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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H7901 - šāḵaḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2381

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁכַב shâkab, shaw-kab'; a primitive root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose):—× at all, cast down, (lover-)lay (self) (down), (make to) lie (down, down to sleep, still with), lodge, ravish, take rest, sleep, stay.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 212x

The KJV translates Strong's H7901 in the following manner: lie (106x), sleep (48x), lie down (43x), rest (3x), lien (2x), miscellaneous (10x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 212x
The KJV translates Strong's H7901 in the following manner: lie (106x), sleep (48x), lie down (43x), rest (3x), lien (2x), miscellaneous (10x).
  1. to lie down

    1. (Qal)

      1. to lie, lie down, lie on

      2. to lodge

      3. to lie (of sexual relations)

      4. to lie down (in death)

      5. to rest, relax (fig)

    2. (Niphal) to be lain with (sexually)

    3. (Pual) to be lain with (sexually)

    4. (Hiphil) to make to lie down

    5. (Hophal) to be laid

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁכַב shâkab, shaw-kab'; a primitive root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose):—× at all, cast down, (lover-)lay (self) (down), (make to) lie (down, down to sleep, still with), lodge, ravish, take rest, sleep, stay.
STRONGS H7901: Abbreviations
שָׁכַב (LagBN 63) verb lie down (Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew; שכב Ecclus 47:23 (in death), משכב bed Ecclesiasticus 40:5; Ecclesiasticus 47:20d, = death bed Ecclesiasticus 46:19; Phoenician שכב, משכב (see מ׳ 1 below), Lzb375; Ethiopic bdb101103 lie, Aramaic שְׁכַב, bdb101104; Nabataean משכבא couch; Arabic bdb101201 only pour out (water, tears), be poured out (compare Hiph. below, and LagBN 63)); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Genesis 26:10 +, etc.; Imperfect יִשְׁכַּב Genesis 30:15 +, 3rd person masculine plural יִשְׁכְּבֻן 1 Samuel 2:22, יִשְׁכָּב֑וּן Joshua 2:8; Job 30:17, etc.; Imperative masculine singular שְׁכַב 2 Samuel 13:5; Ezekiel 4:4, שִׁכְבָה Genesis 39:7, 12, etc.; Infinitive absolute שָׁכֹב Leviticus 15:24; construct שְׁכַב 1 Kings 1:21 +, suffix שָׁכְבוֺ Ruth 3:4, שִׁכְבָהּ Genesis 19:33, 35, שָׁכְבְּךָ Deuteronomy 6:7 + 2 times; Participle שֹׁכֵב Genesis 28:13 +, feminine שֹׁכֶ֫בֶת Micah 7:5; Ruth 3:8, etc.; —
1. lie down (sometimes opposed to קוּם, הֵקִיץ):
a. Judges 5:27 (prostrated by blow, + כָּרַע, נָפַל).
b. to sleep, Genesis 19:4 (J), Genesis 28:11 (E), 1 Samuel 3:5; Deuteronomy 7:7; Proverbs 6:22 + often; read וַיִּשְׁכַּב also (for וַיַּשְׁכֵּם) 1 Samuel 9:26 Greek Version of the LXX Th We Dr and modern; שׁ׳ + יָשֵׁן sleep 1 Kings 19:5; Psalm 3:6; Psalm 4:9, compare Proverbs 3:24 (twice in verse), + נִרְדָּם Jonah 1:5; = be lying 1 Samuel 3:2, 3; 1 Samuel 26:5 (all בְּ local), 1 Samuel 26:7; 1 Samuel 4:5 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb noon-repose), 2 Samuel 13:8, compare שֹׁכֵב בְּלֶביָֿם Proverbs 23:34, of two lying (together, for warmth) Ecclesiastes 4:11; + be sleeping 1 Samuel 26:7 = keep lying, with עַד Judges 16:3; 1 Samuel 3:15; Ruth 3:13; Proverbs 6:9; emphasis on resting, Leviticus 26:6 (H), Job 11:18; token of mourning, וְשָׁכַב אָ֑רְצָה (וְלָן) 2 Samuel 12:16, compare 2 Samuel 13:21, בַּשָּׂק שׁ׳ 1 Kings 21:27, בֵּין שְׁפַתָּ֑יִם שׁ׳ Psalm 68:14 (of indolence?); figurative of prostration by disease Psalm 41:9; among foes Psalm 57:5; of humiliation Jeremiah 3:25; with עַל of thing: land Genesis 28:13 (J), usually bed 2 Samuel 13:5; 1 Kings 21:4; Leviticus 15:4, 24, 26, compare Leviticus 15:20, for midday repose 2 Samuel 4:7.
