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Lexicon :: Strong's H8184 - śᵊʿōrâ

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From שָׂעַר (H8175) in the sense of roughness
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2274f

Strong’s Definitions

שְׂעֹרָה sᵉʻôrâh, seh-o-raw'; or שְׂעוֹרָה sᵉʻôwrâh (feminine meaning the plant); and (masculine meaning the grain); also שְׂעֹר sᵉʻôr; or שְׂעוֹר sᵉʻôwr; from H8175 in the sense of roughness; barley (as villose):—barley.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x

The KJV translates Strong's H8184 in the following manner: barley (34x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x
The KJV translates Strong's H8184 in the following manner: barley (34x).
  1. barley

    1. barley (of the plant)

    2. barley (of the meal or grain)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שְׂעֹרָה sᵉʻôrâh, seh-o-raw'; or שְׂעוֹרָה sᵉʻôwrâh (feminine meaning the plant); and (masculine meaning the grain); also שְׂעֹר sᵉʻôr; or שְׂעוֹר sᵉʻôwr; from H8175 in the sense of roughness; barley (as villose):—barley.
STRONGS H8184: Abbreviations
שְׂעֹרָה noun feminine barley (bearded grain; Greek Version of the LXX κριθή, Vulgate hordeum; Late Hebrew id.; Sabean שערם Glas in FellZMG liv (1900), 256, Arabic bdb097212; Old Aramaic שערה, Targum סְעָרְתָא, Syriac bdb097213; Di260 compare Ethiopic bdb097214 wheat, grain); — absolute שׂ׳ Exodus 9:31 +; usually plural שְׂעֹרִים Hosea 3:2 +; — barley, common grain (often || חִטָּה, etc.):
1. growing, standing, singular Exodus 9:31 (twice in verse) (J), Deuteronomy 8:8; Job 31:40; Job 1:11, as sown Isaiah 28:25; standing, plural 2 Samuel 14:30 שְׂעוֺ׳ 1 Chronicles 11:13, reaped קְצִיר (הַ)שְׂעֹרִים 2 Samuel 21:9; Ruth 1:22; Ruth 2:23, גֹּרֶן הַשּׂ׳ Ruth 3:2.
2. plural, the grains, measured, cooked, etc.: Hosea 3:2 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 4:9; Ezekiel 13:19; Ezekiel 45:13; 2 Kings 7:1, 16, 18; Jeremiah 41:8; 2 Chronicles 2:9; 2 Chronicles 2:14; 2 Chronicles 27:5; Ruth 2:17; Ruth 3:15, 17; 2 Samuel 17:28; 1 Kings 5:8 (food for horses); זֶרַע חֹמֶר שׂ׳ Leviticus 27:16 (P); קֶמַח שׂ׳ Numbers 5:15, לֶחֶם שׂ׳ Judges 7:13; 2 Kings 4:42, עֻגַת שׂ׳ Ezekiel 4:12.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


