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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Instruct, Instruction, Instructor

Dictionaries :: Instruct, Instruction, Instructor

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g2727 Greek: katecheo

Instruct, Instruction, Instructor:

"to teach orally, inform, instruct," is translated by the verb "to instruct" in Luk 1:4; Act 18:25 (RV marg., "taught by word of mouth"); Rom 2:18; 1Cr 14:19, RV (AV, "teach").

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g3811 Greek: paideuo

Instruct, Instruction, Instructor:

"to train children, teach," is rendered "was instructed," in Act 7:22, RV (AV, "learned"); "instructing" in 2Ti 2:25, AV (RV, "correcting"); Tts 2:12, RV, "instructing" (AV, "teaching"). The verb is used of the family discipline, as in Hbr 12:6, 7, 10; cp. 1Cr 11:32; 2Cr 6:9; Rev 3:19. In 1Ti 1:20 (Passive Voice) it is translated "might be taught," RV (AV, "may learn"), but, "however the passage is to be understood, it is clear that not the impartation of knowledge but severe discipline is intended. In Luk 23:16, 22, Pilate, since he had declared the Lord guiltless of the charge brought against Him, and hence could not punish Him, weakly offered, as a concession to the Jews, to 'chastise, paideuo, Him, and let Him go.'" *
[* From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, p. 165.]

This sense of paideuo is confirmed by Hbr 12:6, where it is joined (in a quotation from the Sept. of Pro 3:12) with "to lash or scourge." Cp. the scene in the Pilgrim's Progress where a shining one with a whip of small cords "chastised sore" the pilgrims foolishly caught in the net of the flatterer and said to them, "As many as I love I rebuke and chasten" (paideuo).

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g3100 Greek: matheteuo

Instruct, Instruction, Instructor:

used transitively, "to make a disciple," is translated "which is instructed" in Mat 13:52, AV (RV, "who hath been made a disciple").

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g3453 Greek: mueo

Instruct, Instruction, Instructor:

"to initiate into the mysteries," is used in the Passive Voice, in Phl 4:12, AV, "I am instructed," RV, "have I learned the secret."

A-5 Verb Strong's Number: g4264 Greek: probibazo

Instruct, Instruction, Instructor:

"to lead forward, lead on" (the casual of probaino, "to go forward;" pro, "forward," bibazo, "to lift up"), is used in the Passive Voice in Mat 14:8, and translated, AV, "being before instructed," RV, "being put forward." Some mss. have it in Act 19:33, instead of No. 6.

A-6 Verb Strong's Number: g4822 Greek: sumbibazo

Instruct, Instruction, Instructor:

"to join, knit, unite" (sun, "with"), then, "to compare," and so, "to prove," hence, "to teach, instruct," is so rendered in 1Cr 2:16; it is found in the best mss. in Act 19:33 (RV marg., "instructed").

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g3809 Greek: paideia

Instruct, Instruction, Instructor:


"training, instruction," is translated "instruction" in 2Ti 3:16.

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g3807 Greek: paidagogos

Instruct, Instruction, Instructor:


"a guide," or "guardian" or "trainer of boys," lit., "a child-leader" (pais, "a boy, or child," ago, "to lead"), "a tutor," is translated "instructors" in 1Cr 4:15, AV (RV, "tutors"); here the thought is that of pastors rather than teachers; in Gal 3:24, 25, AV, "schoolmaster" (RV, "tutor,"), but here the idea of instruction is absent. "In this and allied words the idea is that of training, discipline, not of impartation of knowledge. The paidagogos was not the instructor of the child; he exercised a general supervision over him and was responsible for his moral and physical well-being. Thus understood, paidagogos is appropriately used with 'kept in ward' and 'shut up,' whereas to understand it as equivalent to 'teacher' introduces an idea entirely foreign to the passage, and throws the Apostle's argument into confusion." *
[* From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, pp. 163, 164] Cp. epitropos, "a steward, guardian, tutor."

B-3 Noun Strong's Number: g3810 Greek: paideutes

Instruct, Instruction, Instructor:

akin to A, No. 2, denotes

(a) "an instructor, a teacher," Rom 2:20, AV, "an instructor" (RV, "a corrector");

(b) "one who disciplines, corrects, chastens," Hbr 12:9, RV, "to chasten" [AV, "which corrected" (lit., "correctors")].

In (a) the discipline of the school is in view; in (b) that of the family.
See CORRECTOR. Cp. epitropos, "a steward, guardian, tutor."


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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