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Lexicon :: Strong's H637 - 'ap̄

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Part of Speech
adverb, conjunction
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive particle
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 142

Strong’s Definitions

אַף ʼaph, af; a primitive particle; meaning accession (used as an adverb or conjunction); also or yea; adversatively though:—also, + although, and (furthermore, yet), but, even, + how much less (more, rather than), moreover, with, yea.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 17x

The KJV translates Strong's H637 in the following manner: also, even, yet, moreover, yea, with, low, therefore, much.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 17x
The KJV translates Strong's H637 in the following manner: also, even, yet, moreover, yea, with, low, therefore, much.
conjunction (denoting addition, especially of something greater)
  1. also, yea, though, so much the more

  2. furthermore, indeed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אַף ʼaph, af; a primitive particle; meaning accession (used as an adverb or conjunction); also or yea; adversatively though:—also, + although, and (furthermore, yet), but, even, + how much less (more, rather than), moreover, with, yea.
STRONGS H637: Abbreviations
II. אַף conjunction denoting addition, especially of something greater, also, yea (so Phoenician, Aramaic PAx  , אַף, אוֺף; compare فَ).
1. very rare in plain prose (in which גַּם is more usual): Genesis 40:16* (*with pronoun, as rather often) Ialso in my dream, Numbers 16:14; Deuteronomy 2:11*; Deuteronomy 2:20* 2 Samuel 20:14 (see Dr) 2 Kings 2:14 * Esther 5:12; more frequently in poetry, especially as introducing emphatically a new thought Deuteronomy 33:3, 20, 28; 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 16:6; Psalm 16:7; Psalm 16:9; Psalm 18:49; Psalm 65:14 they shout for joy, yea, they sing! Psalm 68:9; Psalm 68:17; Psalm 74:16; Psalm 89:28Psalm 1; Proverbs 22:19* Proverbs 23:28* +; or in more elevated prose style, Leviticus 26:16*; Leviticus 26:24*; Leviticus 26:28*; Leviticus 26:41*; and + 25 times in the impassioned rhetoric of Isa2 (Isaiah 40:24-48:15), e.g. Isaiah 40:24; Isaiah 41:10, 26; Isaiah 42:13; Isaiah 43:7, 19; Isaiah 46:11 yea, I have spoken, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed, I will also do it! Isaiah 48:12, 15. Implying something surprising or unexpected, even, indeed Job 14:3; Job 15:4*. וְאַף and also Leviticus 26:39, 40, 42, 44; Deuteronomy 15:17; Habakkuk 2:15; Psalm 68:19; 1 Chronicles 8:32* = 1 Chronicles 9:38* 2 Chronicles 12:5* Nehemiah 2:18; Nehemiah 13:15; and even Job 19:4 וְאַף־אָמְנָם שָׁגִיתִי and even indeed (if) I have erred... With הֲ, הַאַף indeed...? really...? † Genesis 18:13, 23 wilt thou indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked? Genesis 18:24; Amos 2:11; Job 34:17; Job 40:8. In contrast to a preceding thought (expressed or implied) but, nay (imo) Psalm 44:10; Psalm 58:3; compare Judges 5:29*.
2. (Equally in prose and poetry) with reference to a preceding sentence, yea, à fortiori, the more so (= how much more! after an affirm. clause; = how much less! after a negative one): 2 Samuel 4:10f. when one told me, Saul is dead... I took hold of him and slew him... אַף כִּי־אֲנָשִׁים רְשָׁעִים הָרְגוּ וג׳ à fortiori, how much more (should I do so when wicked men have slain a righteous person, etc.! Ezekiel 14:21 (Ew Hi) Ezekiel 15:5; Proverbs 21:27 (in all these passages כִּי = when) Job 4:19. So וְאַף1 Samuel 23:3; 2 Kings 5:13... וְאַף כִּי־אָמַר אֵלֶיךָ and the more (= and how much rather), when he hath said to thee, etc. More commonly in this sense strengthened by כִּי (q. v.), see below
אַף כִּי
1. furthermoreEzekiel 23:40; Habakkuk 2:5 (Ges quin imo, quin etiam).
2. in a question, indeed (is it) that...? † Genesis 3:1 אַף כִּי־אָמַר אֱלֹהִים indeed, that God has said...? i.e. has God really said...? (compare הַאַף above).
3. with reference to a preceding sentence (which is often introduced by הֵן or הִנֵּה), yea, that...! i.e. how much more (or less) ! † Proverbs 11:31 lo, the righteous is recompensed in the earth וְחוֺטֵא רָשָׁע כִּי אַֹף 'tis indeed that (= how much more) the wicked and the sinner! Proverbs 15:11; Proverbs 17:7; Proverbs 19:7, 10; Job 9:14; Job 15:16; Job 25:6; 1 Samuel 14:30; 1 Kings 8:27 (= 2 Chronicles 6:18) lo, the heavens... cannot contain thee אַ֕ף כִּי הַבַּיִת הַזֶּה 'tis indeed that this house (cannot do so), i.e. how much less this house! 2 Chronicles 32:15. So וְאַף כִּיDeuteronomy 31:27; 1 Samuel 21:6 (perhaps; but see RSSemitic i. 436 DrSm 293) 2 Samuel 16:11. (In Job 35:14 (Hi De) Nehemiah 9:18 אַף כִּי is simply = yea, when...)

