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Lexicon :: Strong's H817 - 'āšām

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אָשָׁם
Transliteration
'āšām
Pronunciation
aw-shawm'
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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 180b

Strong’s Definitions

אָשָׁם ʼâshâm, aw-shawm'; from H816; guilt; by implication, a fault; also a sin-offering:—guiltiness, (offering for) sin, trespass (offering).


KJV Translation Count — Total: 46x

The KJV translates Strong's H817 in the following manner: trespass offering (34x), trespass (8x), offering for sin (1x), sin (2x), guiltiness (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 46x
The KJV translates Strong's H817 in the following manner: trespass offering (34x), trespass (8x), offering for sin (1x), sin (2x), guiltiness (1x).
  1. guilt, offense, sin, guiltiness

    1. offense, sin, trespass, fault

    2. guilt, guiltiness

    3. compensation (for offense)

    4. trespass or sin offering

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָשָׁם ʼâshâm, aw-shawm'; from H816; guilt; by implication, a fault; also a sin-offering:—guiltiness, (offering for) sin, trespass (offering).
STRONGS H817:
אָשָׁם noun masculine offence, guiltא׳ Genesis 26:10 37 times, suffix אֲשָׁמוֺ Numbers 5:7 7 times; —
1. offence, trespass, fault Psalm 68:22 (guiltiness RV).
3. compensation, לְהָשִׁיב הָאָשָׁם אֵלָיו to whom to return the compensation (or satisfaction for injury) Numbers 5:7, 8 (P; restitution for guilt RV).
4. trespass-offering (AV, but guilt-offering RV) used only in Leviticus 5; Leviticus 6:10; Leviticus 7:1; Leviticus 14:1; Leviticus 19:21, 22; Numbers 5:1; Numbers 6:12; Numbers 18:9 (P), & Ezekiel 40:39; Ezekiel 42:13; Ezekiel 44:29; Ezekiel 46:20, compare Ezra 10:19. This offering seems to have been confined to offences against God or man that could be estimated and so covered by compensation. The ordinary trespass-offering was a ram, together with restitution and a penalty of a fifth of its value. The trespass-offerings of the leper and Nazirite were he-lambs Leviticus 14 Numbers 6:12; if the person who suffered wrong or his kinsmen were not living the fine went to the priests. The victims were offered, the blood and fat pieces going to the altar, the skin and flesh to the priests. There seems to have been no application of the blood to the horns of the altar (the chief ceremony of the sin-offering) because the guilt was not expiated at the altar but by compensation to the wronged person or his representative. A part of the blood of the leper's trespass-offering was applied to his person to consecrate him (as in the case of the ram of consecration to consecrate the priests Leviticus 8:23). The trespass-offering is unknown to J E D and the older Hebrew literature. However, the Philistines send an אשׁם of golden mice and tumours 1 Samuel 6:3, 4, 8, 17, and an אשׁם of money was given to the priests 2 Kings 12:17, but these are entirely different from the trespass-offering of P. The Messianic servant offers himself as an אשׁם in compensation for the sins of the people, interposing for them as their substitute Isaiah 53:10 (incorrectly, sin-offering AV RV). See further OehlerOT Theol. § 137 Di Leviticus 5:14.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

