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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H6822 - ṣāp̄â

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1950

Strong’s Definitions

צָפָה tsâphâh, tsaw-faw'; a primitive root; properly, to lean forward, i.e. to peer into the distance; by implication, to observe, await:—behold, espy, look up (well), wait for, (keep the) watch(-man).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x

The KJV translates Strong's H6822 in the following manner: watchman (20x), watch (8x), behold (2x), look (2x), espy (1x), look up (1x), waited (1x), look well (1x), variant for Zophim (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x
The KJV translates Strong's H6822 in the following manner: watchman (20x), watch (8x), behold (2x), look (2x), espy (1x), look up (1x), waited (1x), look well (1x), variant for Zophim (1x).
  1. to look out or about, spy, keep watch, observe, watch

    1. (Qal) to keep watch, spy

    2. (Piel) to watch, watch closely

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
צָפָה tsâphâh, tsaw-faw'; a primitive root; properly, to lean forward, i.e. to peer into the distance; by implication, to observe, await:—behold, espy, look up (well), wait for, (keep the) watch(-man).
STRONGS H6822: Abbreviations
I. [צָפָה]37 verb look out or about, spy keep watch (Late Hebrew id., Pi. hope; Ethiopic bdb085902 III. hope); —
Qal28 Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular jussive יִצֶף בֵּינִי וּבֵינֶ֑ךָ Genesis 31:49 (J) may י׳ keep watch between me and thee (that the covenant be kept = עֵד וגו׳ א׳ Genesis 31:50); 3rd person feminine plural תִּצְפֶּי֑נָה בַּגּוֺיִם עֵינָיו Psalm 66:9 [Psalm 66:7] his eyes keep watch upon the nations; Participle active צוֺפֶה רָשָׁע֫ לַצַּדִּיק Psalm 37:32 a wicked man spieth upon the righteous; Song 7:5 [Song 7:4] the town which looketh toward (מְּנֵי) Damascus; feminine צוֺפִיָּה Proverbs 31:27 she keepeth watch of (with accusative); plural עֵינֵי י׳ צֹפוֺת רָעִים וְטוֺבִים Proverbs 15:3; elsewhere as substantive watchman, absoluteצֹפֶה 2 Samuel 13:34 +; plural צֹפִים 1 Samuel 14:16 +, suffix צֹפָיו Isaiah 56:10 Qr (Kt צפו), צֹפַיִךְ Isaiah 52:8; — 1 Samuel 14:16; 2 Samuel 13:34 8 times Samuel Kings, Ezekiel 33:2, Ezekiel 33:6 (twice in verse); Isaiah 52:8, so in שְׂדֵה צֹפִים [H6839 Numbers 23:14] (JE); figurative of prophets Hosea 9:8; Jeremiah 6:17; Ezekiel 3:17; Ezekiel 33:7; Isaiah 56:10; — צוֺפִים 1 Samuel 1:1 see צוּפִי; Passive participle צָפוּ (Manuscripts and Qr צָפוּי), Job 15:22 spied out (and brought) to (אֱלֵי) the sword (Em Bi PerlesAnal. 29 צָפוּן compare Di Bu).
Pi. Perfect 1st person plural צִפִּינוּ Lamentations 4:17; Imperfect 1st person singular אֲצַפֶּה Micah 7:7 +; Imperative masculine singular צַפֵּה Nahum 2:2, feminine singular צַפִּי Jeremiah 48:19; Participle מְצַפֶּה 1 Samuel 4:13; Isaiah 21:6; plural suffix מְצַפֶּיךָ Micah 7:4; — watch (closely), אֶלרֶּֿרֶךְ עִמְדִי וְצ׳ Jeremiah 48:19, דֶֿרֶךְ צ׳ Nahum 2:2 [Nahum 2:1]; + אֶל of person expected Lamentations 4:17; figurative אֲצַפֶּה בְּי׳ Micah 7:7; absolute literal 1 Samuel 4:13; figurative Habakkuk 2:1 I will look forth, to see (לִרְאוֺת) what he will say; Psalm 5:4 [Psalm 5:3] I will look out (expectantly); participle as noun = watchman Isaiah 21:6; Micah 7:4.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