See related Aramaic BDB entry H638.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:1; 18:13; 18:23; 18:24; 40:16


26:16; 26:24; 26:28; 26:39; 26:40; 26:41; 26:42; 26:44




2:11; 2:20; 15:17; 31:27; 33:3; 33:20; 33:28



1 Samuel

2:7; 14:30; 21:6; 23:3

2 Samuel

4:10; 16:11; 20:14

1 Kings


2 Kings

2:14; 5:13

1 Chronicles

8:32; 9:38

2 Chronicles

6:18; 12:5; 32:15


2:18; 9:18; 13:15




4:19; 9:14; 14:3; 15:4; 15:16; 19:4; 25:6; 34:17; 35:14; 40:8


1; 16:6; 16:7; 16:9; 18:49; 44:10; 58:3; 68:9; 68:17; 68:19; 74:16; 89:28


11:31; 15:11; 17:7; 19:7; 19:10; 21:27; 22:19; 23:28


40:24; 40:24; 40:25; 40:26; 40:27; 40:28; 40:29; 40:30; 40:31; 41:1; 41:2; 41:3; 41:4; 41:5; 41:6; 41:7; 41:8; 41:9; 41:10; 41:10; 41:11; 41:12; 41:13; 41:14; 41:15; 41:16; 41:17; 41:18; 41:19; 41:20; 41:21; 41:22; 41:23; 41:24; 41:25; 41:26; 41:26; 41:27; 41:28; 41:29; 42:1; 42:2; 42:3; 42:4; 42:5; 42:6; 42:7; 42:8; 42:9; 42:10; 42:11; 42:12; 42:13; 42:13; 42:14; 42:15; 42:16; 42:17; 42:18; 42:19; 42:20; 42:21; 42:22; 42:23; 42:24; 42:25; 43:1; 43:2; 43:3; 43:4; 43:5; 43:6; 43:7; 43:7; 43:8; 43:9; 43:10; 43:11; 43:12; 43:13; 43:14; 43:15; 43:16; 43:17; 43:18; 43:19; 43:19; 43:20; 43:21; 43:22; 43:23; 43:24; 43:25; 43:26; 43:27; 43:28; 44:1; 44:2; 44:3; 44:4; 44:5; 44:6; 44:7; 44:8; 44:9; 44:10; 44:11; 44:12; 44:13; 44:14; 44:15; 44:16; 44:17; 44:18; 44:19; 44:20; 44:21; 44:22; 44:23; 44:24; 44:25; 44:26; 44:27; 44:28; 45:1; 45:2; 45:3; 45:4; 45:5; 45:6; 45:7; 45:8; 45:9; 45:10; 45:11; 45:12; 45:13; 45:14; 45:15; 45:16; 45:17; 45:18; 45:19; 45:20; 45:21; 45:22; 45:23; 45:24; 45:25; 46:1; 46:2; 46:3; 46:4; 46:5; 46:6; 46:7; 46:8; 46:9; 46:10; 46:11; 46:11; 46:12; 46:13; 47:1; 47:2; 47:3; 47:4; 47:5; 47:6; 47:7; 47:8; 47:9; 47:10; 47:11; 47:12; 47:13; 47:14; 47:15; 48:1; 48:2; 48:3; 48:4; 48:5; 48:6; 48:7; 48:8; 48:9; 48:10; 48:11; 48:12; 48:12; 48:13; 48:14; 48:15; 48:15


