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Lexicon :: Strong's H8354 - šāṯâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2477

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁתָה shâthâh, shaw-thaw'; a primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively):—× assuredly, banquet, × certainly, drink(-er, -ing), drunk (× -ard), surely. (Intensive proposition of H8248.)

KJV Translation Count — Total: 217x

The KJV translates Strong's H8354 in the following manner: drink (208x), drinkers (1x), drunkards (1x), banquet (1x), miscellaneous (6x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 217x
The KJV translates Strong's H8354 in the following manner: drink (208x), drinkers (1x), drunkards (1x), banquet (1x), miscellaneous (6x).
  1. to drink

    1. (Qal)

      1. to drink

        1. of drinking cup of God's wrath, of slaughter, of wicked deeds (fig)

      2. to feast

    2. (Niphal) to be drunk

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁתָה shâthâh, shaw-thaw'; a primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively):—× assuredly, banquet, × certainly, drink(-er, -ing), drunk (× -ard), surely. (Intensive proposition of H8248.)
STRONGS H8354: Abbreviations
I. שָׁתָה 217 verb drink (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian šatû, Ethiopic bdb105901 Old Aramaic שתה, Aramaic שְׁתָא, אִשְׁתִּי, [bdb105902], bdb105903; Sabean שתי DHMZMG xxxvii (1883), 403 HomChr 124); —
Qal216 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Exodus 34:28 +, 1st person singular שָׁתִ֫יתִי 1 Samuel 1:15 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁתֶּה Genesis 44:5 +, וַיִּשְׁתֶּה 1 Kings 19:8, usually וַיֵּשְׁתְּ Genesis 9:21+; jussive וְיֵשְׁתְּ 1 Kings 13:18; 3rd person feminine singular וַתֵּשְׁתְּ Numbers 20:11; 2nd person masculine singular with apocope תֵּשְׁתְּ Judges 13:14 +, וַתֵּשְׁתְּ 1 Kings 13:22; 1st person singular וָאֵשְׁתְּ Genesis 24:46; 3rd person masculine plural יִשְׁתָּי֑וּן Psalm 78:44, etc.; Imperative masculine singular שְׁתֵה Genesis 24:14 +, etc.; Infinitive absolute שָׁתֹה Isaiah 21:5; Jeremiah 49:12 (in 1 Samuel 1:9 after preposition, anomalous, Ges§ 113e, omitted by Greek Version of the LXX Th We Dr and modern), שָׁתוֺ Jeremiah 25:28 +, שָׁתוֺת Isaiah 22:13 (Ges§ 75n); construct תְוֺ Proverbs 31:4, שְׁתוֺת Jeremiah 35:8, 14, לִשְׁתּתֹ Genesis 24:19 +, suffix שְׁתוֺתוֺ 1 Kings 13:33, לִשְׁתּוֺתָהּ Isaiah 51:22 etc.; Participle active שֹׁתֶה Isaiah 29:8 +, feminine שֹׁתָה Job 6:4, etc.; —
