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Lexicon :: Strong's G4690 - sperma

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sperma (Key)
Part of Speech
neuter noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 7:536,1065

Strong’s Definitions

σπέρμα spérma, sper'-mah; from G4687; something sown, i.e. seed (including the male "sperm"); by implication, offspring; specially, a remnant (figuratively, as if kept over for planting):—issue, seed.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 44x

The KJV translates Strong's G4690 in the following manner: seed (43x), issue (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 44x
The KJV translates Strong's G4690 in the following manner: seed (43x), issue (1x).
  1. from which a plant germinates

    1. the seed i.e. the grain or kernel which contains within itself the germ of the future plants

      1. of the grains or kernels sown

    2. metaph. a seed i.e. a residue, or a few survivors reserved as the germ of the next generation (just as seed is kept from the harvest for the sowing)

  2. the semen virile

    1. the product of this semen, seed, children, offspring, progeny

    2. family, tribe, posterity

    3. whatever possesses vital force or life giving power

      1. of divine energy of the Holy Spirit operating within the soul by which we are regenerated

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
σπέρμα spérma, sper'-mah; from G4687; something sown, i.e. seed (including the male "sperm"); by implication, offspring; specially, a remnant (figuratively, as if kept over for planting):—issue, seed.
σπέρμα, σπέρματος, τό (σπείρω, which see), from Homer down, Hebrew זֶרַע, the seed (from which anything springs);
a. from which a plant germinates;
α. properly, the seed i. e. the grain or kernel which contains within itself the germ of the future plant: plural, Matthew 13:32; Mark 4:31; 1 Corinthians 15:38 (Exodus 16:31; 1 Samuel 8:15); the singular is used collectively of the grains or kernels sown: Matthew 13:24, 27, 37; 2 Corinthians 9:10 (here L Tr σπόρος).
β. metaphorically, a seed i. e. a residue. or a few survivors reserved as the germ of a new race (just as seed is kept from the harvest for the sowing), Romans 9:29 after Isaiah 1:9, where the Sept. for שַׂרִיד (so also Wis. 14:6; 1 Esdr. 8:85 (87); Josephus, Antiquities 11, 5, 3; 12, 7, 8; Plato, Tim., p. 23{c}).
b. the semen virile;
α. properly: Leviticus 15:16-18; Leviticus 18:20f, etc.; (probably also Hebrews 11:11, cf. καταβολή 1, and see below); often in secular writings. By metonymy the product of this semen, seed, children, offspring, progeny; family, race, posterity (so in Greek chiefly in the tragic poets, cf. Passow, under the word, 2 b. ii., p. 1498 (Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 3); and זֶרַע very often in the O. T. (cf. Winer's Grammar, 17, 30)); so in the singular, either of one, or collectively of many: Romans 9:7f; εἰς καταβολήν σπέρματος (see (above, and) καταβολή, 2) Hebrews 11:11; ἀνισταναι and ἐξανισταναι σπέρμα τίνι, Matthew 22:24; Mark 12:19; Luke 20:28 (Genesis 38:8); ἔχειν σπέρμα, Matthew 22:25; ἀφιέναι σπέρμα τίνι, Mark 12:20-22; τό σπέρμα τίνος, Luke 1:55; John 7:42; John 8:33, 37; Acts 3:25; Acts 7:5; Acts 13:23; Romans 1:3; (Romans 4:13); Rom. 9:7; 11:1; 2 Corinthians 11:22; 2 Timothy 2:8; Hebrews 2:16; Hebrews 11:18; in plural: παῖς ἐκ βαιλικων σπερμάτων, of royal descent, Josephus, Antiquities 8, 7, 6; τῶν Αβραμιαίων σπερμάτων ἀπόγονοι, 4 Macc. 18:1; equivalent to tribes, races, ἄνθρωποι τέ καί ἀνθρώπων σπερμασι νομοθετουμεν τά νῦν, Plato, legg. 9, p. 853 c. By a rabbinical method of interpreting, opposed to the usage of the Hebrew זֶרַע, which signifies the offspring whether consisting of one person or many, Paul lays such stress on the singular number in Genesis 13:15; Genesis 17:8 as to make it denote but one of Abraham's posterity, and that the Messiah: Galatians 3:16, also Galatians 3:19; and yet, that the way in which Pard presses the singular here is not utterly at variance with the genius of the Jewish-Greek language is evident from Αβραμιαίων σπερμάτων ἀπόγονοι, 4 Macc. 18:1, where the plural is used of many descendants ((cf. Geiger in Zeitschr. d. deutsch. Morgenl. Gesellsch. 1858, pp. 307-309; Delitzsch in Lut. Zeitschr. 1877 p. 603 sq.; Driver in the Expositor for Jan. 1889 p. 18 sq.; Lightfoot on Galatians, the passage cited)). τό σπέρμα (Ἀβραάμ) τό ἐκ τοῦ νόμου, the seed which is such according to the decision of the law, physical offspring (see νόμος, 2, p. 428{a}), τό ἐκ πίστεως Ἀβραάμ, those who are called Abraham's posterity on account of the faith by which they are akin to him (see πίστις, 1 b. ., p. 513{b} and ἐκ, II. 7), Romans 4:16; add, Romans 4:18; Rom 9:8; Galatians 3:29; similarly, Christians are called, in Revelation 12:17, the σπέρμα of the church (which is likened to a mother, Galatians 4:26).
β. whatever possesses vital force or life-giving power: τό σπέρμα τοῦ Θεοῦ ((but anarthrous)), the Holy Spirit, the divine energy operating within the soul by which we are regenerated or made the τέκνα τοῦ Θεοῦ, 1 John 3:9.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

