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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H8213 - šāp̄ēl

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2445

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁפֵל shâphêl, shaw-fale'; a primitive root; to depress or sink (especially figuratively, to humiliate, intransitive or transitive):—abase, bring (cast, put) down, debase, humble (self), be (bring, lay, make, put) low(-er).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x

The KJV translates Strong's H8213 in the following manner: ...low (10x), ...down (8x), humble (7x), abase (2x), debase (1x), put lower (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x
The KJV translates Strong's H8213 in the following manner: ...low (10x), ...down (8x), humble (7x), abase (2x), debase (1x), put lower (1x).
  1. to be or become low, sink, be humbled, be abased

    1. (Qal) to be or become low

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to lay or bring low, humiliate

      2. to set in a lower place, show abasement

      3. to make low, sit down

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁפֵל shâphêl, shaw-fale'; a primitive root; to depress or sink (especially figuratively, to humiliate, intransitive or transitive):—abase, bring (cast, put) down, debase, humble (self), be (bring, lay, make, put) low(-er).
STRONGS H8213: Abbreviations
שָׁפֵל verb be or become low, be abased (Late Hebrew, derived species; Assyrian šapâlu, derived species and derivatives; Sabean ספל noun humility or lowland DHMxxix (1875), 604; Arabic bdb105001, bdb105002, bdb105003 be low (LagBN 48); Aramaic שְׁפַל, bdb105004 (derived species)); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Isaiah 2:11; 2nd person feminine singular וְשָׁפַלְתְּ Isaiah 29:4, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּשְׁפַּל Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15; 3rd person feminine plural תִּשְׁפַּלְנָה Isaiah 5:15, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׁפַל Ecclesiastes 12:4; Proverbs 16:19, see below; —
1. all Isaiah: become (be brought, laid) low, of trees Isaiah 10:33 (|| גְּדֻעִים), mountains Isaiah 40:4 (opposed to נִשָּׂא), of כָּלנִֿשָּׂא Isaiah 2:12 (but read, for שׁ׳, נִשְׂגָּב [Kohler], or גָּבֹהַּ [Lag], so Du CheHpt Di-Kit Marti); figurative be humiliated, of man Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15, his loftiness Isaiah 2:17, haughty eyes Isaiah 2:11 (all || שָׁחַח), Isaiah 5:15; of city Isaiah 32:19; as helping verb (= adverb) מֵאֶרֶץ וְשׁ׳ תְּדַבֵּ֑רִי Isaiah 29:4 thou shalt speak low out of the ground (Ges§ 120g; || מֵעָפָר תִּשַׁח אִמְרָתֵךְ).
2. שְׁפַלרֿוּחַ Proverbs 16:9 to be lowly of spirit, so Buhl SS Toy and others; Thes Rob Ges and others below שָׁפָל.
3. of sound Ecclesiastes 12:4.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁפִּיל Isaiah 25:12, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁפִּיל Psalm 75:8, suffix יַשְׁפִּילָהּ יַשְׁפִּילֶנָּה Isaiah 26:5 (but 2nd verb probably doublet), etc.; Imperative masculine plural (suffix) (הוּ) הַשְׁפִּילֵ Job 40:11; Jeremiah 13:18; Infinitive construct suffix הַשְׁפִּילְךָ Proverbs 25:7 (Ezek 21:31 read absolute הַשְׁפֵּיל, || הַגְבֵּהַּ, so Co Krae Ges§ 113bb R. 3); Participle מַשְׁפִּיל 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 147:6; מַשְׁפִּילִי (Ges§ 90 l) Psalm 113:6; —
1. usually figurative, י׳ subject, lay low, tree Ezekiel 17:24 (opposed to הִגְבַּהְתִּי); city Isaiah 26:5 (|| הֵשַׁח); fortress Isaiah 25:12 (+ הֵשַׁח; Du thinks doublet of Isaiah 26:5); humiliate pride Isaiah 26:11; Isaiah 13:11, compare Job 40:11; object עֵינַיִם רָמוֺת Psalm 18:28, so read also || 2 Samuel 22:28, אַףמְֿרוֺמֵם מַשׁ׳ י׳ 1 Samuel 2:7, רְשָׁעִים Psalm 147:6; וְזֶה יָרִים זֶה יַשׁ׳ Psalm 75:8, compare Ezekiel 21:31.
2. human subject set one in a lower place Proverbs 25:7; subject human pride Proverbs 29:23; declar. Isaiah 57:9 thou didst shew abasement עַדשְֿׁאוֺל.
3. as helping verb: + verb coordinate, שֵׁ֑בוּ הַשׁ׳ Jeremiah 13:18 make low, sit down = take a low seat (Ges§ 120 g); + infinitive לִרְאוֺת מַשׁ׳ Psalm 113:6 he who maketh low to look upon heaven and earth (i.e. י׳; || הַמַּגְבִּיתִי לָשָׁ֑בֶת Psalm 113:5; Ges§ 114 m). — גֵּוָה וַתּאֹמֶר הִשְׁפִּילוּ Job 22:29 is dubious; || יוֺשִׁעַ favours אֱלוֺהַּ as subject, which Bu conjecture For וַתּאֹ׳, read then הִשְׁמִּיל, א׳ hath abased pride, so (in part) Du; > they cast (thee) down (RV); men are cast down (הִשׁ׳ intransitive; AV, compare LagBN 121); (thy ways) are brought low (Ew De Di).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8214.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

