וַיַּכֵּהוּ 2 Samuel 20:10, compare 1 Samuel 26:8; absolute 1 Kings 18:34 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 13:21; = speak again Job 29:22 + Job 40:5 according to many moderns (אשׁנה for MT אענה); בְּדָבָר שׁ׳ Proverbs 17:9 repeat with a thing, keep talking about it (שנות דבר Ecclus 42:1); Proverbs 26:11 a dullard repeats with (ב) his folly, does it over again (learns nothing by experience).
Niph. Infinitive construct פַּעֲמָ֑יִם אֶל־פַּרְעֹה הַחֲלוֺם הִשָּׁנוֺת וְעַל Genesis 41:32 (E) concerning the dream's being repeated, etc.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

41:32

1 Samuel

21:14; 21:14; 26:8; 26:8

2 Samuel

20:10; 20:10

1 Kings

14:2; 18:34; 18:34

Nehemiah

13:21

Esther

1:7; 2:9; 3:8

Job

14:20; 29:22; 40:5

Psalms

34:1; 77:11; 89:35

Proverbs

17:9; 17:9; 24:21; 26:11; 26:11; 31:5

Jeremiah

2:36; 52:33

Malachi

3:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8138 matches the Hebrew שָׁנָה (šānâ),
which occurs 22 times in 21 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:32 - And for that the dream was doubled H8138 unto Pharaoh twice; it is because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:13 - And he changed H8138 his behaviour before them, and feigned himself mad in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his beard.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:8 - Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not smite him the second time. H8138
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:10 - But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth rib, and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; H8138 and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:2 - And Jeroboam said to his wife, Arise, I pray thee, and disguise H8138 thyself, that thou be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam; and get thee to Shiloh: behold, there is Ahijah the prophet, which told me that I should be king over this people.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 18:34 - And he said, Do it the second time. H8138 And they did it the second time. H8138 And he said, Do it the third time. And they did it the third time.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:21 - Then I testified against them, and said unto them, Why lodge ye about the wall? if ye do so again, H8138 I will lay hands on you. From that time forth came they no more on the sabbath.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:7 - And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse H8138 one from another,) and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 2:9 - And the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of him; and he speedily gave her her things for purification, with such things as belonged to her, and seven maidens, which were meet to be given her, out of the king's house: and he preferred H8138 her and her maids unto the best place of the house of the women.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 3:8 - And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse H8138 from all people; neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:20 - Thou prevailest for ever against him, and he passeth: thou changest H8138 his countenance, and sendest him away.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:22 - After my words they spake not again; H8138 and my speech dropped upon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 34:1 - [[A Psalm of David, when he changed H8138 his behaviour before Abimelech; who drove him away, and he departed.]] I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:34 - My covenant will I not break, nor alter H8138 the thing that is gone out of my lips.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:9 - He that covereth a transgression seeketh love; but he that repeateth H8138 a matter separateth very friends.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:21 - My son, fear thou the LORD and the king: and meddle not with them that are given to change: H8138
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 26:11 - As a dog returneth to his vomit, so a fool returneth H8138 to his folly.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 31:5 - Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert H8138 the judgment of any of the afflicted.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:36 - Why gaddest thou about so much to change H8138 thy way? thou also shalt be ashamed of Egypt, as thou wast ashamed of Assyria.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 52:33 - And changed H8138 his prison garments: and he did continually eat bread before him all the days of his life.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:6 - For I am the LORD, I change H8138 not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.

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