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Lexicon :: Strong's H816 - 'āšam

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אָשַׁם
Transliteration
'āšam
Pronunciation
aw-sham'
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 180

Strong’s Definitions

אָשַׁם ʼâsham, aw-sham'; or אָשֵׁם ʼâshêm; a primitive root; to be guilty; by implication to be punished or perish:—× certainly, be(-come, made) desolate, destroy, × greatly, be(-come, found, hold) guilty, offend (acknowledge offence), trespass.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 35x

The KJV translates Strong's H816 in the following manner: guilty (14x), desolate (6x), offend (6x), trespass (4x), certainly (1x), destroy (1x), faulty (1x), greatly (1x), offence (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 35x
The KJV translates Strong's H816 in the following manner: guilty (14x), desolate (6x), offend (6x), trespass (4x), certainly (1x), destroy (1x), faulty (1x), greatly (1x), offence (1x).
  1. to offend, be guilty, trespass

    1. (Qal)

      1. to do wrong, offend, trespass, commit an offense, do injury

      2. to be or become guilty

      3. to be held guilty

      4. to be incriminated

    2. (Niphal) to suffer punishment

    3. (Hiphil) to declare guilty

  2. (TWOT) to be desolate, acknowledge offense

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָשַׁם ʼâsham, aw-sham'; or אָשֵׁם ʼâshêm; a primitive root; to be guilty; by implication to be punished or perish:—× certainly, be(-come, made) desolate, destroy, × greatly, be(-come, found, hold) guilty, offend (acknowledge offence), trespass.
STRONGS H816:
אָשַׁם, אָשֵׁם verb offend, be guilty (Arabic bdb007907, id., bdb112103 sin, offence, bdb007909, bdb007910, requital, fault, guilt, mulct, compare Ethiopic bdb007911) — אָשַׁם Leviticus 5:19; Numbers 5:7; אָשֵׁם Habakkuk 1:11 7 times; אָֽשְׁמָה Numbers 5:6; אָשָׁ֑מְתָּ Proverbs 30:10; אָשַׁמְתְּ Ezekiel 22:4; אָשֵׁ֑מוּ Leviticus 4:13; Imperfect יֶאְשַׁם Hosea 4:15 13 times; Infinitive absolute אָשֹׁם Leviticus 5:19; אָשׁוֺם Ezekiel 25:12; —
1. commit an offence, a trespass, do a wrong, or an injury, with אָשֹׁם אָשַׁם ליהוה ׃לְ he hath done a great wrong to Yahweh (in violating the commands) Leviticus 5:19 (P); וְנָתַן לַאֲשֶׁר אָשַׁם לוֺ and he shall give it (restitution) to him to whom he did wrong Numbers 5:7 (P), compare 2 Chronicles 19:10 (twice in verse); וַיֶאְשְׁמוּ אָשׁוֺם and they committed lasting wrong (irreparable wrong, the Edomites against Judah) Ezekiel 25:12.
2. be or become guilty Judges 21:22; Jeremiah 50:7; Hosea 4:15; Habakkuk 1:11; in offences requiring sin-offering Leviticus 4:13, 22, 27 (P), of trespass-offering Leviticus 5:2, 3, 17; Leviticus 5:23; Numbers 5:6 (P); with ל guilty of Leviticus 5:4, 5 (P), with ב in or through Ezekiel 22:4; Hosea 13:1.
3. be held guilty, bear punishment Psalm 34:22; Psalm 34:23; Proverbs 30:10; Isaiah 24:6; Jeremiah 2:3; Hosea 5:15; Hosea 10:2; Hosea 14:1; Zechariah 11:5; Ezekiel 6:6 (but compare שָׁמֵם).
Niph. נֶאְשָׁמוּ suffer punishment Joel 1:18 (si vera lectio; Me We and others נָשַׁמּוּ, √ שׁמם, compare Dron the passage).
Hiph. Imperfect suffix הַאֲשִׁימֵם declare them guilty Psalm 5:11.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Leviticus