a. of man: drink, water, wine, etc., Exodus 34:28 (JE), compare Exodus 15:24 (J), 1 Samuel 30:12; Amos 2:8; Amos 4:8; Amos 5:11; Isaiah 5:22; Isaiah 62:8, 9; Proverbs 31:4; Judges 13:4, 7, 14 + often (2 times J E; + 6 times D); by measure (short allowance) Ezekiel 4:11, 16; milk † Ezekiel 25:4, compare Songs 5:1; blood 1 Chronicles 11:19 (figurative of water gained by hazard); figurative חֲמָתָם שֹׁתָה רוּחִי Job 6:4 whose venom [of arrows of י׳] my spirit drinks up; accusative + מִן of source † Exodus 7:18 (J), Exodus 7:21 (E), Exodus 15:23 (J), Proverbs 5:15 (figurative); accusative (of wine, water, etc.) omitted Genesis 24:14 (twice in verse); Genesis 27:25; Genesis 43:34 (all J) + 11 times J, Exodus 7:24; Exodus 17:6 (E), Numbers 20:5 (JE), Numbers 20:11; Numbers 33:14 (P), Judges 15:19 + often; accusative שׁין2 Kings 18:27 = Isaiah 36:12; מַמְתַקִּים Nehemiah 8:10; absolute Ecclesiastes 2:24 +; + מִן of source 1 Kings 17:4, 6; Psalm 110:7, מִכֹּסוֺ 2 Samuel 12:3; בְּמִזְרְקֵי יַיִן שׁ׳ Amos 6:6, compare Genesis 44:5; בְּיַיִן שׁ׳Proverbs 9:5; with מִן partitive Genesis 9:21; Exodus 7:24; Ruth 2:9, also (figurative) Jeremiah 51:7 (and Job 21:20 below).
†b. participle as substantive שֹׁתֵי מַיִם Ezekiel 31:14, 16, שֹׁתֵי יַיִן Joel 1:5; שׁוֺתֵי שֵׁכָר Psalm 69:13.
c. drink wine in sacrificial feast Deuteronomy 32:38 (poem); blood of sacrificial victim Psalm 50:13 (figurative of י׳).
d. subject animals Numbers 20:19; Jonah 3:7 (both + men), also (figurative) Ezekiel 34:18, 19; accusative (water) omitted Genesis 24:19, 22; Genesis 30:38 (twice in verse).
e. figurative of drinking cup of י׳'s wrath, אֶתאכּוֺס שׁ׳ חֲמָתוֺ Isaiah 51:17 (+ מִיַּד י׳), compare Isaiah 51:17, Isaiah 51:22, see also Ezekiel 23:32, 34 and (accusative omitted) Jeremiah 25:16, 26, 27 + 8 times Jeremiah; Habakkuk 2:16; absolute Obadiah 16 (3 times in verse); accusative שְׁמָרִים Psalm 75:9; מֵחֲמַת שַׁדַּי שׁ׳ Job 21:20.
†f. drink blood, figurative of slaughter, Numbers 23:24 (J E; of lion, metaphor of Israel), Zechariah 9:15 (read דָּמָם for הָמוּ Greek Version of the LXXManuscripts Sta Now Marti); so (blood of י׳'s sacrifice) Ezekiel 39:17, 18, 19.
g. figurative of wicked deeds: יֵין חֲמָסִים יִשְׁתּוּ Proverbs 4:17 (|| לָֽחֲמוּ לֶחֶם רֶשַׁע; these are their food and drink), compare Job 15:16; Job 34:7, but Proverbs 26:6 apparently = suffers violence (compare De Toy).
†2. late, = feast Esther 3:15; Esther 7:1 (compare מִשְׁתֶּה).
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׁתֶה Leviticus 11:34 (P) all which is (may be) drunk, with ב of vessel. — נִשְׁתָּ֑וָה Proverbs 27:15 see I. שׁוה near the end For cause, give, to drink see שׁקה.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8355.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