c. lie on (עַל) one's side Ezekiel 4:4 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 4:6, 9 (symbolic).
d. lie, עַל person 1 Kings 3:19 (fatally), 2 Kings 4:34 (to revive).
e. lie בְּחֵיק, of lamb (i.e. be cherished) 2 Samuel 12:3, of woman Micah 7:5 (intimacy), 1 Kings 1:2 (vital warmth); lie down for copulation Genesis 19:33, 35 (of woman, see 3 below; both opposed to קוּם).
2. = lodge (for night), (שָׁ֫מָּהׅ שׁ׳ Joshua 2:1 (E), 2 Kings 4:11, compare 2 Kings 9:16 (yet perhaps = lie ill), Leviticus 14:47 (בְּ local).
3..of sexual relations, lie with: subject man, with עִם Genesis 30:15, 16; Genesis 39:7, 12, 14 (J), Exodus 22:13 (E), Deuteronomy 22:22 + 8 times Deuteronomy; 2 Samuel 11:4, 11; 2 Samuel 12:11, 24; Leviticus 15:33; with אֶת feminine with (MT אֹתָהּ, etc., originally אִתָּהּ, etc., see Dr 2 Samuel 13:14 and II. אֵת, above), Genesis 26:10; Genesis 34:2, 7; Genesis 35:22 (all J), 1 Samuel 2:22 (omitted by Greek Version of the LXX and modern), 2 Samuel 13:14; Ezekiel 23:8 (figurative), Leviticus 15:24 (שָׁכֹב יִשְׁכַּב), Numbers 5:19, also (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb שִׁכְבַתזֶֿרַע) Numbers 5:13; Leviticus 15:18; Leviticus 19:20; with accusative (suffix) feminine Deuteronomy 28:30 Kt (see [שָׁגֵל]); with אֵצֶל feminine Genesis 39:10 (J); with אֵת of a man (sodomy), Leviticus 18:22; Leviticus 20:13 (both H; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מִשְׁכְּבֵי אִשָּׁה); with עִםבְּֿהֵמָה Deuteronomy 27:21; Leviticus 22:18 (H); subject woman, with עִם of a man Genesis 19:32, 34, 35 (J) 2 Samuel 13:11; אֵת of a man Genesis 19:33, 34 (compare 1e above).
a. lie down in death, Isaiah 14:8; Isaiah 43:17 (opposed to קוּם), Ezekiel 31:18; Ezekiel 32:27, 28, 29, 30; Job 14:12 (opposed to קוּם, הֵקִיץ), וְאֶשְׁקוֺט שׁ׳ Job 3:12; be lying (dead) Isaiah 51:20; Lamentations 2:21.
b. especially in phrase עִם אֲבוֺתָיו שׁ׳ lie down with his fathers, of kings 1 Kings 1:21; 1 Kings 2:10 + 35 times Kings Chronicles, compare Genesis 47:30 (J) Deuteronomy 31:16, and (with אֵת) 2 Samuel 7:12
c. in grave, בְּבֵיתוֺ Isaiah 14:18 (opposed to מִקִּבְרְךָ), שֹׁכְבֵי קֶבֶר Psalm 88:6; לֶעָפָר Job 7:21, עַלעֿ׳ Job 20:11; Job 21:26; in She'ôl Ezekiel 32:21; in Gehenna (?) Isaiah 50:11.
5. figurative = relax: Job 30:17 my gnawing pains do not sleep; = have rest, לִבּוֺ לֹא שׁ׳ Ecclesiastes 2:23.
Niph. Pu. = be lain with (sexually; subject woman), only as Qr for Kt [שָׁגֵל] Niph. Pu. which see.
Hiph. lay, Perfect 3rd person feminine singular הִשְׁכִּיבָה with accusative puer. + בְּחֵיק 1 Kings 3:20, so Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular suffix וַתַּשְׁכִּיבֵהוּ 1 Kings 3:20, compare (עַלמִֿטָּה) 1 Kings 17:19; 2 Kings 4:21; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁכֵּב אוֺתָם אַ֫רְצָה 2 Samuel 8:2 making them lie down on ground; Imperfect also lay בַּמִּשְׁכָּב 2 Chronicles 16:14 (of burial); נִבְלֵי שָׁמַיִם מִי יַשְׁכִּיב Job 38:37 i.e. tip them so that contents may flow out (compare Arabic bdb101202 above).
Hoph. Participle מֻשְׁכָּב 2 Kings 4:32 laid עַלמִֿטָּה; Perfect consecutive וְהֻשְׁכַּב Ezekiel 32:32 shall be laid (in death), with בְּתוֺךְ and אֵת person (with); so Imperative masculine singular הָשְׁכְּבָה Ezekiel 32:19 (with אֵת person only).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


