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Lexicon :: Strong's H8334 - šāraṯ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2472

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁרַת shârath, shaw-rath'; a primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively, to contribute to:—minister (unto), (do) serve(-ant, -ice, -itor), wait on.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 97x

The KJV translates Strong's H8334 in the following manner: minister (v) (62x), minister (n) (17x), serve (8x), servant (5x), service (3x), servitor (1x), waited (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 97x
The KJV translates Strong's H8334 in the following manner: minister (v) (62x), minister (n) (17x), serve (8x), servant (5x), service (3x), servitor (1x), waited (1x).
  1. (Piel) to minister, serve, minister to

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁרַת shârath, shaw-rath'; a primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively, to contribute to:—minister (unto), (do) serve(-ant, -ice, -itor), wait on.
STRONGS H8334: Abbreviations
[שָׁרַת]97 verb Pi. minister, serve (compare Late Hebrew שֵׁרוּת (temple-)ministry, Phoenician משרת ministry, and perhaps verb שרת minister); —
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שֵׁרֵת Numbers 8:26; Deuteronomy 18:7; 3rd person masculine plural שֵׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:6; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיְשָׁ֫רֶת Genesis 39:4, 3rd person masculine plural יְשָֽׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:31 +, etc.; Infinitive construct לְשָׁרֵת Exodus 28:35 +, לְשָׁ֫רֶת שָׁם Deuteronomy 17:12, etc.; Participle מְשָׁרֵת Numbers 11:28 + (2 Samuel 13:9 see מַשְׂרֵת, p. 602:a), feminine מְשָׁרַת 1 Kings 1:15, etc.; — serve:
1. of ministerial service (opposed tomenial, עבד):
a. higher domestic service: Joseph Genesis 39:4; Genesis 40:4 (JE), Elisha's chief servant 2 Kings 4:43; 2 Kings 6:15, royal domestics 2 Samuel 13:17, 18; 1 Kings 10:5; 2 Chronicles 9:4; Esther 2:2; Esther 6:3, Abishag 1 Kings 1:4, 15.
c. Joshua as chief assistant to Moses Exodus 24:13; Exodus 33:11 (E), Numbers 11:28 (J), Joshua 1:1 (D), Elisha to Elijah 1 Kings 19:21.
d. of angels to י׳ Psalm 103:21, compare Psalm 104:4.
e. of kings of nations in prophets Isaiah 60:10.
2. usually of special service in worship:
a. of Levitical priests, absolute 1 Kings 8:11 2 Chronicles 5:14; with accusative י׳ Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 17:12; Deuteronomy 21:5; Jeremiah 33:21מְשָֽׁרְתֵי אֹתִי Jeremiah 33:22; also Isaiah 60:7 of animals put figurative for those sacrificing them; of foreigners admitted to priesthood Isaiah 61:6, compare Isaiah 56:6; so probably Samuel conceived as priest 1 Samuel 2:11; 1 Samuel 3:1, את פני י׳ 1 Samuel 2:18 (פני probably accusative, compare Greek Version of the LXX τῷ προσώπῳ 1 Samuel 2:11), בְּשֵׁם י׳ שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 18:5, 7.
b. Levites (P, and late); with accusative of Aaronic priests Numbers 3:6; Numbers 8:26; Numbers 18:2, with accusative of י׳ 1 Chronicles 15:2; 2 Chronicles 29:11 a; probably also in reference to Levitical singer Psalm 101:6; with accusative tabernacle Numbers 1:50 (P), congregation Numbers 16:9 (P), people Ezekiel 44:11 + Ezekiel 44:12 (of idolatry); absolute 1 Chronicles 16:4; 2 Chronicles 23:6; 29:11; b 2 Chronicles 31:2; Ezra 8:17 (participle as substantive, ministers); לִפְנֵי שׁ׳ אֲרוֺן בְּרִית י׳ 1 Chronicles 16:37, נֶגֶד הַכֹּהֲנִים שׁ׳ 2 Chronicles 8:14; שׁ׳ with ב location 1 Chronicles 26:12; especially with בְּ, of sacred vessels Numbers 3:31; Numbers 4:9, 12, 14; 2 Kings 25:14 = Jeremiah 52:18; בַּשִּׁיר 1 Chronicles 6:17.
c. Zadokite priests (Ezekiel), absolute Ezekiel 42:14 + 3 times, with accusative י׳ Ezekiel 40:48 + 4 times, construct מְשָׁרֲתֵי before sacred place Ezekiel 45:4, 5; Ezekiel 46:24.
d. Aaronic priests, absolute Exodus 28:35 + 4 times P; with accusative י׳ 1 Chronicles 23:13; לי׳ 2 Chronicles 13:10; מְשָֽׁרְתֵי י׳ Joel 1:9, 13; Joel 2:17, מְשָֽׁרְתֵי מזבח Joel 1:13, with בַּקֹּדֶשׁ Exodus 28:43 + 4 times P.
e. of idolatry, with accusative עץ ואבן Ezekiel 20:32.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


