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Dictionaries :: Send

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g649 Greek: apostello


lit., "to send forth" (apo, "from"), akin to apostolos, "an apostle," denotes

(a) "to send on service, or with a commission."

(1) of persons; Christ, sent by the Father, Mat 10:40; 15:24; 21:37; Mar 9:37; 12:6; Luk 4:18, 43; 9:48; 10:16; Jhn 3:17; 5:36, 38; 6:29, 57; 7:29; 8:42; 10:36; 11:42; 17:3, 8, 18 (1st part), Jhn 17:21, 23, 25; 20:21; Act 3:20 (future); 3:26; 1Jo 4:9, 10, 14; the Holy Spirit, Luk 24:49 (in some texts; see No. 3); 1Pe 1:12; Rev 5:6; Moses, Act 7:35; John the Baptist, Jhn 1:6; 3:28; disciples and apostles, e.g., Mat 10:16; Mar 11:1; Luk 22:8; Jhn 4:38; 17:18 (2nd part); Act 26:17; servants, e.g., Mat 21:34; Luk 20:10; officers and officials, Mar 6:27; Jhn 7:32; Act 16:35; messengers, e.g., Act 10:8, 17, 20; 15:27; evangelists, Rom 10:15; angels, e.g., Mat 24:31; Mar 13:27; Luk 1:19, 26; Hbr 1:14; Rev 1:1; 22:6; demons, Mar 5:10;

(2) of things, e.g., Mat 21:3; Mar 4:29, RV, marg., "sendeth forth," text, "putteth forth" (AV, "... in"); Act 10:36; 11:30; 28:28;

(b) "to send away, dismiss," e.g., Mar 8:26; 12:3; Luk 4:18, "to set (at liberty)." See Note below, No. 2.

2 Strong's Number: g3992 Greek: pempo


"to send," is used

(a) of persons: Christ, by the Father, Luk 20:13; Jhn 4:34; 5:23, 24, 30, 37; 6:38-40, 44; 7:16, 18, 28, 33; 8:16, 18, 26, 29; 9:4; 12:44, 45, 49; 13:20 (2nd part); Jhn 14:24; 15:21; 16:5; Rom 8:3; the Holy Spirit, Jhn 14:26; 15:26; 16:7; Elijah, Luk 4:26; John the Baptist, Jhn 1:33; disciples and apostles, e.g., Mat 11:2; Jhn 20:21; servants, e.g., Luk 20:11, 12; officials, Mat 14:10; messengers, e.g., Act 10:5, 32, 33; 15:22, 25; 2Cr 9:3; Eph 6:22; Phl 2:19, 23, 25; 1Th 3:2, 5; Tts 3:12; a prisoner, Act 25:25, 27; potentates, by God, 1Pe 2:14; an angel, Rev 22:16; demons, Mar 5:12;

(b) of things, Act 11:29; Phl 4:16; 2Th 2:11; Rev 1:11; 11:10; 14:15, 18, RV, "send forth" (AV, "thrust in").


(1) Pempo is a more general term than apostello; apostello usually "suggests official or authoritative sending" (Thayer). A comparison of the usages mentioned above shows how nearly (in some cases practically quite) interchangeably they are used, and yet on close consideration the distinction just mentioned is discernible; in the Gospel of John, cp. pempo in Jhn 5:23, 24, 30, 37, apostello in Jhn 5:33, 36, 38; pempo in Jhn 6:38, 39, 44, apostello in Jhn 6:29, 57; the two are not used simply for the sake of variety of expression. Pempo is not used in the Lord's prayer in ch. 17, whereas apostello is used six times.