9:21; 9:21; 24:14; 24:14; 24:19; 24:19; 24:22; 24:46; 27:25; 30:38; 43:34; 44:5; 44:5


7:18; 7:21; 7:24; 7:24; 15:23; 15:24; 17:6; 34:28; 34:28




20:5; 20:11; 20:11; 20:19; 23:24; 33:14




13:4; 13:7; 13:14; 13:14; 15:19



1 Samuel

1:9; 1:15; 30:12

2 Samuel


1 Kings

13:18; 13:22; 13:33; 17:4; 17:6; 19:8

2 Kings


1 Chronicles





3:15; 7:1


6:4; 6:4; 15:16; 21:20; 21:20; 34:7


50:13; 69:13; 75:9; 78:44; 110:7


4:17; 5:15; 9:5; 26:6; 27:15; 31:4; 31:4



Song of Songs



5:22; 21:5; 22:13; 29:8; 36:12; 51:17; 51:17; 51:22; 51:22; 62:8; 62:9


25:16; 25:26; 25:27; 25:28; 35:8; 35:14; 49:12; 51:7


4:11; 4:16; 23:32; 23:34; 25:4; 31:14; 31:16; 34:18; 34:19; 39:17; 39:18; 39:19




2:8; 4:8; 5:11; 6:6









Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8354 matches the Hebrew שָׁתָה (šāṯâ),
which occurs 217 times in 193 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 9:21–Jdg 13:7)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:21 - And he drank H8354 of the wine and became drunk and uncovered himself inside his tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:14 - now may it be that the young woman to whom I say, ‘Please let down your jar so that I may drink H8354,’ and she says, ‘Drink H8354, and I will give water to your camels to drink also’—may she be the one whom You have decided for Your servant Isaac; and by this I will know that You have shown lovingkindness to my master.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:18 - And she said, “Drink H8354, my lord”; and she quickly lowered her jar to her hand and gave him a drink.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:19 - Now when she had finished giving him a drink, she said, “I will draw also for your camels until they have finished drinking H8354.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:22 -

Now it happened that when the camels had finished drinking H8354, the man took a gold ring weighing a [fn]half-shekel and two bracelets for her [fn]wrists weighing ten shekels in gold,

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:44 - and she will say to me, “You drink H8354, and I will draw for your camels also”; she is the woman whom Yahweh has decided upon for my master’s son.’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:46 - “Then she hurried and lowered her jar from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink H8354, and I will also give water to your camels to drink’; so I drank H8354, and she also gave water to the camels to drink.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:54 - Then he and the men who were with him ate and drank H8354 and spent the night. And then they arose in the morning, and he said, “Send me away to my master.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:34 - So Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil stew; and he ate and drank H8354 and rose and went away. Thus Esau despised his birthright.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:30 - Then he made them a feast, and they ate and drank H8354.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:25 - So he said, “Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son’s game, that my soul may bless you.” And he brought it near to him, and he ate; he also brought him wine, and he drank H8354.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:38 - And he set the rods which he had peeled in front of the flocks in the trough, that is, in the watering channels, where the flocks came to drink H8354; and they [fn]mated when they came to drink H8354.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:34 - And he took portions to them from [fn]his own table, but Benjamin’s portion was five times greater than any of theirs. So they feasted H8354 and drank freely with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:5 - ‘Is not this the one from which my lord drinks H8354 and which he indeed uses to interpret omens? You have done evil in doing this.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:18 - “And the fish that are in the Nile will die, and the Nile will [fn]become foul, and the Egyptians will be weary of drinking H8354 water from the Nile.”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:21 - And the fish that were in the Nile died, and the Nile [fn]became foul, so that the Egyptians could not drink H8354 water from the Nile. And the blood was through all the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:24 - So all the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink H8354, for they could not drink H8354 of the water of the Nile.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:23 - And they came to Marah, but they could not drink H8354 the waters [fn]of Marah, for they were [fn]bitter; therefore it was named [fn]Marah.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:24 - So the people grumbled at Moses, saying, “What shall we drink H8354?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:1 -

