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Lexicon :: Strong's H4522 - mas

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מַס
Transliteration
mas
Pronunciation
mas
Listen
Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1218

Strong’s Definitions

מַס maç, mas; or מִס miç; from H4549; properly, a burden (as causing to faint), i.e. a tax in the form of forced labor:—discomfited, levy, task(-master), tribute(-tary).


KJV Translation Count — Total: 23x

The KJV translates Strong's H4522 in the following manner: tribute (12x), tributary (5x), levy (4x), discomfited (1x), taskmasters (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 23x
The KJV translates Strong's H4522 in the following manner: tribute (12x), tributary (5x), levy (4x), discomfited (1x), taskmasters (1x).
  1. gang or body of forced labourers, task-workers, labour band or gang, forced service, task-work, serfdom, tributary, tribute, levy, taskmasters, discomfited

    1. labour-band, labour-gang, slave gang

    2. gang-overseers

    3. forced service, serfdom, tribute, enforced payment

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מַס maç, mas; or מִס miç; from H4549; properly, a burden (as causing to faint), i.e. a tax in the form of forced labor:—discomfited, levy, task(-master), tribute(-tary).
STRONGS H4522:
† I. מַס noun masculine1Ki 5:27 usually collective body of forced labourers, task-workers, labour-band or gang, also (late) forced service, task-work, serfdom (Targum מִסָּא, especially in phrase מַסְּקֵי מִיסִּין (implying late and [for Biblical Hebrew] false sense 'tribute,' so Late Hebrew מַעֲלֵי מָסִּים; √ unknown, probably loan-word; follows analogue of ע׳׳ע); — absolute ׳span class="Hb maroon">מ 1 Kings 5:27 +; לָמַ֑ס Joshua 17:13 +; הַמַּ֑ס 2 Samuel 20:24 +; plural מִסִּים Exodus 1:11; —
1. labour-band, labour-gang, body of task-workers for public service, formed by levy upon the people by Solomon וַיַּ֫עַל הַמֶּלֶךְ שׁלֹמֹה מַס מִכָּליִֿשְׂרָאֵל 1 Kings 5:27, amounting to 30,000 men 1 Kings 5:27; אֲשֶׁר הֶעֱלָה הַמּ׳ 1 Kings 9:15; וַיַּעֲלֵם שׁ׳ לְמַס עֹבֵד 1 Kings 9:21 and Solomon levied them for a toiling labour-band (compare Genesis 49:15; Joshua 16:10) = לְמַס וַיַּעֲלֵם שׁ׳ 2 Chronicles 8:8; apparently instituted, earlier, by David, compare וַאֲדֹרָם עַלהַֿמַּ֑ס 2 Samuel 20:24, i.e. had charge of the body of labourers, so 1 Kings 4:6; 1 Kings 5:28; 1 Kings 12:18 2 Chronicles 10:18.
2.
a. of labour-bands, slave-gangs of Israel in Egypt, only שָׂרֵי מִסִּים Exodus 1:11 (J) gang-overseers.
b. of conquered populations, subject to forced labour: יִהְיוּ לְךָ לָמַס וַעֲבָדוּךָ Deuteronomy 20:11 compare Judges 1:30, 33, 35 (see GFM), Isaiah 31:8; Lamentations 1:1; so ויהי לְמַס עֹבֵד Joshua 16:10 (compare Genesis 49:15; 1 Kings 9:21); וַיִתְּנוּ אֶתהַֿכְּנַעֲנִי לָמַ֑ס Joshua 17:13, compare (וַיָּ֫שֶׂם וגו׳) Judges 1:28.
3. in general: וַיְהִי לְמַסעֹֿבֵד Genesis 49:15 and he (Issachar) became a slaving labour-band (poem in J; compare Joshua 16:10; 1 Kings 9:21); compare רְמִיָּה תִּהְיֶה לָמַ֑ס Proverbs 12:24 (here apparently of individual)
4. forced service, serfdom (or possibly (in late passage) tribute = enforced payment, compare Late Hebrew, Targum, see above), only of Ahasuerus: וַיָּשֶׂם הַמֶּלֶךְ מַס עַלהָֿאָרֶץ וגו׳ Esther 10:1.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