39:4; 39:4; 40:4


24:13; 28:35; 28:35; 28:43; 33:11


1:50; 3:6; 3:6; 3:31; 3:31; 4:9; 4:12; 4:14; 8:26; 8:26; 11:28; 11:28; 16:9; 18:2


10:8; 17:12; 17:12; 18:5; 18:7; 18:7; 21:5



1 Samuel

2:11; 2:11; 2:18; 3:1

2 Samuel

13:9; 13:17; 13:18

1 Kings

1:4; 1:15; 1:15; 8:11; 10:5; 19:21

2 Kings

4:43; 6:15; 25:14

1 Chronicles

6:17; 15:2; 16:4; 16:37; 23:13; 26:12; 27:1; 28:1

2 Chronicles

5:14; 8:14; 9:4; 13:10; 17:19; 22:8; 23:6; 29:11; 29:11; 31:2




1:10; 2:2; 6:3


101:6; 103:21; 104:4




56:6; 60:7; 60:10; 61:6


33:21; 33:22; 52:18


20:32; 40:48; 42:14; 44:11; 44:12; 45:4; 45:5; 46:24


1:9; 1:13; 1:13; 2:17

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8334 matches the Hebrew שָׁרַת (šāraṯ),
which occurs 98 times in 92 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 39:4–2Ch 5:14)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:4 - So Joseph found favor in his sight and attended him, and he made him overseer of his house and put him in charge of all that he had.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:4 - The captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he waited on them; and they continued for some time in custody.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:13 - So Moses rose with his servant Joshua, and Moses went up into the mountain of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:35 - And it shall be upon Aaron when he ministers, and its sound shall be heard when he goes into the holy place before the LORD, and when he comes out, lest he die.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:43 - and they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they go into the tent of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister in the holy place; lest they bring guilt upon themselves and die. This shall be a perpetual statute for him and for his descendants after him.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:30 - The son who is priest in his place shall wear them seven days, when he comes into the tent of meeting to minister in the holy place.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:20 - When they go into the tent of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister, to burn an offering by fire to the LORD, they shall wash with water, lest they die.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:11 - Thus the LORD used to speak to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. When Moses turned again into the camp, his servant Joshua the son of Nun, a young man, did not depart from the tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:19 - the finely wrought garments for ministering in the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, for their service as priests."
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:1 - And of the blue and purple and scarlet stuff they made finely wrought garments, for ministering in the holy place; they made the holy garments for Aaron; as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:26 - a bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate round about upon the skirts of the robe for ministering; as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:41 - the finely worked garments for ministering in the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons to serve as priests.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 1:50 - but appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of the testimony, and over all its furnishings, and over all that belongs to it; they are to carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings, and they shall tend it, and shall encamp around the tabernacle.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:6 - "Bring the tribe of Levi near, and set them before Aaron the priest, that they may minister to him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:31 - And their charge was to be the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, the vessels of the sanctuary with which the priests minister, and the screen; all the service pertaining to these.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:9 - And they shall take a cloth of blue, and cover the lampstand for the light, with its lamps, its snuffers, its trays, and all the vessels for oil with which it is supplied:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:12 - and they shall take all the vessels of the service which are used in the sanctuary, and put them in a cloth of blue, and cover them with a covering of goatskin, and put them on the carrying frame.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:14 - and they shall put on it all the utensils of the altar, which are used for the service there, the firepans, the forks, the shovels, and the basins, all the utensils of the altar; and they shall spread upon it a covering of goatskin, and shall put in its poles.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 8:26 - but minister to their brethren in the tent of meeting, to keep the charge, and they shall do no service. Thus shall you do to the Levites in assigning their duties."
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:28 - And Joshua the son of Nun, the minister of Moses, one of his chosen men, said, "My lord Moses, forbid them."