Then all the congregation of the sons of Israel journeyed by [fn]stages from the wilderness of Sin, according to the [fn]command of Yahweh, and they camped at Rephidim, and there was no water for the people to drink H8354.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:2 - Therefore the people contended with Moses and said, “Give us water that we may drink H8354.” And Moses said to them, “Why do you contend with me? Why do you test Yahweh?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:6 - “Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink H8354.” And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:11 - Yet He did not stretch out His hand against the nobles of the sons of Israel; and they beheld God, and they ate and drank H8354.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:6 - So the next day they rose early and offered burnt offerings and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink H8354 and rose up to play.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:28 - So he was there with Yahweh forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink H8354 water. And [fn]he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten [fn]Commandments.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 10:9 - “Do not drink H8354 wine or strong drink, neither you nor your sons with you, when you come into the tent of meeting, so that you will not die—it is a perpetual statute throughout your generations
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:34 - ‘Any of the [fn]food which may be eaten, on which water comes, shall become unclean, and any [fn]liquid which may be H8354 drunk H8354 in every vessel shall become unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 6:3 - he shall abstain as a Nazirite from wine and strong drink; he shall drink H8354 no vinegar, whether made from wine or strong drink, nor shall he drink H8354 any grape juice nor eat fresh or dried grapes.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 6:20 - ‘Then the priest shall wave them for a wave offering before Yahweh. It is holy for the priest, together with the breast offered by waving and the thigh offered by [fn]raising up; and afterward the Nazirite may drink H8354 wine.’
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:5 - “And why have you made us come up from Egypt, to bring us into this evil place? It is not a place of [fn]grain or figs or vines or pomegranates, nor is there water to drink H8354.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:11 - Then Moses raised high his hand and struck the rock twice with his rod; and water came forth abundantly, and the congregation and their beasts drank H8354.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:17 - ‘Please let us pass through your land. We will not pass through field or through vineyard; we will not even drink H8354 water from a well. We will go along the king’s highway; we will not turn to the right or to the left until we pass through your territory.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:19 - Again, the sons of Israel said to him, “We will go up by the highway, and if I and my livestock do drink H8354 any of your water, then I will [fn]pay its price. Let me only pass through on my feet, [fn]nothing else.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:22 - “Let me pass through your land. We will not turn off into field or vineyard; we will not drink H8354 water from wells. We will go by the king’s highway until we have passed through your border.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 23:24 -

“Behold, a people rises like a lioness,

And as a lion it lifts itself;

It will not lie down until it devours the prey,

And drinks H8354 the blood of the slain.”

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 33:14 -

They journeyed from Alush and camped at Rephidim; now it was there that the people had no water to drink H8354.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:6 - “You shall buy food from them with money so that you may eat, and you shall also bargain with them for water with money so that you may drink H8354.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:28 - ‘You will sell me food for money so that I may eat, and give me water for money so that I may drink H8354; only let me pass through on [fn]foot,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:9 - “When I went up to the mountain to receive the tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenant which Yahweh had cut with you, then I remained on the mountain forty days and nights; I neither ate bread nor drank H8354 water.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:18 - “And I fell down before Yahweh, as at the first, forty days and nights; I neither ate bread nor drank H8354 water because of all your sin which you had committed in doing what was evil in the sight of Yahweh to provoke Him to anger.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:11 - “But the land into which you are about to cross to possess it, a land of hills and valleys, drinks H8354 water from the rain of heaven,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:39 - “You shall plant and cultivate vineyards, but you will neither drink H8354 of the wine nor gather the grapes, for the worm will devour them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:6 - “You have not eaten bread, nor have you drunk H8354 wine or strong drink, in order that you might know that I am Yahweh your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:14 -

Curds of cows, and milk of the flock,

With fat of lambs,

And rams, the breed of Bashan, and goats,

With the finest of the wheat

And of the blood of grapes you drank H8354 wine.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:38 -

‘Who ate the fat of their sacrifices,

And drank H8354 the wine of their drink offering?

Let them rise up and help you,

Let them be your hiding place!

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:5 - So he brought the people down to the water. And Yahweh said to Gideon, “Everyone who laps the water with his tongue as a dog laps, you shall set him aside by himself, and so also everyone who kneels to drink H8354.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:6 - Now the number of those who lapped, putting their hand to their mouth, was 300 men; but all the rest of the people kneeled to drink H8354 water.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:27 - And they went out into the field and gathered the grapes of their vineyards and trod them and celebrated a [fn]festival; and they came into the house of their god and ate and drank H8354 and cursed Abimelech.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:4 - “So now, be careful not to drink H8354 wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean thing.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:7 - “And he said to me, ‘Behold, you [fn]shall be with child and give birth to a son, so now you shall not drink H8354 wine or strong drink, and you shall not eat any unclean thing, for the boy shall be a Nazirite to God from the womb to the day of his death.’”

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