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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H974 - bāḥan

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 230

Strong’s Definitions

בָּחַן bâchan, baw-khan'; a primitive root; to test (especially metals); generally and figuratively, to investigate:—examine, prove, tempt, try (trial).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x

The KJV translates Strong's H974 in the following manner: try (19x), prove (7x), examine (1x), tempt (1x), trial (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x
The KJV translates Strong's H974 in the following manner: try (19x), prove (7x), examine (1x), tempt (1x), trial (1x).
  1. to examine, try, prove

    1. (Qal)

      1. to examine, scrutinise

      2. to test, prove, try (of gold, persons, the heart, man of God)

    2. (Niphal) to be tried, proved

    3. (Pual) to make a trial

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
בָּחַן bâchan, baw-khan'; a primitive root; to test (especially metals); generally and figuratively, to investigate:—examine, prove, tempt, try (trial).
STRONGS H974: Abbreviations
† [בָּחַן] verb examine, try (compare Aramaic בְּחַן, Syriac bdb010308, try, examine; Arabic bdb010309 I. VIII. test, compare WSG 65) —
Qal Perfect suffix בְּחָנַ֫נִי Job 23:10, בָּחַנְתָּ Psalm 17:3 + 7 times; Imperfect יִבְחָ֑ן Psalm 11:5 + 5 times; Imperative suffix בְּחָנֵנִי Psalm 26:2 + 2 times; Infinitive בְּחֹן Zechariah 13:9; Participle בֹּחֵן Jeremiah 11:20 + 5 times (|| צרף, נסה); —
1. examine, scrutinize, try Psalm 11:5; Psalm 139:23; Job 7:18; אָדָם בְנֵי יִבְחֲנוּ עַפְעַפָּיו His eyelids try the children of men (search them through and through) Psalm 11:4.
2. prove, test, try.
a. with the metaphor of gold Job 23:10; וּבְחַנְתִּים כִּבְחֹן אֶתהַֿזָּהָב and I will try them as one tries gold Zechariah 13:9.
b. without metaphor, of God testing persons Psalm Zech 26:2; Zech 66:10; Zech 81:8; Jeremiah 9:6; their ways Jeremiah 6:27; the לֵב Psalm 17:3; Jeremiah 12:3; Proverbs 17:3; 1 Chronicles 29:17; reins Jeremiah 17:10; heart and reins Psalm 7:10; Jeremiah 11:20 (= Jeremiah 20:12).
c. of man testing or tempting God Psalm 95:9; Malachi 3:10, 15.
d. the ear trying words Job 12:11 = Job 34:3.
Niph. Imperfect יִבָּחֵן Job 34:36; Genesis 42:15, 16, to be tried, proved.
Pu. בֹּחַן Ezekiel 21:18 the trial has been made (Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Vulgate Ges MV Ew Ke, but noun בֹּ֫חַן MT Symm HaEv.; read בְּחֵן with grace, favour, Hi Co).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


42:15; 42:16

1 Chronicles



7:18; 12:11; 23:10; 23:10; 34:3; 34:36


7:10; 11:4; 11:5; 11:5; 17:3; 17:3; 26:2; 95:9; 139:23




6:27; 9:6; 11:20; 11:20; 12:3; 17:10; 20:12




13:9; 13:9


3:10; 3:15

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H974 matches the Hebrew בָּחַן (bāḥan),
which occurs 29 times in 28 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:15 - Hereby ye shall be proved: H974 By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:16 - Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, H974 whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely ye are spies.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 29:17 - I know also, my God, that thou triest H974 the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:18 - And that thou shouldest visit him every morning, and try H974 him every moment?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:11 - Doth not the ear try H974 words? and the mouth taste his meat?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 23:10 - But he knoweth the way that I take: when he hath tried H974 me, I shall come forth as gold.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:3 - For the ear trieth H974 words, as the mouth tasteth meat.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:36 - My desire is that Job may be tried H974 unto the end because of his answers for wicked men.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 7:9 - Oh let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end; but establish the just: for the righteous God trieth H974 the hearts and reins.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 11:4 - The LORD is in his holy temple, the LORD'S throne is in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyelids try, H974 the children of men.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 11:5 - The LORD trieth H974 the righteous: but the wicked and him that loveth violence his soul hateth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 17:3 - Thou hast proved H974 mine heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 26:2 - Examine H974 me, O LORD, and prove me; try my reins and my heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 66:10 - For thou, O God, hast proved H974 us: thou hast tried us, as silver is tried.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 81:7 - Thou calledst in trouble, and I delivered thee; I answered thee in the secret place of thunder: I proved H974 thee at the waters of Meribah. Selah.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 95:9 - When your fathers tempted me, proved H974 me, and saw my work.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 139:23 - Search me, O God, and know my heart: try H974 me, and know my thoughts:
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:3 - The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth H974 the hearts.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:27 - I have set thee for a tower and a fortress among my people, that thou mayest know and try H974 their way.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:7 - Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, I will melt them, and try H974 them; for how shall I do for the daughter of my people?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 11:20 - But, O LORD of hosts, that judgest righteously, that triest H974 the reins and the heart, let me see thy vengeance on them: for unto thee have I revealed my cause.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 12:3 - But thou, O LORD, knowest me: thou hast seen me, and tried H974 mine heart toward thee: pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and prepare them for the day of slaughter.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 17:10 - I the LORD search the heart, I try H974 the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 20:12 - But, O LORD of hosts, that triest H974 the righteous, and seest the reins and the heart, let me see thy vengeance on them: for unto thee have I opened my cause.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:13 - Because it is a trial, H974 and what if the sword contemn even the rod? it shall be no more, saith the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 13:9 - And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try H974 them as gold is tried: H974 they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, The LORD is my God.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:10 - Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove H974 me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:15 - And now we call the proud happy; yea, they that work wickedness are set up; yea, they that tempt H974 God are even delivered.
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