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Lexicon :: Strong's G4434 - ptōchos

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πτωχός
Transliteration
ptōchos
Pronunciation
ptō-kho's (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
adjective
Root Word (Etymology)
From ptosso {to crouch, akin to πτοέω (G4422) and the alternate of πίπτω (G4098)}
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:885,969

Trench's Synonyms: xxxvi. πένης, πτωχός.

Strong’s Definitions

πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x

The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x
The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).
  1. reduced to beggary, begging, asking alms

  2. destitute of wealth, influence, position, honour

    1. lowly, afflicted, destitute of the Christian virtues and eternal riches

    2. helpless, powerless to accomplish an end

    3. poor, needy

  3. lacking in anything

    1. as respects their spirit

      1. destitute of wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily give themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved them selves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.
STRONGS NT 4434: πτωχός
πτωχός, πτωχή, πτωχόν (πτώσσω, to be thoroughly frightened, to cower down or hide oneself for fear; hence, πτωχός properly, one who slinks and crouches), often involving the idea of roving about in wretchedness (see πένης, at the end; "but it always had a bad sense till it was ennobled in the Gospels; see Matthew 5:3; Luke 6:20, cf. 2 Corinthians 8:9" (Liddell and Scott, under I.)); hence,
1. in classical Greek from Homer down, reduced to beggary, begging, mendicant, asking alms: Luke 14:13, 21; Luke 16:20, 22.
2. poor, needy (opposed to πλούσιος): Matthew 19:21; Matthew 26:9, 11; Mark 10:21; Mark 12:42, 43; Mark 14:5, 7; Luke 18:22; Luke 19:8; Luke 21:3; John 12:5, 6, 8; John 13:29; Romans 15:26; 2 Corinthians 6:10; Galatians 2:10; James 2:2, 3, 6; Revelation 13:16; in a broader sense, destitute of wealth, influence, position, honors; lowly, afflicted: Matthew 11:5; Luke 4:18 (from Isaiah 61:1); Isa. 6:20; 7:22; οἱ πτωχοί τοῦ κόσμου (partitive genitive), the poor of the human race, James 2:5; but the more correct reading is that of L T Tr WH viz. τῷ κόσμῳ (unto the world), i. e. the ungodly world being judge, cf. Winers Grammar, § 31, 4 a.; Buttmann, § 133, 14; (R. V. as to the world (see next head, and cf. κόσμος, 7)). tropically, destitute of the Christian virtues and the eternal riches, Revelation 3:17; like the Latininops, equivalent to helpless, powerless to accomplish an end: στοιχεῖα, Galatians 4:9 (`bringing no rich endowment of spiritual treasure' (Lightfoot)).
3. universally, lacking in anything, with a dative of the respect: τῷ πνεύματι, as respects their spirit, i. e. destitute of the wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily gave themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved themselves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure, Matthew 11:25; John 9:39; 1 Corinthians 1:26, 27; (others make the idea more inward and ethical: 'conscious of their spiritual need')), Matthew 5:3; compare with this the Epistle of Barnabas 19 [ET], see ἔσῃ ἁπλοῦς τῇ καρδία καί πλούσιος τῷ πνεύματι, abounding in Christian graces and the riches of the divine kingdom. (The Sept. for עָנִי, דַּל, רָשׁ, אֶבְיון, etc.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Isaiah
7:22; 61:1
Matthew
5:3; 5:3; 11:5; 11:25; 19:21; 26:9; 26:11
Mark
10:21; 12:42; 12:43; 14:5; 14:7
Luke
4:18; 6:20; 14:13; 14:21; 16:20; 16:22; 18:22; 19:8; 21:3
John
9:39; 12:5; 12:6; 12:8; 13:29
Romans
15:26
1 Corinthians
1:26; 1:27
2 Corinthians
6:10; 8:9
Galatians
2:10; 4:9
James
2:2; 2:3; 2:5; 2:6
Revelation
3:17; 13:16

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4434 matches the Greek πτωχός (ptōchos),
which occurs 34 times in 34 verses in the Greek concordance of the KJV

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:3 - Blessed are the poor G4434 in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:5 - The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor G4434 have the gospel preached to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:21 - Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, G4434 and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:9 - For this ointment might have been sold for much, and given to the poor. G4434
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:11 - For ye have the poor G4434 always with you; but me ye have not always.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:21 - Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, G4434 and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:42 - And there came a certain poor G4434 widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:43 - And he called unto him his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That this poor G4434 widow hath cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury:
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:5 - For it might have been sold for more than three hundred pence, and have been given to the poor. G4434 And they murmured against her.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:7 - For ye have the poor G4434 with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me ye have not always.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 4:18 - The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; G4434 he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:20 - And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poor: G4434 for yours is the kingdom of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:22 - Then Jesus answering said unto them, Go your way, and tell John what things ye have seen and heard; how that the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, to the poor G4434 the gospel is preached.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:13 - But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, G4434 the maimed, the lame, the blind:
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:21 - So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, G4434 and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:20 - And there was a certain beggar G4434 named Lazarus, which was laid at his gate, full of sores,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:22 - And it came to pass, that the beggar G4434 died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried;
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 18:22 - Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto him, Yet lackest thou one thing: sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, G4434 and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:8 - And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; G4434 and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 21:3 - And he said, Of a truth I say unto you, that this poor G4434 widow hath cast in more than they all:
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:5 - Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor? G4434
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:6 - This he said, not that he cared for the poor; G4434 but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:8 - For the poor G4434 always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 13:29 - For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor. G4434
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 15:26 - For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor G4434 saints which are at Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 6:10 - As sorrowful, yet alway rejoicing; as poor, G4434 yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:10 - Only they would that we should remember the poor; G4434 the same which I also was forward to do.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 4:9 - But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly G4434 elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:2 - For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man G4434 in vile raiment;
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:3 - And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, G4434 Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool:
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:5 - Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor G4434 of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:6 - But ye have despised the poor. G4434 Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 3:17 - Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, G4434 and blind, and naked:
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 13:16 - And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, G4434 free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads:
 
 
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