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Lexicon :: Strong's H2796 - ḥārāš

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 760a

Strong’s Definitions

חָרָשׁ chârâsh, khaw-rawsh'; from H2790; a fabricator or any material:—artificer, (+) carpenter, craftsman, engraver, maker, mason, skilful, (+) smith, worker, workman, such as wrought.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x

The KJV translates Strong's H2796 in the following manner: carpenter (11x), workman (6x), craftsman (4x), engraver (3x), artificers (2x), smith (2x), makers (1x), skilful (1x), smith (with H1270) (1x), workers (1x), wrought (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x
The KJV translates Strong's H2796 in the following manner: carpenter (11x), workman (6x), craftsman (4x), engraver (3x), artificers (2x), smith (2x), makers (1x), skilful (1x), smith (with H1270) (1x), workers (1x), wrought (1x).
  1. craftsman, artisan, engraver, graver, artificer

    1. graver, artificer

    2. skilful to destroy (warriors) (fig.)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָרָשׁ chârâsh, khaw-rawsh'; from H2790; a fabricator or any material:—artificer, (+) carpenter, craftsman, engraver, maker, mason, skilful, (+) smith, worker, workman, such as wrought.
STRONGS H2796: Abbreviations
חָרָשׁ noun masculineExodus 38:23 graver, artificer (Phoenician חרש) — absolute ח׳ (=*חַרָּשׁ) Exodus 35:35 + 14 times; construct חָרַשׁ Exodus 28:11 + 2 times; plural חָֽרָשִׁים Hosea 13:2 + 7 times; חֲרָשִׁים 1 Chronicles 4:14 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 11:35 (see below); construct חָֽרָשֵׁי 2 Samuel 5:11 + 6 times; —
1. graver, artificer:
a. worker in metal 1 Samuel 13:19; Hosea 8:6; Hosea 13:2; Deuteronomy 27:15; Jeremiah 10:9 (|| צֹרֵף), Isaiah 40:19 (|| id.), Isaiah 54:16; 1 Chronicles 29:5; בַּרְזֶל ח׳ Isaiah 44:12; 2 Chronicles 24:12; perhaps also Isaiah 41:7 (+ צֹרֵף); apparently=hammer Zechariah 2:3 (symbolic).
b. worker in wood עֵץ ח׳ 2 Samuel 5:111 Chronicles 14:1 (עֵצִים), 2 Kings 12:12; 2 Kings 22:6 2 Chronicles 34:11; Jeremiah 10:3; Isaiah 40:20; Isaiah 44:13 (see also 1 Chronicles 22:15 below); perhaps also Ezra 3:7; 2 Chronicles 24:12 (both || חצב).
c. worker in stone אֶבֶן קִיר ח׳ 2 Samuel 5:111 Chronicles 14:1 (omitted אבן); also of engraving on gems אבן ח׳ Exodus 28:11 (P; || מִּתּוּחֵי חֹתָם); see also following
d. in general אֶבֶן וָעֵץ ח׳ 1 Chronicles 22:15; idol-maker צִירִים ח׳ Isaiah 45:16, compare Isaiah 44:11 (also Isaiah 44:12; Isaiah 44:13 above), 2 Kings 24:14, 16; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 29:2 (all || מַסְגֵּר), Exodus 35:35; Exodus 38:23 (both P; both || חשֵׁב). In גֵּיא חֲרָשִׁים 1 Chronicles 4:14, גֵּי הַחֲ׳ Nehemiah 11:35 valley of (the) artificers, and חֲרָשִׁים artificers 1 Chronicles 4:14, ח has ֲ֯ exceptionally, see Ol§ 183 aii, § 60. 5; read חָֽרָשִׁים ?
2. figurative מַשְׁחִית ח׳ Ezekiel 21:36 men skilled to destroy.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