1 Samuel

2:7; 2:7

2 Samuel



22:29; 40:11; 40:11


18:28; 75:8; 75:8; 113:5; 113:6; 113:6; 147:6; 147:6


16:9; 16:19; 25:7; 25:7; 29:23


12:4; 12:4


2:9; 2:9; 2:11; 2:11; 2:12; 2:17; 5:15; 5:15; 5:15; 5:15; 10:33; 13:11; 25:12; 25:12; 26:5; 26:5; 26:5; 26:11; 29:4; 29:4; 32:19; 40:4; 57:9


13:18; 13:18


17:24; 21:31; 21:31

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8213 matches the Hebrew שָׁפֵל (šāp̄ēl),
which occurs 29 times in 27 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:7 - The LORD maketh poor, and maketh rich: he bringeth low, H8213 and lifteth up.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:28 - And the afflicted people thou wilt save: but thine eyes are upon the haughty, that thou mayest bring them down. H8213
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:29 - When men are cast down, H8213 then thou shalt say, There is lifting up; and he shall save the humble person.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 40:11 - Cast abroad the rage of thy wrath: and behold every one that is proud, and abase H8213 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:27 - For thou wilt save the afflicted people; but wilt bring down H8213 high looks.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 75:7 - But God is the judge: he putteth down H8213 one, and setteth up another.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 113:6 - Who humbleth H8213 himself to behold the things that are in heaven, and in the earth!
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 147:6 - The LORD lifteth up the meek: he casteth H8213  the wicked down H8213 to the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:7 - For better it is that it be said unto thee, Come up hither; than that thou shouldest be put lower H8213 in the presence of the prince whom thine eyes have seen.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 29:23 - A man's pride shall bring him low: H8213 but honour shall uphold the humble in spirit.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:9 - And the mean man boweth down, and the great man humbleth H8213 himself: therefore forgive them not.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:11 - The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, H8213 and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:12 - For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; and he shall be brought low: H8213
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:17 - And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be made low: H8213 and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:15 - And the mean man shall be brought down, and the mighty man shall be humbled, H8213 and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled: H8213
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:33 - Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high ones of stature shall be hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled. H8213
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:11 - And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low H8213 the haughtiness of the terrible.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 25:11 - And he shall spread forth his hands in the midst of them, as he that swimmeth spreadeth forth his hands to swim: and he shall bring down H8213 their pride together with the spoils of their hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 25:12 - And the fortress of the high fort of thy walls shall he bring down, lay low, H8213 and bring to the ground, even to the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 26:5 - For he bringeth down them that dwell on high; the lofty city, he layeth it low; H8213 he layeth it low, H8213 even to the ground; he bringeth it even to the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:4 - And thou shalt be brought down, H8213 and shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 32:19 - When it shall hail, coming down on the forest; and the city shall be low H8213 in a low place.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:4 - Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: H8213 and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:9 - And thou wentest to the king with ointment, and didst increase thy perfumes, and didst send thy messengers far off, and didst debase H8213 thyself even unto hell.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 13:18 - Say unto the king and to the queen, Humble H8213 yourselves, sit down: for your principalities shall come down, even the crown of your glory.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:24 - And all the trees of the field shall know that I the LORD have brought down H8213 the high tree, have exalted the low tree, have dried up the green tree, and have made the dry tree to flourish: I the LORD have spoken and have done it.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:26 - Thus saith the Lord GOD; Remove the diadem, and take off the crown: this shall not be the same: exalt him that is low, and abase H8213 him that is high.
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