13:15; 17:8; 38:8
15:16; 15:17; 15:18; 18:20
1 Samuel
13:24; 13:27; 13:32; 13:37; 22:24; 22:25
4:31; 12:19; 12:20; 12:21; 12:22
1:55; 20:28
7:42; 8:33; 8:37
3:25; 7:5; 13:23
1:3; 4:13; 4:16; 4:18; 9:7; 9:7; 9:8; 9:29; 11:1
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
9:10; 11:22
3:16; 3:19; 3:29; 4:26
2 Timothy
2:16; 11:11; 11:11; 11:18
1 John

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4690 matches the Greek σπέρμα (sperma),
which occurs 44 times in 41 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:24 - Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed G4690 in his field:
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:27 - So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed G4690 in thy field? from whence then hath it tares?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:32 - Which indeed is the least of all seeds: G4690 but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:37 - He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed G4690 is the Son of man;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:38 - The field is the world; the good seed G4690 are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:24 - Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed G4690 unto his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:25 - Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, G4690 left his wife unto his brother:
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 4:31 - It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, is less than all the seeds G4690 that be in the earth:
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:19 - Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed G4690 unto his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:20 - Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed. G4690
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:21 - And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: G4690 and the third likewise.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:22 - And the seven had her, and left no seed: G4690 last of all the woman died also.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:55 - As he spake to our fathers, to Abraham, and to his seed G4690 for ever.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:28 - Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man's brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed G4690 unto his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 7:42 - Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed G4690 of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 8:33 - They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, G4690 and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 8:37 - I know that ye are Abraham's seed; G4690 but ye seek to kill me, because my word hath no place in you.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 3:25 - Ye are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed G4690 shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:5 - And he gave him none inheritance in it, no, not so much as to set his foot on: yet he promised that he would give it to him for a possession, and to his seed G4690 after him, when as yet he had no child.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:6 - And God spake on this wise, That his seed G4690 should sojourn in a strange land; and that they should bring them into bondage, and entreat them evil four hundred years.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 13:23 - Of this man's seed G4690 hath God according to his promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus:
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 1:3 - Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed G4690 of David according to the flesh;
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:13 - For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, G4690 through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:16 - Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; G4690 not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:18 - Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed G4690 be.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:7 - Neither, because they are the seed G4690 of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed G4690 be called.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:8 - That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. G4690
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:29 - And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, G4690 we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 11:1 - I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed G4690 of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 15:38 - But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed G4690 his own body.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 9:10 - Now he that ministereth seed G4690 to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;)
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 11:22 - Are they Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I. Are they the seed G4690 of Abraham? so am I.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:16 - Now to Abraham and his seed G4690 were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, G4690 as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, G4690 which is Christ.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:19 - Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed G4690 should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:29 - And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, G4690 and heirs according to the promise.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 2:8 - Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed G4690 of David was raised from the dead according to my gospel:
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 2:16 - For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed G4690 of Abraham.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:11 - Through faith also Sara herself received strength to conceive seed, G4690 and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:18 - Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed G4690 be called:
Unchecked Copy Box1Jo 3:9 - Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed G4690 remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 12:17 - And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, G4690 which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.
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