49:15; 49:15; 49:15

Exodus

1:11; 1:11

Deuteronomy

20:11

Joshua

16:10; 16:10; 16:10; 17:13; 17:13

Judges

1:28; 1:30; 1:33; 1:35

2 Samuel

20:24; 20:24

1 Kings

4:6; 9:15; 9:21; 9:21; 9:21; 12:18

2 Chronicles

8:8; 10:18

Esther

10:1

Proverbs

12:24

Isaiah

31:8

Lamentations

1:1

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4522 matches the Hebrew מַס (mas),
which occurs 23 times in 22 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:15 - “When he saw that a resting place was good
And that the land was pleasant,
He bowed his shoulder to bear burdens,
And became a slave at forced H4522 labor. H4522
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:11 - So they appointed taskmasters H4522 over them to afflict them with [fn]hard labor. And they built for Pharaoh storage cities, Pithom and Raamses.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:11 - “If it [fn]agrees to make peace with you and opens to you, then all the people who are found in it shall become your forced H4522 labor H4522 and shall serve you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 16:10 - But they did not [fn]drive out the Canaanites who lived in Gezer, so the Canaanites live in the midst of Ephraim to this day, and they became forced H4522 laborers. H4522
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 17:13 - It came about when the sons of Israel became strong, they put the Canaanites to forced H4522 labor, H4522 but they did not [fn]drive them out completely.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:28 - It came about when Israel became strong, that they put the Canaanites to forced H4522 labor, H4522 but they did not drive them out completely.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:30 - Zebulun did not drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, or the inhabitants of [fn]Nahalol; so the Canaanites lived among them and became subject to forced H4522 labor. H4522
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:33 - Naphtali did not drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh, or the inhabitants of Beth-anath, but lived among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; and the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh and Beth-anath became forced H4522 labor H4522 for them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:35 - yet the Amorites persisted in [fn]living in Mount Heres, in Aijalon and in Shaalbim; but when the [fn]power of the house of Joseph [fn]grew strong, they became forced H4522 labor. H4522
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:24 - and Adoram was over the forced H4522 labor, H4522 and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 4:6 - and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men H4522 subject to forced H4522 labor. H4522
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 5:13 - Now King Solomon [fn]levied forced H4522 laborers H4522 from all Israel; and the forced H4522 laborers H4522 [fn]numbered 30,000 men.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 5:14 - He sent them to Lebanon, 10,000 a month in relays; they were in Lebanon a month and two months at home. And Adoniram was over the forced H4522 laborers. H4522
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 9:15 - Now this is the account of the forced H4522 labor H4522 which King Solomon levied to build the house of the LORD, his own house, the [fn]Millo, the wall of Jerusalem, Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 9:21 - their descendants who were left after them in the land whom the sons of Israel were unable to destroy utterly, from them Solomon levied forced H4522 laborers, H4522 even to this day.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 12:18 - Then King Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the forced H4522 labor, H4522 and all Israel stoned him [fn]to death. And King Rehoboam made haste to mount his chariot to flee to Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 8:8 - namely, from their descendants who were left after them in the land whom the sons of Israel had not destroyed, them Solomon raised as forced H4522 laborers H4522 to this day.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 10:18 - Then King Rehoboam sent Hadoram, who was over the forced H4522 labor, H4522 and the sons of Israel stoned him [fn]to death. And King Rehoboam made haste to mount his chariot to flee to Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 10:1 - Now King Ahasuerus laid a tribute H4522 on the land and on the coastlands of the sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 12:24 - The hand of the diligent will rule,
But the [fn]slack hand will be put to forced H4522 labor. H4522
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 31:8 - And the Assyrian will fall by a sword not of man,
And a sword not of man will devour him.
So he will [fn]not escape the sword,
And his young men will become forced H4522 laborers. H4522
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:1 - How lonely sits the city
That was full of people!
She has become like a widow
Who was once great among the nations!
She who was a princess among the [fn]provinces
Has become a forced H4522 laborer! H4522

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