(2) The "sending" of the Son by the Father was from the glory which He had with the Father into the world, by way of the Incarnation, not a "sending" out into the world after His birth, as if denoting His mission among and His manifestation to the people. "Hofmann, in support of his view that Jesus is called the Son of God only in virtue of His being born of man, vainly urges that the simple accusative after apostello also denotes what the Person is or becomes by being sent. What he states is true but only when the name of the object spoken of is chosen to correspond with the purposed mission, as e.g., in Mar 1:2; Luk 14:32; 19:14. We can no more say, "God sent Jesus that He should be His Son' than we can render 'he sent his servants,' Mat 21:34, in this manner. That the Sonship of Christ is anterior to His mission to the world... is clear from Jhn 16:28; cp. especially also the double accusative in 1Jo 4:14, 'the Father sent the Son the Savior of the world.' The expression that Jesus is sent by God denotes the mission which He has to fulfill and the authority which backs Him" (Cremer, Lexicon of NT Greek).

3 Strong's Number: g1821 Greek: exapostello



(a) "to send forth:" of the Son by God the Father, Gal 4:4; of the Holy Spirit, Gal 4:6; Luk 24:49 in the best texts (some have No. 1); an angel, Act 12:11; the ancestors of Israel, Act 7:12; Paul to the Gentiles, Act 22:21; of the word of salvation, Act 13:26 (some mss. have No. 1);

(b) "to send away," Luk 1:53; 20:10, 11; Act 9:30; 11:22; 17:14.

4 Strong's Number: g375 Greek: anapempo



(a) "to send up" (ana, "up," and No. 2), to a higher authority, Luk 23:7, 15; Act 25:21 (in the best texts; some have No. 2); this meaning is confirmed by examples from the papyri (Moulton and Milligan), by Deissmann (Bible Studies, p. 229); see also Field, Notes on the Trans. of the NT;

(b) "to send back," Luk 23:11; Phm 1:12.

5 Strong's Number: g1599 Greek: ekpempo


denotes "to send forth" (ek, "out of"), Act 13:4, "being sent forth;" Act 17:10, "sent away."

6 Strong's Number: g906 Greek: ballo


"to cast, throw," is translated "to send (peace)" in Mat 10:34 (twice), (RV, marg., "cast").

7 Strong's Number: g1544 Greek: ekballo


"to cast out," or "send out," is translated "sent out" in Mar 1:43, RV (AV, "sent away"), and in AV and RV in Jam 2:25.
See CAST, No. 5.

8 Strong's Number: g630 Greek: apoluo


"to set free, to let go," is translated "to send away" in Mat 14:15, 22, 23; Mar 6:36, 45; 8:3, 9; Luk 8:38; Act 13:3, where the "sending" is not that of commissioning, but of letting go, intimating that they would gladly have retained them (contrast ekpempo, the act of commissioning by the Holy Spirit in ver. 4).

9 Strong's Number: g3343 Greek: metapempo


"to send after or for, fetch" (meta, "after"), is used only in the Acts; in the Middle Voice, translated "to send for" in Act 10:22, 29 (2nd part: Passive Voice in the 1st part); 20:1, RV only (some texts have proskaleo); Act 24:24, 26; 25:3; in Act 10:5; 11:13, RV, "fetch."

10 Strong's Number: g1032 Greek: bruo


"to be full to bursting," was used of the earth in producing vegetation, of plants in putting forth buds; in Jam 3:11 it is said of springs gushing with water, "(doth the fountain) send forth... ?"

11 Strong's Number: g4882 Greek: sunapostello


"to send along with," is used in 2Cr 12:18. In the Sept., Exd 33:2, 12.

12 Strong's Number: g4842 Greek: sunpempo


"to send along with," is used in 2Cr 8:18, 22.


(1) In Mat 13:36, AV, aphiemi, "to leave," is translated "He sent... away" (RV, "He left"); so in Mar 4:36, AV, "they had sent away," RV, "leaving."

(2) In Mar 6:46, apotassomai, "to take leave of" (RV) is translated "He had sent... away."

(3) In Jhn 13:16 apostolos is rendered "one (AV, he) that is sent," RV marg., "an apostle."

(4) Paristemi is rendered "send" in Mat 26:53, RV.


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