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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Rest (Noun and Verb)

Dictionaries :: Rest (Noun and Verb)

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g372 Greek: anapausis

Rest (Noun and Verb):

"cessation, refreshment, rest" (ana, "up," pauo, "to make to cease"), the constant word in the Sept. for the Sabbath "rest," is used in Mat 11:29; here the contrast seems to be to the burdens imposed by the Pharisees. Christ's "rest" is not a "rest" from work, but in work, "not the rest of inactivity but of the harmonious working of all the faculties and affections -- of will, heart, imagination, conscience -- because each has found in God the ideal sphere for its satisfaction and development" (J. Patrick, in Hastings' Bib. Dic.); it occurs also in Mat 12:43; Luk 11:24; Rev 4:8, RV, "(they have no) rest" [AV, "(they) rest (not)"], where the noun is the object of the verb echo, "to have;" so in 14:11.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g2663 Greek: katapausis

Rest (Noun and Verb):

in classical Greek, denotes "a causing to cease" or "putting to rest;" in the NT, "rest, repose;" it is used

(a) of God's "rest;" Act 7:49; Hbr 3:11, 18; 4:1, 3 (twice), RV (1st part), "that rest" (the AV, "rest," is ambiguous), Hbr 4:5, 11;

(b) in a general statement, applicable to God and man, Hbr 4:10.

A-3 Noun Strong's Number: g425 Greek: anesis

Rest (Noun and Verb):

for the significance of which see EASE, B, is translated "rest" in 2Cr 2:13, AV (RV, "relief"); 7:5 (ditto); in 2Th 1:7, the subject is not the "rest" to be granted to the saints, but the Divine retribution on their persecutors; hence the phrase "and to you that are afflicted rest with us," is an incidental extension of the idea of recompense, and is to be read parenthetically. The time is not that at which the saints will be relieved of persecution, as in 1Th 4:15-17, when the Parousia of Christ begins, but that at which the persecutors will be punished, namely, at the epiphany (or out-shining) of His Parousia (2Th 2:8). For similar parentheses characteristic of epistolary writings see 1Th 4:10; 1:6; 2:15, 16.

A-4 Noun Strong's Number: g4520 Greek: sabbatismos

Rest (Noun and Verb):

"a Sabbath-keeping," is used in Hbr 4:9, RV, "a sabbath rest," AV marg., "a keeping of a sabbath" (akin to sabbatizo, "to keep the Sabbath," used, e.g., in Exd 16:30, not in the NT); here the sabbath-keeping is the perpetual sabbath "rest" to be enjoyed uninterruptedly by believers in their fellowship with the Father and the Son, in contrast to the weekly Sabbath under the Law. Because this sabbath "rest" is the "rest" of God Himself, Hbr 4:10, its full fruition is yet future, though believers now enter into it. In whatever way they enter into Divine "rest," that which they enjoy is involved in an indissoluble relation with God.

A-5 Noun Strong's Number: g2838 Greek: koimesis

Rest (Noun and Verb):

"a resting, reclining" (akin to keimai, "to lie"), is used in Jhn 11:13, of natural sleep, translated "taking rest," RV.

Note: In Act 9:31, AV, eirene, "peace" (RV), is translated "rest."

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g373 Greek: anapauo

Rest (Noun and Verb):

akin to A, No. 1, in the Active Voice, signifies "to give intermission from labor, to give rest, to refresh," Mat 11:28; 1Cr 16:18, "have refreshed;" Phm 1:7, "are refreshed;" in the Middle Voice, "to take or enjoy rest," Mat 26:45; Mar 6:31; 14:41; Luk 12:19, "take thine ease;" 1Pe 4:14; Rev 6:11; 14:13.
See REFRESH. In the papyri it is found as an agricultural term, e.g., of giving land "rest" by sowing light crops upon it. In inscriptions it is found on gravestones of Christians, followed by the date of death (Moulton and Milligan).

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g2664 Greek: katapauo

Rest (Noun and Verb):

akin to A, No. 2, used transitively, signifies "to cause to cease, restrain," Act 14:18; "to cause to rest," Hbr 4:8; intransitively, "to rest," Hbr 4:4, 10.

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g1981 Greek: episkenoo

Rest (Noun and Verb):

"to spread a tabernacle over" (epi, "upon," skene, "a tent"), is used metaphorically in 2Cr 12:9, "may rest upon (me)," RV, marg., "cover," "spread a tabernacle over."

B-4 Verb Strong's Number: g2681 Greek: kataskenoo

Rest (Noun and Verb):

"to pitch one's tent, lodge," is translated "shall rest," in Act 2:26, AV (RV, "shall dwell").

B-5 Verb Strong's Number: g2270 Greek: hesuchazo

Rest (Noun and Verb):

"to be still, to rest from labor," is translated "they rested" in Luk 23:56.
See PEACE (hold one's), No. 3.

B-6 Verb Strong's Number: g1879 Greek: epanapauo

Rest (Noun and Verb):

"to cause to rest," is used in the Middle Voice, metaphorically, signifying "to rest upon" (epi, "upon," and No. 1), in Luk 10:6; Rom 2:17.

Note: For "find rest" Rom 15:32, RV, see REFRESH, No. 2.

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