31:49; 31:50

1 Samuel

1:1; 4:13; 4:13; 14:16; 14:16

2 Samuel

13:34; 13:34




5:3; 37:32; 66:7


15:3; 31:27

Song of Songs



21:6; 21:6; 52:8; 52:8; 56:10; 56:10


6:17; 48:19; 48:19


4:17; 4:17


3:17; 33:2; 33:6; 33:7




7:4; 7:4; 7:7; 7:7


2:1; 2:2



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6822 matches the Hebrew צָפָה (ṣāp̄â),
which occurs 37 times in 33 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:49 - And Mizpah; for he said, The LORD watch H6822 between me and thee, when we are absent one from another.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 4:13 - And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside watching: H6822 for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city, and told it, all the city cried out.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:16 - And the watchmen H6822 of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down one another.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:34 - But Absalom fled. And the young man that kept the watch H6822 lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came much people by the way of the hill side behind him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:24 - And David sat between the two gates: and the watchman H6822 went up to the roof over the gate unto the wall, and lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold a man running alone.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:25 - And the watchman H6822 cried, and told the king. And the king said, If he be alone, there is tidings in his mouth. And he came apace, and drew near.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:26 - And the watchman H6822 saw another man running: and the watchman H6822 called unto the porter, and said, Behold another man running alone. And the king said, He also bringeth tidings.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:27 - And the watchman H6822 said, Me thinketh the running of the foremost is like the running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok. And the king said, He is a good man, and cometh with good tidings.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:17 - And there stood a watchman H6822 on the tower in Jezreel, and he spied the company of Jehu as he came, and said, I see a company. And Joram said, Take an horseman, and send to meet them, and let him say, Is it peace?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:18 - So there went one on horseback to meet him, and said, Thus saith the king, Is it peace? And Jehu said, What hast thou to do with peace? turn thee behind me. And the watchman H6822 told, saying, The messenger came to them, but he cometh not again.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:20 - And the watchman H6822 told, saying, He came even unto them, and cometh not again: and the driving is like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi; for he driveth furiously.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:22 - He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited H6822 for of the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 5:3 - My voice shalt thou hear in the morning, O LORD; in the morning will I direct my prayer unto thee, and will look up. H6822
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:32 - The wicked watcheth H6822 the righteous, and seeketh to slay him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 66:7 - He ruleth by his power for ever; his eyes behold H6822 the nations: let not the rebellious exalt themselves. Selah.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 15:3 - The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding H6822 the evil and the good.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 31:27 - She looketh well H6822 to the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of idleness.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 7:4 - Thy neck is as a tower of ivory; thine eyes like the fishpools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bathrabbim: thy nose is as the tower of Lebanon which looketh H6822 toward Damascus.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:6 - For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Go, set a watchman, H6822 let him declare what he seeth.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 52:8 - Thy watchmen H6822 shall lift up the voice; with the voice together shall they sing: for they shall see eye to eye, when the LORD shall bring again Zion.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 56:10 - His watchmen H6822 are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:17 - Also I set watchmen H6822 over you, saying, Hearken to the sound of the trumpet. But they said, We will not hearken.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:19 - O inhabitant of Aroer, stand by the way, and espy; H6822 ask him that fleeth, and her that escapeth, and say, What is done?
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:17 - As for us, our eyes as yet failed for our vain help: in our watching we have watched H6822 for a nation that could not save us.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 3:17 - Son of man, I have made thee a watchman H6822 unto the house of Israel: therefore hear the word at my mouth, and give them warning from me.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 33:2 - Son of man, speak to the children of thy people, and say unto them, When I bring the sword upon a land, if the people of the land take a man of their coasts, and set him for their watchman: H6822
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 33:6 - But if the watchman H6822 see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword come, and take any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman's H6822 hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 33:7 - So thou, O son of man, I have set thee a watchman H6822 unto the house of Israel; therefore thou shalt hear the word at my mouth, and warn them from me.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 9:8 - The watchman H6822 of Ephraim was with my God: but the prophet is a snare of a fowler in all his ways, and hatred in the house of his God.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 7:4 - The best of them is as a brier: the most upright is sharper than a thorn hedge: the day of thy watchmen H6822 and thy visitation cometh; now shall be their perplexity.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 7:7 - Therefore I will look H6822 unto the LORD; I will wait for the God of my salvation: my God will hear me.
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 2:1 - He that dasheth in pieces is come up before thy face: keep the munition, watch H6822 the way, make thy loins strong, fortify thy power mightily.
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:1 - I will stand upon my watch, and set me upon the tower, and will watch H6822 to see what he will say unto me, and what I shall answer when I am reproved.
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