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:9 - is it too small a thing for you that the God of Israel has separated you from the congregation of Israel, to bring you near to himself, to do service in the tabernacle of the LORD, and to stand before the congregation to minister to them;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 18:2 - And with you bring your brethren also, the tribe of Levi, the tribe of your father, that they may join you, and minister to you while you and your sons with you are before the tent of the testimony.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:8 - At that time the LORD set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to minister to him and to bless in his name, to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:12 - The man who acts presumptuously, by not obeying the priest who stands to minister there before the LORD your God, or the judge, that man shall die; so you shall purge the evil from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:5 - For the LORD your God has chosen him out of all your tribes, to stand and minister in the name of the LORD, him and his sons for ever.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:7 - then he may minister in the name of the LORD his God, like all his fellow-Levites who stand to minister there before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:5 - And the priests the sons of Levi shall come forward, for the LORD your God has chosen them to minister to him and to bless in the name of the LORD, and by their word every dispute and every assault shall be settled.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:1 - After the death of Moses the servant of the LORD, the LORD said to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:11 - Then Elka'nah went home to Ramah. And the boy ministered to the LORD, in the presence of Eli the priest.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:18 - Samuel was ministering before the LORD, a boy girded with a linen ephod.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 3:1 - Now the boy Samuel was ministering to the LORD under Eli. And the word of the LORD was rare in those days; there was no frequent vision.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:17 - He called the young man who served him and said, "Put this woman out of my presence, and bolt the door after her."
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:18 - Now she was wearing a long robe with sleeves; for thus were the virgin daughters of the king clad of old. So his servant put her out, and bolted the door after her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:4 - The maiden was very beautiful; and she became the king's nurse and ministered to him; but the king knew her not.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:15 - So Bathshe'ba went to the king into his chamber (now the king was very old, and Ab'ishag the Shu'nammite was ministering to the king).
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:11 - so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud; for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 10:5 - the food of his table, the seating of his officials, and the attendance of his servants, their clothing, his cupbearers, and his burnt offerings which he offered at the house of the LORD, there was no more spirit in her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 19:21 - And he returned from following him, and took the yoke of oxen, and slew them, and boiled their flesh with the yokes of the oxen, and gave it to the people, and they ate. Then he arose and went after Eli'jah, and ministered to him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:43 - But his servant said, "How am I to set this before a hundred men?" So he repeated, "Give them to the men, that they may eat, for thus says the LORD, 'They shall eat and have some left.'"
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 6:15 - When the servant of the man of God rose early in the morning and went out, behold, an army with horses and chariots was round about the city. And the servant said, "Alas, my master! What shall we do?"
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:14 - And they took away the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the dishes for incense and all the vessels of bronze used in the temple service,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 6:32 - They ministered with song before the tabernacle of the tent of meeting, until Solomon had built the house of the LORD in Jerusalem; and they performed their service in due order.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 15:2 - Then David said, "No one but the Levites may carry the ark of God, for the LORD chose them to carry the ark of the LORD and to minister to him for ever."
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:4 - Moreover he appointed certain of the Levites as ministers before the ark of the LORD, to invoke, to thank, and to praise the LORD, the God of Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:37 - So David left Asaph and his brethren there before the ark of the covenant of the LORD to minister continually before the ark as each day required,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 23:13 - The sons of Amram: Aaron and Moses. Aaron was set apart to consecrate the most holy things, that he and his sons for ever should burn incense before the LORD, and minister to him and pronounce blessings in his name for ever.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 26:12 - These divisions of the gatekeepers, corresponding to their chief men, had duties, just as their brethren did, ministering in the house of the LORD;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 27:1 - This is the list of the people of Israel, the heads of fathers' houses, the commanders of thousands and hundreds, and their officers who served the king in all matters concerning the divisions that came and went, month after month throughout the year, each division numbering twenty-four thousand:
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 28:1 - David assembled at Jerusalem all the officials of Israel, the officials of the tribes, the officers of the divisions that served the king, the commanders of thousands, the commanders of hundreds, the stewards of all the property and cattle of the king and his sons, together with the palace officials, the mighty men, and all the seasoned warriors.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 5:14 - so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud; for the glory of the LORD filled the house of God.

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