28:11; 28:11; 35:35; 35:35; 38:23; 38:23



1 Samuel


2 Samuel

5:11; 5:11; 5:11

2 Kings

12:12; 22:6; 24:14; 24:16

1 Chronicles

4:14; 4:14; 4:14; 14:1; 14:1; 22:15; 22:15; 29:5

2 Chronicles

24:12; 24:12; 34:11




11:35; 11:35


40:19; 40:20; 41:7; 44:11; 44:12; 44:12; 44:13; 44:13; 45:16; 54:16


10:3; 10:9; 24:1; 29:2


8:6; 13:2; 13:2




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2796 matches the Hebrew חָרָשׁ (ḥārāš),
which occurs 36 times in 33 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:11 - [fn]As a jeweler H2796 engraves a signet, you shall engrave the two stones according to the names of the sons of Israel; you shall [fn]set them in filigree settings of gold.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:35 - “He has filled them with [fn]skill to perform every work of an engraver H2796, of a designer, and of an embroiderer, in violet, purple, and in scarlet material, and in fine linen, and of a weaver, as performers of every work and makers of designs.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 38:23 - With him was Oholiab the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver H2796 and a skilled embroiderer, and a [fn]weaver in violet, in purple, and in scarlet material, and fine linen.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 27:15 - ‘Cursed is the person who makes a carved image or cast metal image, an abomination to the LORD, the work of the hands of a craftsman H2796, and sets it up in secret.’ And all the people shall reply and say, ‘Amen.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:19 - Now no blacksmith H2796 could be found in all the land of Israel, because the Philistines said, “Otherwise the Hebrews will make [fn]swords or spears.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:11 - Then Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David with cedar trees, carpenters H2796, and [fn]stonemasons H2796; and they built a house for David.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 12:11 - And they handed the money which was assessed over to those who did the work, who had the oversight of the house of the LORD; and they [fn]paid it out to the carpenters H2796 and the builders who worked on the house of the LORD;
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:6 - to the carpenters H2796, the builders, the masons, and for buying timber and cut stone to repair the house.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 24:14 - Then he led into exile all the people of Jerusalem and all the commanders and all the valiant warriors, ten thousand exiles, and all the craftsmen H2796 and the smiths. None were left except the poorest people of the land.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 24:16 - And all the valiant men, seven thousand, and the craftsmen H2796 and the smiths, a thousand, all strong and fit for war, these too the king of Babylon brought into exile to Babylon.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 4:14 - Meonothai fathered Ophrah, and Seraiah fathered Joab the father of [fn]Ge-harashim, for they were craftsmen H2796.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 14:1 - Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David with cedar trees, masons H2796, and carpenters H2796, to build a house for him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 22:15 - “Moreover there are many workmen with you, stonecutters, masons H2796 of stone, and carpenters H2796; and all of them are skillful in every kind of work.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 29:5 - gold for the things of gold and silver for the things of silver, that is, for all the work [fn]done by the craftsmen H2796. Who then is willing [fn]to consecrate himself this day to the LORD?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 24:12 - The king and Jehoiada gave it to those who did the work of the service of the house of the LORD; and they hired masons and carpenters H2796 to restore the house of the LORD, and also workers H2796 in iron and bronze to repair the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 34:11 - They in turn gave it to the carpenters H2796 and the builders to buy quarried stone and timber for couplings, and to make beams for the houses which the kings of Judah had let go to ruin.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 3:7 - Then they gave money to the masons and carpenters H2796, and food, drink, and oil to the Sidonians and the Tyrians to bring cedar wood from Lebanon to the sea at Joppa, according to the permission they had [fn]from Cyrus king of Persia.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:19 - As for the [fn]idol, a craftsman H2796 casts it,
A goldsmith plates it with gold,
And a silversmith fashions chains of silver.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:20 - He who is too impoverished for such an offering
Selects a tree that does not rot;
He seeks out for himself a skillful craftsman H2796
To [fn]prepare [fn]an idol that will not totter.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:7 - So the craftsman H2796 encourages the smelter,
And he who smooths metal with the hammer encourages him who beats the anvil,
Saying of the soldering, “It is good”;
And he fastens it with nails,
So that it will not totter.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 44:11 - Behold, all his companions will be put to shame, for the craftsmen H2796 themselves are mere men. Let them all assemble themselves, let them stand up, let them tremble, let them be put to shame together.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 44:12 - The craftsman H2796 of iron shapes a cutting tool and does his work over the coals, [fn]fashioning it with hammers and working it with his strong arm. He also gets hungry and [fn]his strength fails; he drinks no water and becomes weary.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 44:13 - The craftsman H2796 of wood extends a measuring line; he outlines it with a marker. He works it with carving knives and outlines it with a compass, and makes it like the form of a man, like the beauty of mankind, so that it may sit in a house.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 45:16 - They will be put to shame and even humiliated, all of them;
The manufacturers H2796 of idols will go away together in humiliation.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:16 - “Behold, I Myself have created the smith H2796 who blows on the fire of coals
And produces a weapon for its work;
And I have created the destroyer to inflict ruin.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 10:3 - For the customs of the peoples are futile;
For it is wood cut from the forest,
The work of the hands of a craftsman H2796 with a cutting tool.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 10:9 - Beaten silver is brought from Tarshish,
And gold from Uphaz,
The work of a craftsman H2796 and of the hands of a goldsmith;
Their clothing is of violet and purple;
They are all the work of skilled people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 24:1 - After Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had taken into exile Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, and the officials of Judah with the craftsmen H2796 and metalworkers from Jerusalem and had brought them to Babylon, the LORD showed me: behold, two baskets of figs placed before the temple of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 29:2 - (This was after King Jeconiah and the queen mother, the high officials, the leaders of Judah and Jerusalem, the craftsmen H2796, and the metalworkers had departed from Jerusalem.)
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:31 - ‘I will pour out My indignation on you; I will blow on you with the fire of My wrath, and I will hand you over to brutal men, craftsmen H2796 of destruction.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 8:6 - For from Israel comes even this!
A craftsman H2796 made it, so it is not God;
Assuredly, the calf of Samaria will be broken to [fn]pieces.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 13:2 - And now they sin more and more,
And make for themselves cast metal images,
Idols [fn]skillfully made from their silver,
All of them the work of craftsmen H2796.
They say of them, “Let the [fn]people who sacrifice kiss the calves!”
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 1:20 - Then the LORD showed me four craftsmen H2796.
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