14:21; 15:5; 23:40




2:5; 2:15

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H637 matches the Hebrew אַף ('ap̄),
which occurs 134 times in 123 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 3:1–Job 25:6)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:1 -

Now the serpent was more cunning than any animal of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, “Has God really H637 said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:13 - But the LORD said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Shall I actually H637 give birth to a child, when I am so old?’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:23 - Abraham approached and said, “Will You indeed H637 sweep away the righteous with the wicked?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:24 - “Suppose there are fifty righteous people within the city; will You indeed H637 sweep it away and not [fn]spare the place for the sake of the fifty righteous who are in it?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:16 -

When the chief baker saw that he had interpreted favorably, he said to Joseph, “I also H637 saw in my dream, and behold, there were three baskets of white bread on my head;

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:16 - I, in H637 turn H637, will do this to you: I will [fn]summon a sudden terror against you, consumption and fever that will make the eyes fail and the soul languish; also, you will sow your seed uselessly, for your enemies will eat it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:24 - then I in H637 turn H637 will show hostility toward you; and I, even I, will strike you seven times for your sins.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:28 - then I will act with wrathful hostility against you, and I for My part H637 will punish you seven times for your sins.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:39 - ‘So those of you who may be left will rot away because of their wrongdoing in the lands of your enemies; and also H637 because of the wrongdoing of their forefathers they will rot away with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:40 -

‘But if they confess their wrongdoing and the wrongdoing of their forefathers, in their unfaithfulness which they committed against Me, and also H637 in their acting with hostility against Me—

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:41 - I also H637 was acting with hostility against them, to bring them into the land of their enemies—or if their uncircumcised heart is humbled so that they then make amends for their wrongdoing,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:42 - then I will remember My covenant with Jacob, and I will remember also H637 My covenant with Isaac, and My covenant with Abraham as well H637, and I will remember the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:44 - ‘Yet in spite H637 of this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them, nor will I so loathe them as to destroy them, breaking My covenant with them; for I am the LORD their God.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:14 - “Indeed H637, you have not brought us into a land flowing with milk and honey, nor have you given us an inheritance of fields and vineyards. Would you gouge out the eyes of [fn]these men? We will not come up!”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:11 - “Like the Anakim, they too H637 are regarded as Rephaim, but the Moabites call them Emim.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:20 - “(It is also H637 regarded as the land of the Rephaim, because the Rephaim previously lived in it, but the Ammonites call them Zamzummin,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 15:17 - then you shall take an [fn]awl and pierce it through his ear into the door, and he shall be your servant permanently. You shall also H637 do the same to your female slave.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:27 - “For I know your rebellion and your [fn]stubbornness; behold, as long as I have been alive with you until today, you have been rebellious against the LORD; how H637 much H637 more H637, then, after my death?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:3 -

“Indeed H637, He loves [fn]the people;

All [fn]Your holy ones are in Your hand,

And they [fn]followed in Your steps;

Everyone takes of Your words.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:20 -

Of Gad he said,

“Blessed is the one who enlarges Gad;

He lies down as a [fn]lion,

And tears the arm, also H637 the crown of the head.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:28 -

“So Israel lives in security,

The fountain of Jacob secluded,

In a land of grain and new wine;

His heavens also H637 drip down dew.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:29 -

“Her wise princesses would answer her,

Indeed H637 she repeats her words to herself,

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:7 -

“The LORD makes poor and rich;

