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Lexicon :: Strong's H3899 - leḥem

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1105a

Strong’s Definitions

לֶחֶם lechem, lekh'-em; from H3898; See also H1036 food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it):—(shew-) bread, × eat, food, fruit, loaf, meat, victuals.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 297x

The KJV translates Strong's H3899 in the following manner: bread (237x), food (21x), meat (18x), shewbread (with H6440) (5x), loaves (5x), shewbread (with H4635) (3x), shewbread (2x), victuals (2x), eat (1x), feast (1x), fruit (1x), provision (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 297x
The KJV translates Strong's H3899 in the following manner: bread (237x), food (21x), meat (18x), shewbread (with H6440) (5x), loaves (5x), shewbread (with H4635) (3x), shewbread (2x), victuals (2x), eat (1x), feast (1x), fruit (1x), provision (1x).
  1. bread, food, grain

    1. bread

      1. bread

      2. bread-corn

    2. food (in general)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
לֶחֶם lechem, lekh'-em; from H3898; See also H1036 food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it):—(shew-) bread, × eat, food, fruit, loaf, meat, victuals.
STRONGS H3899: Abbreviations
לֶ֫חֶם 296 noun masculine1 Samuel 9:7 and (rarely) feminineGenesis 49:20 (see below, and Dr1 Samuel 10:4) bread, food (Phoenician לחם bread; Late Hebrew לֶחֶם; Aramaic לַחְמָא, bdb053604, as Hebrew; Arabic bdb053605 flesh, meat, (compare Frä30)); — absolute ל׳ Genesis 3:19 +; לָ֑חֶם Genesis 31:54 +; לֶ֑חֶם Psalm 14:4 + 2 times; construct לֶחֶם Hosea 9:4 +; suffix לַחְמִי Job 3:24 +, לַחְמְךָ Obadiah 7 +, לַחְמָם Hosea 9:4b, + Hosea 9:4a (for MT לָהֶם), We GASm Now, + etc.; —
a. bread, the ordinary food of early Hebrews (BenzArchaeology 84 ff NowArchaeology i. 109 ff.) Exodus 21:14 (E), Numbers 21:5; Joshua 9:5, 12 (JE), Deuteronomy 8:3; Deuteronomy 23:5; Exodus 16:3 (P) +; כִּכַּרלֿ׳ loaf of bread 1 Samuel 2:36 + (see כִּכָּר below כרר), and without ככר (always with number)† 1 Samuel 10:4; 1 Samuel 16:20 (see Dr), 1 Samuel 17:7; 1 Samuel 21:4; 1 Samuel 25:18; 2 Samuel 16:1; 1 Kings 14:3; 2 Kings 4:42 †; חַלַת ל׳ cake of bread 2 Samuel 6:19; Exodus 29:23 + (see חַלָּה below I. חלל); made from barley (שְׂעֹרִים); Judges 7:13; 2 Kings 4:42 (see also לָחֶם above); from wheat-flour (סֹלֶת חִטִים) Exodus 29:2 (P); compare the mixture Ezekiel 4:9; made by baking (אפה) Isaiah 44:15, 19; Leviticus 26:26 (H; compare Jeremiah 37:21); † פַּת־ל׳ a bit of bread 1 Samuel 2:36; 1 Kings 17:11; Proverbs 28:21, compare Ezekiel 13:19, as modest term for a hospitable meal Genesis 18:5 (J), Judges 19:5; 1 Samuel 28:22 †; distinguished from meat (flesh), Genesis 27:17 (J) 1 Samuel 25:11; 1 Kings 17:6 (twice in verse); Exodus 16:8, 12 (also Exodus 16:3 above), Exodus 29:32, 34; Leviticus 8:31 (all P), Leviticus 23:18 (H), 1 Chronicles 12:40; Psalm 78:20; Daniel 10:3; = a meal 1 Samuel 20:27, אָכַל ל׳ = take a meal Genesis 31:54 (twice in verse); Genesis 37:25; Genesis 43:25, 32 +; אכל לַחְמִי Psalm 41:10 eat my bread, establishing an obligation, compare Obadiah 7 (read אֹכְלֵי ל׳ according to MartiKau AT; strike out ל׳ Greek Version of the LXX Hi We, compare VB) עשׂה ל׳ = make a feast Ecclesiastes 10:19; מַטֵּה ל׳ staff of bread (as support of life), only late † Ezekiel 4:16; Ezekiel 5:16; Ezekiel 14:13; Leviticus 26:26 (H), Psalm 105:16; cf.