26:10; 26:10

Leviticus

5; 5:14; 6:10; 7:1; 8:23; 14; 14:1; 19:21; 19:22

Numbers

5:1; 5:7; 5:7; 5:8; 6:12; 6:12; 18:9

1 Samuel

6:3; 6:4; 6:8; 6:17

2 Kings

12:17

Ezra

10:19

Psalms

68:22

Proverbs

14:9

Isaiah

53:10

Jeremiah

51:5

Ezekiel

40:39; 42:13; 44:29; 46:20

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H817 matches the Hebrew אָשָׁם ('āšām),
which occurs 46 times in 41 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:10 - Abimelech said, “What is this you have done to us? One of the people might easily have lain with your wife, and you would have brought guilt H817 upon us.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:6 - ‘He shall also bring his guilt H817 offering H817 to the LORD for his sin which he has [fn]committed, a female from the flock, a lamb or a [fn]goat as a sin offering. So the priest shall make atonement on his behalf for his sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:7 - ‘But if [fn]he cannot afford a lamb, then he shall bring to the LORD his guilt H817 offering H817 for that in which he has sinned, two turtledoves or two young pigeons, one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:15 - “If a person acts unfaithfully and sins unintentionally against the LORDS holy things, then he shall bring his guilt H817 offering H817 to the LORD: a ram without defect from the flock, according to your valuation in silver by shekels, in terms of the shekel of the sanctuary, for a guilt H817 offering. H817
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:16 - “He shall make restitution for that which he has sinned against the holy thing, and shall add to it a fifth part of it and give it to the priest. The priest shall then make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt H817 offering, H817 and it will be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:18 - “He is then to bring to the priest a ram without defect from the flock, according to your valuation, for a guilt H817 offering. H817 So the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his error in which he sinned unintentionally and did not know it, and it will be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:19 - “It is a guilt H817 offering; H817 he was certainly guilty before the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:6 - “Then he shall bring to the priest his guilt H817 offering H817 to the LORD, a ram without defect from the flock, according to your valuation, for a guilt H817 offering, H817
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:17 - ‘It shall not be baked with leaven. I have given it as their share from My offerings by fire; it is most holy, like the sin offering and the guilt H817 offering. H817
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:1 - ‘Now this is the law of the guilt H817 offering; H817 it is most holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:2 - ‘In the place where they slay the burnt offering they are to slay the guilt H817 offering, H817 and he shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:5 - ‘The priest shall offer them up in smoke on the altar as an offering by fire to the LORD; it is a guilt H817 offering. H817
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:7 - ‘The guilt H817 offering H817 is like the sin offering, there is one law for them; the priest who makes atonement with it [fn]shall have it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:37 - This is the law of the burnt offering, the grain offering and the sin offering and the guilt H817 offering H817 and the ordination offering and the sacrifice of peace offerings,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:12 - “Then the priest shall take the one male lamb and bring it for a guilt H817 offering, H817 with the [fn]log of oil, and present them as a wave offering before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:13 - “Next he shall slaughter the male lamb in the place where they slaughter the sin offering and the burnt offering, at the place of the sanctuary—for the guilt H817 offering, H817 like the sin offering, belongs to the priest; it is most holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:14 - “The priest shall then take some of the blood of the guilt H817 offering, H817 and the priest shall put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:17 - “Of the remaining oil which is in his palm, the priest shall put some on the right ear lobe of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the blood of the guilt H817 offering; H817
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:21 - “But if he is poor and his [fn]means are insufficient, then he is to take one male lamb for a guilt H817 offering H817 as a wave offering to make atonement for him, and one-tenth of an [fn]ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, and a [fn]log of oil,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:24 - “The priest shall take the lamb of the guilt H817 offering H817 and the [fn]log of oil, and the priest shall offer them for a wave offering before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:25 - “Next he shall slaughter the lamb of the guilt H817 offering; H817 and the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt H817 offering H817 and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:28 - “The priest shall then put some of the oil that is in his palm on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the guilt H817 offering. H817
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:21 - ‘He shall bring his guilt H817 offering H817 to the LORD to the doorway of the tent of meeting, a ram for a guilt H817 offering. H817
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:22 - ‘The priest shall also make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt H817 offering H817 before the LORD for his sin which he has committed, and the sin which he has committed will be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:7 - then [fn]he shall confess [fn]his sins which [fn]he has committed, and he shall make restitution in full for his wrong H817 and add to it one-fifth of it, and give it to him whom he has wronged.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:8 - ‘But if the man has no [fn]relative to whom restitution may be made for the wrong, H817 the restitution which is made for the wrong H817 must go to the LORD for the priest, besides the ram of atonement, by which atonement is made for him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 6:12 - and shall dedicate to the LORD his days [fn]as a [fn]Nazirite, and shall bring a male lamb a year old for a guilt H817 offering; H817 but the former days will be void because his separation was defiled.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 18:9 - “This shall be yours from the most holy gifts reserved from the fire; every offering of theirs, even every grain offering and every sin offering and every guilt H817 offering, H817 which they shall render to Me, shall be most holy for you and for your sons.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 6:3 - They said, “If you send away the ark of the God of Israel, do not send it empty; but you shall surely return to Him a guilt H817 offering. H817 Then you will be healed and it will be known to you why His hand is not removed from you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 6:4 - Then they said, “What shall be the guilt H817 offering H817 which we shall return to Him?” And they said, “Five golden tumors and five golden mice according to the number of the lords of the Philistines, for one plague was on all of [fn]you and on your lords.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 6:8 - “Take the ark of the LORD and place it on the cart; and put the articles of gold which you return to Him as a guilt H817 offering H817 in a box by its side. Then send it away that it may go.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 6:17 - These are the golden tumors which the Philistines returned for a guilt H817 offering H817 to the LORD: one for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for Ashkelon, one for Gath, one for Ekron;
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 12:16 - The money from the guilt H817 offerings H817 and the money from the sin offerings was not brought into the house of the LORD; it was for the priests.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 68:21 - Surely God will shatter the head of His enemies,
The hairy crown of him who goes on in his guilty H817 deeds. H817
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:9 - Fools mock at [fn]sin, H817
But among the upright there is [fn]good will.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 53:10 - But the LORD was pleased
To crush Him, [fn]putting Him to grief;
If [fn]He would render Himself as a guilt H817 offering, H817
He will see His [fn]offspring,
He will prolong His days,
And the [fn]good pleasure of the LORD will prosper in His hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:5 - For neither Israel nor Judah has been [fn]forsaken
By his God, the LORD of hosts,
Although their land is full of guilt H817
[fn]Before the Holy One of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 40:39 - In the porch of the gate were two tables on each side, on which to slaughter the burnt offering, the sin offering and the guilt H817 offering. H817
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 42:13 - Then he said to me, “The north chambers and the south chambers, which are opposite the separate area, they are the holy chambers where the priests who are near to the LORD shall eat the most holy things. There they shall lay the most holy things, the grain offering, the sin offering and the guilt H817 offering; H817 for the place is holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 44:29 - “They shall eat the grain offering, the sin offering and the guilt H817 offering; H817 and every [fn]devoted thing in Israel shall be theirs.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 46:20 - He said to me, “This is the place where the priests shall boil the guilt H817 offering H817 and the sin offering and where they shall bake the grain offering, in order that they may not bring them out into the outer court to transmit holiness to the people.”

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