9:31; 9:31










1:22; 2:17; 2:23; 3:2; 3:15; 3:17

2 Samuel

14:30; 17:28; 21:9

1 Kings


2 Kings

4:42; 7:1; 7:16; 7:18

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

2:9; 2:14; 27:5


1:11; 31:40






4:9; 4:12; 13:19; 45:13


3:2; 3:2


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8184 matches the Hebrew שְׂעֹרָה (śᵊʿōrâ),
which occurs 34 times in 32 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:31 - (Now the flax and the barley H8184 were [fn]ruined, for the barley H8184 was in the ear and the flax was in bud.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 27:16 - ‘Again, if someone consecrates to the LORD part of the field of his own property, then your assessment shall be [fn]proportionate to the seed needed for it: a [fn]homer of barley H8184 seed at fifty shekels of silver.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:15 - the man shall then bring his wife to the priest, and shall bring as [fn]an offering for her a tenth of an [fn]ephah of barley H8184 meal; he shall not pour oil on it nor put frankincense on it, because it is a grain offering of jealousy, a grain offering of reminder, a reminder of wrongdoing.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:8 - a land of wheat and barley H8184, of vines, fig trees, and pomegranates, a land of olive oil and honey;
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:13 - When Gideon came, behold, a man was relating a dream to his friend. And he said, “Behold, I [fn]had a dream; [fn]a loaf of barley H8184 bread was tumbling into the camp of Midian, and it came to the tent and struck it so that it fell, and turned it [fn]upside down so that the tent collapsed.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 1:22 - So Naomi returned, and with her Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, who returned from the land of Moab. And they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley H8184 harvest.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:17 - So she gleaned in the field until evening. Then she beat out what she had gleaned, and it was about an [fn]ephah of barley H8184.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:23 - So she stayed close by the young women of Boaz in order to glean until the end of the barley H8184 harvest and the wheat harvest. And she lived with her mother-in-law.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:2 - “Now then, is Boaz not our relative, with whose young women you were? Behold, he is winnowing barley H8184 at the threshing floor tonight.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:15 - Again he said, “Give me the shawl that is on you and hold it.” So she held it, and he measured six measures of barley H8184 and laid it on her. Then [fn]she went into the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:17 - She also said, “These six measures of barley H8184 he gave to me, for he said, ‘Do not go to your mother-in-law empty-handed.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:30 - Therefore he said to his servants, “See, Joab’s plot is next to mine, and he has barley H8184 there; go and set it on fire.” So Absalom’s servants set the plot on fire.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:28 - brought beds, basins, pottery, wheat, barley H8184, flour, roasted grain, beans, lentils, roasted seeds,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:9 - Then he handed them over to the Gibeonites, and they [fn]hanged them on the mountain before the LORD, so that the seven of them fell together; and they were put to death in the first days of harvest at the beginning of barley H8184 harvest.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 4:28 - They also brought barley H8184 and straw for the war horses and baggage horses to the place where it was required, each deputy according to his duty.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:42 - Now a man came from Baal-shalishah, and brought the man of God bread of the first fruits, twenty loaves of barley H8184 and fresh grain in his sack. And Elisha said, “Give them to the people that they may eat.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 7:1 - Then Elisha said, “Listen to the word of the LORD; this is what the LORD says: ‘About this time tomorrow a [fn]measure of fine flour will be sold for a shekel, and two measures of barley H8184 for a shekel, at the gate of Samaria.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 7:16 - So the people went out and plundered the camp of the Arameans. Then a [fn]measure of fine flour was sold for a shekel, and two [fn]measures of barley H8184 for a shekel, in accordance with the word of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 7:18 - So it happened just as the man of God had spoken to the king, saying, “Two [fn]measures of barley H8184 for a shekel and a [fn]measure of fine flour for a shekel, will be sold about this time tomorrow at the gate of Samaria.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 11:13 - He was with David at [fn]Pas-dammim when the Philistines were gathered together there to battle, and there was a plot of land full of barley H8184; and the people fled from the Philistines.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 2:10 - “Now behold, I will give your servants, the woodsmen who cut the timber, [fn]twenty thousand kors of crushed wheat, twenty thousand kors of barley H8184, [fn]twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 2:15 - “Now then, let my lord send his servants wheat and barley H8184, oil and wine, of which he has spoken.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 27:5 - He fought with the king of the Ammonites and prevailed over them so that during that year the Ammonites gave him [fn]a hundred talents of silver, [fn]ten thousand kors of wheat, and ten thousand of barley H8184. The Ammonites also paid him this amount in the second year and in the third.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:40 - May the thorn-bush [fn]grow instead of wheat,
And stinkweed instead of barley H8184.”
The words of Job are ended.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:25 - Does he not level its surface
And sow dill and scatter cumin
And [fn]plant wheat in rows,
Barley H8184 in its place and rye within its [fn]area?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:8 - But ten men who were found among them said to Ishmael, “Do not put us to death, for we have supplies of wheat, barley H8184, oil, and honey hidden in the field.” So he refrained and did not put them to death along with their companions.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 4:9 - “But as for you, take wheat, barley H8184, beans, lentils, millet, and spelt, and put them in one vessel and make them into bread for yourself; you shall eat it according to the number of the days that you lie on your side, 390 days.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 4:12 - “You shall eat it as a barley H8184 cake, having baked it in their sight over human dung.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:19 - “For handfuls of barley H8184 and pieces of bread, you have profaned Me to My people, to put to death [fn]some who should not die, and to keep [fn]others alive who should not live, by your lying to My people who listen to lies.”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 45:13 - “This is the offering that you shall offer: a sixth of an ephah from each homer of wheat; a sixth of an ephah from each homer of barley H8184;
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 3:2 - So I purchased her for myself for fifteen shekels of silver, and a [fn]homer and a [fn]lethech of barley H8184.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:11 - Be ashamed, you farm workers,
Wail, you vinedressers,
For the wheat and the barley H8184;
Because the harvest of the field is destroyed.
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