מִשְׁעַן ל׳ Isaiah 3:1 (gloss) †; leavened bread is חָמֵץ ל׳ Leviticus 7:13; unleavened bread is מַצּוֺת ל׳ Exodus 29:2 (both P); † (הַ)פָּנִים ל׳ bread of the face (of י׳; i.e. in his presence, DiLeviticus 24:9 Dr1 Samuel 21:7); in the sanctuary 1 Samuel 21:7; 1 Kings 7:48 2 Chronicles 4:19; Exodus 25:30; Exodus 35:13; Exodus 39:36, without פ׳ Exodus 40:23 (all P); = הַתָּמִיד ל׳ Numbers 4:7 (P), קֹדֶשׁ ל׳ 1 Samuel 21:5; in Chronicles הַמַּעֲרָ֑כֶת ל׳ 1 Chronicles 9:32; compare 1 Chronicles 23:29; Nehemiah 10:34, ל׳ מ׳ 2 Chronicles 13:11; opposed to חֹל ל׳ 1 Samuel 21:5 †; תְּנוּפִה ל׳ Leviticus 23:17 wave-loaf; (הַ)בִּכֻּרִים ל׳ Leviticus 23:20; 2 Kings 4:42 bread of first-fruits.
† b. = bread-corn, the material from which bread is made, i.e. wheat, barley, etc.: Genesis 41:54, 55 (E), Genesis 47:13, 15, 17 (twice in verse); Genesis 47:19 (J), Genesis 49:20 (poem in J), Isaiah 28:28; Isaiah 30:23; Isaiah 55:10; Jeremiah 5:17; Ezekiel 48:18; Job 28:5; Proverbs 28:3; Psalm 104:14; הָאָרֶץ ל׳ Numbers 15:19 (P), ארץ ל׳ 2 Kings 18:32 = Isaiah 36:17 †.
2. food in general:
a. of man, Judges 13:16 (kid, Judges 13:15) 1 Samuel 14:24 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 14:28 (honey), 1 Samuel 28:20; 1 Samuel 30:12; Proverbs 22:9; Proverbs 27:27 (twice in verse) (goat's milk) +; לְכָלבָּֿשָׂר נֹתֵן ל׳ Psalm 136:25.
†b. of animals, Proverbs 6:8; Proverbs 30:25; Prov 65:25; Job 24:5 + Psalm 147:9 †.
c. of God (in sacrifices): † אֱלֹהֵיהֶם ל׳ (compare RSSemitic i. 207, 2nd ed., 224) Leviticus 21:6 compare Leviticus 21:8; Leviticus 21:17; Leviticus 21:21; Leviticus 21:22, Leviticus 22:25 (all H), compare Numbers 28:2 (P), Ezekiel 16:19; Ezekiel 44:7, and מְגֹאָל ל׳ Malachi 1:7, also (לי׳) אִשֶּׁה ל׳ Leviticus 3:11, 16; Numbers 28:24 (all P) †.
3. other phrases and figurative uses are:
a. רֶשַׁע ל׳ Proverbs 4:17 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb with לָחַם), probably = food gained by wickedness ׅ || (יִיִן חֲמָסִים, compare שָׁ֑קֶר ל׳ Proverbs 20:17, כְּזָבִים ל׳ Proverbs 23:3; עַצְלוּת ל׳ Proverbs 31:27 = bread of idleness, i.e. unearned; חֻקִּי ל׳ Proverbs 30:8 (opposed to riches and poverty, see חֹק); לַחַץ ל׳ 1 Kings 22:27 = 2 Chronicles 18:26, see לַחַץ below; הָעֲצָבִים ל׳ Psalm 127:2 see II. עֶצָב; אוֺנִים ל׳ Hosea 9:4, see אָוֶן; אֲנָשִׁים ל׳ Ezekiel 24:17, 22 of food offered to mourners, compare Jeremiah 16:7 (where insert ל׳ Greek Version of the LXX Gf Gie); שַׁלַּח לחמך עלפֿני המים Ecclesiastes 11:1 usual interpration of benevolent giving (compare Now); De and others of sea-commerce in bread-stuffs, compare Proverbs 31:14.
b. figurative לַחְמֵנוּ הֵם Numbers 14:9 (JE) our food are they, i.e. we will devour, destroy, them (compare Deuteronomy 7:16); דִּמְעָתִּי ל׳ Psalm 42:4; compare Psalm 80:6 (see אכל above); ל׳ of evil deeds of wicked Job 20:14; עֵץ בְּלַחְמוֺ Jeremiah 11:19 apparently fig.of destroying the prophet and his house, but read probably בְּלֵחוֺ in its freshness (i.e. untimely), so Hi Gf Che Gie (see לֵחַ below לחח above).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H3900.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:19; 18:5; 27:17; 31:54; 31:54; 37:25; 41:54; 41:55; 43:25; 43:32; 47:13; 47:15; 47:17; 47:19; 49:20; 49:20