He humbles, He also H637 exalts.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:30 - “How H637 much H637 more H637, if only the people had freely eaten today of the spoils of their enemies which they found! For now the defeat among the Philistines has not been great.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:5 - David answered the priest and said to him, “Be assured, women have been denied to us as previously when I left and the [fn]bodies of the young men were consecrated, though it was an ordinary journey; how H637 much H637 more H637 then will [fn]their bodies be consecrated today?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:3 - But David’s men said to him, “Behold, we are fearful here in Judah. How H637 much H637 more H637 then if we go to Keilah against the ranks of the Philistines?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 4:11 - “How H637 much H637 more H637, when wicked men have killed a righteous man in his own house on his bed, shall I not now require his blood from your hands and eliminate you both from the earth?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 16:11 - Then David said to Abishai and to all his servants, “Behold, my son who came out of my own body seeks my life; how H637 much H637 more H637 now this Benjaminite? Leave him alone and let him curse, for the LORD has told him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:14 -

Now he went on through all the tribes of Israel to Abel, that is, Beth-maacah, and all the Berites; and they assembled and went after him as well H637.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:27 -

“But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the [fn]highest heaven cannot contain You, how H637 much H637 less H637 this house which I have built!

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 2:14 - Then he took the coat of Elijah that had fallen from him and struck the waters, and said, “Where is the LORD, the God of Elijah?” And when he also H637 had struck the waters, they were divided here and there; and Elisha crossed over.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:13 - Then his servants approached and spoke to him, [fn]saying, “My father, had the prophet told you to do some great thing, would you not have done it? How H637 much H637 more H637 then, when he says to you, ‘Wash, and be clean’?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 8:32 - Mikloth fathered [fn]Shimeah. They also H637 lived with their relatives in Jerusalem opposite their other relatives.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 9:38 - Mikloth fathered Shimeam. And they also H637 lived with their relatives in Jerusalem opposite their other relatives.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:30 -

Tremble before Him, all the earth;

Indeed H637, the world is firmly established, it will not be moved.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:18 -

“But will God really dwell with mankind on the earth? Behold, heaven and the [fn]highest heaven cannot contain You; how H637 much H637 less H637 this house which I have built!

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 12:5 - Then Shemaiah the prophet came to Rehoboam and the princes of Judah who had gathered at Jerusalem because of Shishak, and he said to them, “This is what the LORD says: ‘You have abandoned Me, so I also H637 have abandoned you [fn]to Shishak.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 32:15 - ‘Now then, do not let Hezekiah deceive you or mislead you like this, and do not believe him, for no god of any nation or kingdom was able to save his people from my hand or from the hand of my fathers. How H637 much H637 less H637 will your God save you from my hand?’”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 2:18 - And I told them how the hand of my God had been favorable to me and also H637 about the king’s words which he had spoken to me. Then they said, “Let’s arise and build.” So they put their hands to the good work.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:18 -

“Even H637 when they made for themselves

A calf of cast metal

And said, ‘This is your [fn]god

Who brought you up from Egypt,’

And committed great blasphemies,

Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:15 -

In those days I saw in Judah people who were treading wine presses on the Sabbath, and bringing in sacks of grain and loading them on donkeys, as well H637 as wine, grapes, figs, and every kind of load, and they were bringing them into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. So I admonished them on the day they sold food.

Unchecked Copy BoxEst 5:12 - Haman also H637 said, “Even H637 Esther the queen let no one except me come with the king to the banquet which she had prepared; and tomorrow also I am invited by her with the king.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:19 -

‘How H637 much H637 more H637 those who live in houses of clay,

Whose foundation is in the dust,

Who are crushed before the moth!

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 6:27 -

“You would even H637 cast lots for the orphans,

And barter over your friend.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:14 -

“How H637 then H637 can I [fn]answer Him,

And choose my words [fn]before Him?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:3 -

“You also H637 open Your eyes on him

And bring [fn]him into judgment with Yourself.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:4 -

“Indeed H637, you do away with [fn]reverence,

And hinder meditation before God.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:16 -

How H637 much H637 less H637 one who is detestable and corrupt:

A person who drinks [fn]malice like water!

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:4 -

“Even H637 if I have truly done wrong,

My error stays with me.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 25:6 -

How H637 much H637 less H637 man, that maggot,

And a son of man, that worm!”

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 3:1–Job 25:6) Gen 3:1–Job 25:6

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Job 32:10–Isa 35:2

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