4:13; 4:13; 4:22; 4:27; 5:2; 5:3; 5:4; 5:5; 5:17; 5:19; 5:19; 5:19

Numbers

5:6; 5:6; 5:7; 5:7

Judges

21:22

2 Chronicles

19:10

Psalms

5:11; 34:22

Proverbs

30:10; 30:10

Isaiah

24:6

Jeremiah

2:3; 50:7

Ezekiel

6:6; 22:4; 22:4; 25:12; 25:12

Hosea

4:15; 4:15; 5:15; 10:2; 13:1; 14:1

Joel

1:18

Habakkuk

1:11; 1:11

Zechariah

11:5

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H816 matches the Hebrew אָשַׁם ('āšam),
which occurs 35 times in 32 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:13 - ‘Now if the whole congregation of Israel commits error and the matter [fn]escapes the notice of the assembly, and they commit any of the [fn]things which the LORD has commanded not to be done, and they become H816 guilty; H816
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:22 - ‘When a leader sins and unintentionally does any one of all the [fn]things which the LORD his God has commanded not to be done, and he becomes H816 guilty, H816
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:27 - ‘Now if [fn]anyone of [fn]the common people sins unintentionally in doing any of the [fn]things which the LORD has commanded not to be done, and becomes H816 guilty, H816
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:2 - ‘Or if a person touches any unclean thing, whether a carcass of an unclean beast or the carcass of unclean cattle or a carcass of unclean swarming things, though it is hidden from him and he is unclean, then he will be guilty. H816
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:3 - ‘Or if he touches human uncleanness, of whatever sort his uncleanness may be with which he becomes unclean, and it is hidden from him, and then he comes to know it, he will be guilty. H816
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:4 - ‘Or if a person swears thoughtlessly with his lips to do evil or to do good, in whatever matter a man may speak thoughtlessly with an oath, and it is hidden from him, and then he comes to know it, he will be guilty H816 in one of these.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:5 - ‘So it shall be when he becomes H816 guilty H816 in one of these, that he shall confess that in which he has sinned.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:17 - “Now if a person sins and does any of the things [fn]which the LORD has commanded not to be done, though he was unaware, still he is guilty H816 and shall bear his punishment.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:19 - “It is a guilt offering; he was certainly H816 guilty H816 before the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:4 - then it shall be, when he sins and becomes H816 guilty, H816 that he shall restore what he took by robbery or what he got by extortion, or the deposit which was [fn]entrusted to him or the lost thing which he found,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:6 - “Speak to the sons of Israel, ‘When a man or woman commits any of the sins of mankind, acting unfaithfully against the LORD, and that person is guilty, H816
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:7 - then [fn]he shall confess [fn]his sins which [fn]he has committed, and he shall make restitution in full for his wrong and add to it one-fifth of it, and give it to him whom he has wronged. H816
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:22 - “It shall come about, when their fathers or their brothers come to complain to us, that we shall say to them, ‘Give them to us voluntarily, because we did not take for each man of Benjamin [fn]a wife in battle, [fn]nor did you give them to them, else you would now be guilty.’” H816
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 19:10 - “Whenever any dispute comes to you from your brethren who live in their cities, between blood and blood, between law and commandment, statutes and ordinances, you shall warn them so that they may not be guilty H816 before the LORD, and wrath may not come on you and your brethren. Thus you shall do and you will not be guilty. H816
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 5:10 - Hold H816 them guilty, H816 O God;
By their own devices let them fall!
In the multitude of their transgressions thrust them out,
For they are rebellious against You.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 34:21 - Evil shall slay the wicked,
And those who hate the righteous will be [fn]condemned. H816
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 34:22 - The LORD redeems the soul of His servants,
And none of those who take refuge in Him will be [fn]condemned. H816
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:10 - Do not slander a slave to his master,
Or he will curse you and you will be found H816 guilty. H816
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:6 - Therefore, a curse devours the earth, and those who live in it are held H816 guilty. H816 Therefore, the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men are left.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:3 - “Israel was holy to the LORD,
The first of His harvest.
All who ate of it became H816 guilty; H816
Evil came upon them,” declares the LORD.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:7 - “All who came upon them have devoured them;
And their adversaries have said, ‘We are not guilty, H816
Inasmuch as they have sinned against the LORD who is the habitation of righteousness,
Even the LORD, the hope of their fathers.’
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:6 - “In all your dwellings, cities will become waste and the high places will be desolate, that your altars may become waste and [fn]desolate, H816 your idols may be broken and brought to an end, your incense altars may be cut down, and your works may be blotted out.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 22:4 - “You have become H816 guilty H816 by [fn]the blood which you have shed, and defiled by your idols which you have made. Thus you have brought your [fn]day near and have come to your years; therefore I have made you a reproach to the nations and a mocking to all the lands.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 25:12 - ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “Because Edom has acted against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and has incurred H816 grievous H816 guilt, H816 and avenged themselves upon them,”
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:15 - Though you, Israel, play the harlot,
Do not let Judah become H816 guilty; H816
Also do not go to Gilgal,
Or go up to Beth-aven
And take the oath:
“As the LORD lives!”
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 5:15 - I will go away and return to My place
Until they [fn]acknowledge H816 their guilt H816 and seek My face;
In their affliction they will earnestly seek Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 10:2 - Their heart is [fn]faithless;
Now they must bear H816 their guilt. H816
[fn]The LORD will break down their altars
And destroy their sacred pillars.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 13:1 - When Ephraim [fn]spoke, there was trembling.
He exalted himself in Israel,
But through Baal he [fn]did H816 wrong H816 and died.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 13:16 - [fn]Samaria will be held H816 guilty, H816
For she has rebelled against her God.
They will fall by the sword,
Their little ones will be dashed in pieces,
And their pregnant women will be ripped open.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:18 - How the beasts groan!
The herds of cattle wander aimlessly
Because there is no pasture for them;
Even the flocks of sheep [fn]suffer. H816
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 1:11 - “Then they will sweep through like the wind and pass on.
But they will be held H816 guilty, H816
They whose strength is their god.”
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 11:5 - “Those who buy them slay them and [fn]go H816 unpunished, H816 and each of those who sell them says, ‘Blessed be the LORD, for I have become rich!’ And their own shepherds have no pity on them.

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