16:3; 16:3; 16:8; 16:12; 21:14; 25:30; 29:2; 29:2; 29:23; 29:32; 29:34; 35:13; 39:36; 40:23


3:11; 3:16; 7:13; 8:31; 21:6; 21:8; 21:17; 21:21; 21:22; 22:25; 23:17; 23:18; 23:20; 24:9; 26:26; 26:26


4:7; 14:9; 15:19; 21:5; 28:2; 28:24


7:16; 8:3; 23:5


9:5; 9:12


7:13; 13:15; 13:16; 19:5

1 Samuel

2:36; 2:36; 9:7; 10:4; 10:4; 14:24; 14:28; 16:20; 17:7; 20:27; 21:4; 21:5; 21:5; 21:7; 21:7; 25:11; 25:18; 28:20; 28:22; 30:12

2 Samuel

6:19; 16:1

1 Kings

7:48; 14:3; 17:6; 17:11; 22:27

2 Kings

4:42; 4:42; 4:42; 18:32

1 Chronicles

9:32; 12:40; 23:29

2 Chronicles

4:19; 13:11; 18:26




3:24; 20:14; 24:5; 28:5


14:4; 41:10; 42:4; 78:20; 80:6; 104:14; 105:16; 127:2; 136:25; 147:9


4:17; 6:8; 20:17; 22:9; 23:3; 27:27; 28:3; 28:21; 30:8; 30:25; 31:14; 31:27


10:19; 11:1


3:1; 28:28; 30:23; 36:17; 44:15; 44:19; 55:10


5:17; 11:19; 16:7; 37:21


4:9; 4:16; 5:16; 13:19; 14:13; 16:19; 24:17; 24:22; 44:7; 48:18




9:4; 9:4; 9:4; 9:4


1:7; 1:7



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3899 matches the Hebrew לֶחֶם (leḥem),
which occurs 299 times in 277 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 6 (Gen 3:19–Lev 21:8)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:19 - in sudore vultus tui vesceris pane donec revertaris in terram de qua sumptus es quia pulvis es et in pulverem reverteris
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:18 - at vero Melchisedech rex Salem proferens panem et vinum erat enim sacerdos Dei altissimi
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:5 - ponam buccellam panis et confortate cor vestrum postea transibitis idcirco enim declinastis ad servum vestrum qui dixerunt fac ut locutus es
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:14 - surrexit itaque Abraham mane et tollens panem et utrem aquae inposuit scapulae eius tradiditque puerum et dimisit eam quae cum abisset errabat in solitudine Bersabee
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:34 - et sic accepto pane et lentis edulio comedit et bibit et abiit parvipendens quod primogenita vendidisset
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:17 - dedit pulmentum et panes quos coxerat tradidit
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:20 - vovit etiam votum dicens si fuerit Deus mecum et custodierit me in via per quam ambulo et dederit mihi panem ad vescendum et vestem ad induendum
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:54 - immolatisque victimis in monte vocavit fratres suos ut ederent panem qui cum comedissent manserunt ibi
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:25 - et sedentes ut comederent panem viderunt viatores Ismahelitas venire de Galaad et camelos eorum portare aromata et resinam et stacten in Aegyptum
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:6 - nec quicquam aliud noverat nisi panem quo vescebatur erat autem Ioseph pulchra facie et decorus aspectu
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:54 - coeperunt venire septem anni inopiae quos praedixerat Ioseph et in universo orbe fames praevaluit in cuncta autem terra Aegypti erat panis
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:55 - qua esuriente clamavit populus ad Pharaonem alimenta petens quibus ille respondit ite ad Ioseph et quicquid vobis dixerit facite
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:25 - illi vero parabant munera donec ingrederetur Ioseph meridie audierant enim quod ibi comesuri essent panem
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:31 - rursusque lota facie egressus continuit se et ait ponite panes
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:32 - quibus adpositis seorsum Ioseph et seorsum fratribus Aegyptiis quoque qui vescebantur simul seorsum inlicitum est enim Aegyptiis comedere cum Hebraeis et profanum putant huiuscemodi convivium
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 45:23 - tantundem pecuniae et vestium mittens patri suo addens eis asinos decem qui subveherent ex omnibus divitiis Aegypti et totidem asinas triticum in itinere panesque portantes
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:12 - et alebat eos omnemque domum patris sui praebens cibaria singulis
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:13 - in toto enim orbe panis deerat et oppresserat fames terram maxime Aegypti et Chanaan
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:15 - cumque defecisset emptoris pretium venit cuncta Aegyptus ad Ioseph dicens da nobis panes quare morimur coram te deficiente pecunia
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:17 - quae cum adduxissent dedit eis alimenta pro equis et ovibus et bubus et asinis sustentavitque eos illo anno pro commutatione pecorum
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:19 - cur ergo morimur te vidente et nos et terra nostra tui erimus eme nos in servitutem regiam et praebe semina ne pereunte cultore redigatur terra in solitudinem
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:20 - Aser pinguis panis eius et praebebit delicias regibus
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:20 - at ille ubi est inquit quare dimisistis hominem vocate eum ut comedat panem
