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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Condemn, Condemnation

Dictionaries :: Condemn, Condemnation

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g2607 Greek: kataginosko

Condemn, Condemnation:

"to know something against" (kata, "against," ginosko, "to know by experience"), hence, "to think ill of, to condemn," is said, in Gal 2:11, of Peter's conduct (RV, "stood condemned"), he being "self-condemned" as the result of an exercised and enlightened conscience, and "condemned" in the sight of others; so of "self-condemnation" due to an exercise of heart, 1Jo 3:20, 21.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g2613 Greek: katadikazo

Condemn, Condemnation:

signifies "to exercise right or law against anyone;" hence, "to pronounce judgment, to condemn" (kata, "down, or against," dike, "justice"), Mat 12:7, 37; Luk 6:37; Jam 5:6.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g2919 Greek: krino

Condemn, Condemnation:

"to distinguish, choose, give an opinion upon, judge," sometimes denotes "to condemn," e.g., Act 13:27; Rom 2:27; Jam 5:9 (in the best mss.). Cp. No. 1, below.

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g2632 Greek: katakrino

Condemn, Condemnation:

a strengthened form of No. 3, signifies "to give judgment against, pass sentence upon;" hence, "to condemn," implying

(a) the fact of a crime, e.g., Rom 2:1; 14:23; 2Pe 2:6; some mss. have it in Jam 5:9;

(b) the imputation of a crime, as in the "condemnation" of Christ by the Jews, Mat 20:18; Mar 14:64. It is used metaphorically of "condemning" by a good example, Mat 12:41, 42; Luk 11:31, 32; Hbr 11:7.

In Rom 8:3, God's "condemnation" of sin is set forth in that Christ, His own Son, sent by Him to partake of human nature (sin apart) and to become an offering for sin, died under the judgment due to our sin.

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g2917 Greek: krima

Condemn, Condemnation:


(a) "the sentence pronounced, a verdict, a condemnation, the decision resulting from an investigation," e.g., Mar 12:40; Luk 23:40; 1Ti 3:6; Jud 1:4;

(b) "the process of judgment leading to a decision," 1Pe 4:17 ("judgment"), where krisis (see No. 3, below) might be expected. In Luk 24:20, "to be condemned" translates the phrase eis krima, "unto condemnation" (i.e., unto the pronouncement of the sentence of "condemnation"). For the rendering "judgment," see, e.g., Rom 11:33; 1Cr 11:34; Gal 5:10; Jam 3:1.

In these (a) the process leading to a decision and (b) the pronouncement of the decision, the verdict, are to be distinguished. In 1Cr 6:7 the word means a matter for judgment, a lawsuit.

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g2631 Greek: katakrima

Condemn, Condemnation:

cp. No. 4, above, is "the sentence pronounced, the condemnation" with a suggestion of the punishment following; it is found in Rom 5:16, 18; 8:1.

B-3 Noun Strong's Number: g2920 Greek: krisis

Condemn, Condemnation:

(a) denotes "the process of investigation, the act of distinguishing and separating" (as distinct from krima, see No. 1 above); hence "a judging, a passing of judgment upon a person or thing;" it has a variety of meanings, such as judicial authority, Jhn 5:22, 27; justice, Act 8:33; Jam 2:13; a tribunal, Mat 5:21, 22; a trial, Jhn 5:24; 2Pe 2:4; a judgment, 2Pe 2:11; Jud 1:9; by metonymy, the standard of judgment, just dealing, Mat 12:18, 20; 23:23; Luk 11:42; Divine judgment executed, 2Th 1:5; Rev 16:7;

(b) sometimes it has the meaning "condemnation," and is virtually equivalent to krima (a); see Mat 23:33; Jhn 3:19; Jam 5:12, hupo krisin, "under judgment."

Note: In Jhn 9:39, "For judgment (krima) came I into this world," the meaning would appear to be, "for being judged" (as a touch-stone for proving men's thoughts and characters), in contrast to Jhn 5:22, "hath given all judging (krisis) to the Son;" in Luk 24:20, "delivered Him up to be condemned to death," the latter phrase is, lit., "to a verdict (krima) of death" (which they themselves could not carry out); in Mar 12:40, "these shall receive greater condemnation" (krima), the phrase signifies a heavier verdict (against themselves).

B-4 Noun Strong's Number: g2633 Greek: katakrisis

Condemn, Condemnation:

a strengthened form of No. 3, denotes "a judgment against, condemnation," with the suggestion of the process leading to it, as of "the ministration of condemnation," 2Cr 3:9; in 2Cr 7:3, "to condemn," more lit., "with a view to condemnation."

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g843 Greek: autokatakritos

Condemn, Condemnation:

"self-condemned" (auto, "self," katakrino, "to condemn"), i.e., on account of doing himself what he condemns in others, is used in Tts 3:11.

C-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g176 Greek: akatagnostos

Condemn, Condemnation:

akin to A, No. 1, with negative prefix, a, "not to be condemned," is said of sound speech, in Tts 2:8.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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