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1 Samuel 17 :: English Standard Version (ESV)

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Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:1 - Now the Philistines gathered their armies for battle. And they were gathered at Socoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped between Socoh and Azekah, in Ephes-dammim.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:2 - And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered, and encamped in the Valley of Elah, and drew up in line of battle against the Philistines.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:3 - And the Philistines stood on the mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, with a valley between them.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:4 - And there came out from the camp of the Philistines a champion named Goliath of Gath, whose height was six[fn] cubits[fn] and a span.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:5 - He had a helmet of bronze on his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail, and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels[fn] of bronze.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:6 - And he had bronze armor on his legs, and a javelin of bronze slung between his shoulders.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:7 - The shaft of his spear was like a weaver’s beam, and his spear’s head weighed six hundred shekels of iron. And his shield-bearer went before him.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:8 - He stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, “Why have you come out to draw up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you not servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:9 - If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants. But if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall be our servants and serve us.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:10 - And the Philistine said, “I defy the ranks of Israel this day. Give me a man, that we may fight together.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:11 - When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:12 - Now David was the son of an Ephrathite of Bethlehem in Judah, named Jesse, who had eight sons. In the days of Saul the man was already old and advanced in years.[fn]

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:13 - The three oldest sons of Jesse had followed Saul to the battle. And the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:14 - David was the youngest. The three eldest followed Saul,

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:15 - but David went back and forth from Saul to feed his father’s sheep at Bethlehem.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:16 - For forty days the Philistine came forward and took his stand, morning and evening.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:17 - And Jesse said to David his son, “Take for your brothers an ephah[fn] of this parched grain, and these ten loaves, and carry them quickly to the camp to your brothers.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:18 - Also take these ten cheeses to the commander of their thousand. See if your brothers are well, and bring some token from them.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:19 - Now Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in the Valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:20 - And David rose early in the morning and left the sheep with a keeper and took the provisions and went, as Jesse had commanded him. And he came to the encampment as the host was going out to the battle line, shouting the war cry.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:21 - And Israel and the Philistines drew up for battle, army against army.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:22 - And David left the things in charge of the keeper of the baggage and ran to the ranks and went and greeted his brothers.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:23 - As he talked with them, behold, the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, came up out of the ranks of the Philistines and spoke the same words as before. And David heard him.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:24 - All the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him and were much afraid.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:25 - And the men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who has come up? Surely he has come up to defy Israel. And the king will enrich the man who kills him with great riches and will give him his daughter and make his father’s house free in Israel.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:26 - And David said to the men who stood by him, “What shall be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:27 - And the people answered him in the same way, “So shall it be done to the man who kills him.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:28 - Now Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to the men. And Eliab’s anger was kindled against David, and he said, “Why have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your presumption and the evil of your heart, for you have come down to see the battle.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:29 - And David said, “What have I done now? Was it not but a word?”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:30 - And he turned away from him toward another, and spoke in the same way, and the people answered him again as before.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:31 - When the words that David spoke were heard, they repeated them before Saul, and he sent for him.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:32 - And David said to Saul, “Let no man’s heart fail because of him. Your servant will go and fight with this Philistine.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:33 - And Saul said to David, “You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him, for you are but a youth, and he has been a man of war from his youth.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:34 - But David said to Saul, “Your servant used to keep sheep for his father. And when there came a lion, or a bear, and took a lamb from the flock,

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:35 - I went after him and struck him and delivered it out of his mouth. And if he arose against me, I caught him by his beard and struck him and killed him.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:36 - Your servant has struck down both lions and bears, and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be like one of them, for he has defied the armies of the living God.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:37 - And David said, “The LORD who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “Go, and the LORD be with you!”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:38 - Then Saul clothed David with his armor. He put a helmet of bronze on his head and clothed him with a coat of mail,

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:39 - and David strapped his sword over his armor. And he tried in vain to go, for he had not tested them. Then David said to Saul, “I cannot go with these, for I have not tested them.” So David put them off.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:40 - Then he took his staff in his hand and chose five smooth stones from the brook and put them in his shepherd’s pouch. His sling was in his hand, and he approached the Philistine.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:41 - And the Philistine moved forward and came near to David, with his shield-bearer in front of him.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:42 - And when the Philistine looked and saw David, he disdained him, for he was but a youth, ruddy and handsome in appearance.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:43 - And the Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:44 - The Philistine said to David, “Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the air and to the beasts of the field.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:45 - Then David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a sword and with a spear and with a javelin, but I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:46 - This day the LORD will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you down and cut off your head. And I will give the dead bodies of the host of the Philistines this day to the birds of the air and to the wild beasts of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel,

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:47 - and that all this assembly may know that the LORD saves not with sword and spear. For the battle is the LORD’s, and he will give you into our hand.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:48 - When the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet David, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:49 - And David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone and slung it and struck the Philistine on his forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the ground.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:50 - So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and struck the Philistine and killed him. There was no sword in the hand of David.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:51 - Then David ran and stood over the Philistine and took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him and cut off his head with it. When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:52 - And the men of Israel and Judah rose with a shout and pursued the Philistines as far as Gath[fn] and the gates of Ekron, so that the wounded Philistines fell on the way from Shaaraim as far as Gath and Ekron.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:53 - And the people of Israel came back from chasing the Philistines, and they plundered their camp.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:54 - And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put his armor in his tent.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:55 - As soon as Saul saw David go out against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the commander of the army, “Abner, whose son is this youth?” And Abner said, “As your soul lives, O king, I do not know.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:56 - And the king said, “Inquire whose son the boy is.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:57 - And as soon as David returned from the striking down of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:58 - And Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?” And David answered, “I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.”
ESV Footnotes
Hebrew; Septuagint, Dead Sea Scroll and Josephus four
A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters
A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams
Septuagint, Syriac; Hebrew advanced among men
An ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters
Septuagint; Hebrew Gai

ESV

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version copyright © 2001, 2007, 2011, 2016 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

See detailed copyright information.

 
 
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