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:3 - dixeruntque ad eos filii Israhel utinam mortui essemus per manum Domini in terra Aegypti quando sedebamus super ollas carnium et comedebamus panes in saturitate cur eduxistis nos in desertum istud ut occideretis omnem multitudinem fame
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:4 - dixit autem Dominus ad Mosen ecce ego pluam vobis panes de caelo egrediatur populus et colligat quae sufficiunt per singulos dies ut temptem eum utrum ambulet in lege mea an non
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:8 - et ait Moses dabit Dominus vobis vespere carnes edere et mane panes in saturitate eo quod audierit murmurationes vestras quibus murmurati estis contra eum nos enim quid sumus nec contra nos est murmur vestrum sed contra Dominum
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:12 - audivi murmurationes filiorum Israhel loquere ad eos vespere comedetis carnes et mane saturabimini panibus scietisque quod sim Dominus Deus vester
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:15 - quod cum vidissent filii Israhel dixerunt ad invicem man hu quod significat quid est hoc ignorabant enim quid esset quibus ait Moses iste est panis quem dedit Dominus vobis ad vescendum
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:22 - in die vero sexta collegerunt cibos duplices id est duo gomor per singulos homines venerunt autem omnes principes multitudinis et narraverunt Mosi
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:29 - videte quod Dominus dederit vobis sabbatum et propter hoc tribuerit vobis die sexto cibos duplices maneat unusquisque apud semet ipsum nullus egrediatur de loco suo die septimo
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:32 - dixit autem Moses iste est sermo quem praecepit Dominus imple gomor ex eo et custodiatur in futuras retro generationes ut noverint panem quo alui vos in solitudine quando educti estis de terra Aegypti
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:12 - obtulit ergo Iethro cognatus Mosi holocausta et hostias Deo veneruntque Aaron et omnes senes Israhel ut comederent panem cum eo coram Domino
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:25 - servietisque Domino Deo vestro ut benedicam panibus tuis et aquis et auferam infirmitatem de medio tui
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 25:30 - et pones super mensam panes propositionis in conspectu meo semper
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:2 - panesque azymos et crustula absque fermento quae conspersa sint oleo lagana quoque azyma oleo lita de simila triticea cuncta facies
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:23 - tortam panis unius crustulum conspersum oleo laganum de canistro azymorum quod positum est in conspectu Domini
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:32 - quibus vescetur Aaron et filii eius panes quoque qui sunt in canistro in vestibulo tabernaculi testimonii comedent
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:34 - quod si remanserit de carnibus consecratis sive de panibus usque mane conbures reliquias igni non comedentur quia sanctificata sunt
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:28 - fecit ergo ibi cum Domino quadraginta dies et quadraginta noctes panem non comedit et aquam non bibit et scripsit in tabulis verba foederis decem
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:13 - arcam et vectes propitiatorium et velum quod ante illud oppanditur
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:36 - candelabrum lucernas et utensilia eorum cum oleo
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 40:23 - [Vulgate 40:21] ordinatis coram propositionis panibus sicut praeceperat Dominus Mosi
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 3:11 - et adolebit ea sacerdos super altare in pabulum ignis et oblationis Domini
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 3:16 - adolebitque ea sacerdos super altare in alimoniam ignis et suavissimi odoris omnis adeps Domini erit
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:13 - panes quoque fermentatos cum hostia gratiarum quae immolatur pro pacificis
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:26 - tollens autem de canistro azymorum quod erat coram Domino panem absque fermento et collyridam conspersam oleo laganumque posuit super adipes et armum dextrum
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:31 - cumque sanctificasset eos in vestitu suo praecepit eis dicens coquite carnes ante fores tabernaculi et ibi comedite eas panes quoque consecrationis edite qui positi sunt in canistro sicut praecepit mihi dicens Aaron et filii eius comedent eos
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:32 - quicquid autem reliquum fuerit de carne et panibus ignis absumet
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:6 - sancti erunt Deo suo et non polluent nomen eius incensum enim Domini et panes Dei sui offerunt et ideo sancti erunt
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:8 - et panes propositionis offert sit ergo sanctus quia et ego sanctus sum Dominus qui sanctifico vos

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