19:4; 19:32; 19:33; 19:33; 19:33; 19:34; 19:34; 19:35; 19:35; 19:35; 26:10; 26:10; 28:11; 28:13; 28:13; 30:15; 30:15; 30:16; 34:2; 34:7; 35:22; 39:7; 39:7; 39:10; 39:12; 39:12; 39:14; 47:30




14:47; 15:4; 15:18; 15:20; 15:24; 15:24; 15:24; 15:26; 15:33; 18:22; 19:20; 20:13; 22:18; 26:6


5:13; 5:19


6:7; 7:7; 22:22; 27:21; 28:30; 31:16


2:1; 2:8


5:27; 16:3


3:4; 3:8; 3:13

1 Samuel

2:22; 2:22; 3:2; 3:3; 3:5; 3:15; 4:5; 9:26; 26:5; 26:7; 26:7

2 Samuel

4:7; 7:12; 8:2; 11:4; 11:11; 12:3; 12:11; 12:16; 12:24; 13:5; 13:5; 13:8; 13:11; 13:14; 13:14; 13:21

1 Kings

1:2; 1:21; 1:21; 2:10; 3:19; 3:20; 3:20; 17:19; 19:5; 21:4; 21:27

2 Kings

4:11; 4:21; 4:32; 4:34; 9:16

2 Chronicles



3:12; 7:21; 11:18; 14:12; 20:11; 21:26; 30:17; 30:17; 38:37


3:6; 41:9; 57:5; 68:14; 88:6


3:24; 6:9; 6:22; 23:34


2:23; 4:11


14:8; 14:18; 43:17; 50:11; 51:20






4:4; 4:4; 4:6; 4:9; 23:8; 31:18; 32:19; 32:21; 32:27; 32:28; 32:29; 32:30; 32:32




7:5; 7:5

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7901 matches the Hebrew שָׁכַב (šāḵaḇ),
which occurs 213 times in 194 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 19:4–Deu 27:20)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:4 - Before they lay H7901 down H7901, the men of the city, the men of Sodom, surrounded the house, from young to old, all the people [fn]from every quarter;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:32 - “Come, let us make our father drink wine, and let us lie H7901 with him that we may preserve our seed through our father.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:33 - So they made their father drink wine that night, and the firstborn went in and lay H7901 with her father; and he did not know when she lay H7901 down H7901 or when she arose.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:34 - Now it happened on the following day, that the firstborn said to the younger, “Behold, I lay H7901 last night with my father; let us make him drink wine tonight also; and you go in and lie H7901 with him, that we may preserve our seed through our father.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:35 - So they made their father drink wine that night also, and the younger arose and lay H7901 with him; and he did not know when she lay H7901 down H7901 or when she arose.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:10 - And Abimelech said, “What is this you have done to us? One of the people might easily have lain H7901 with your wife, and you would have brought guilt upon us.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:11 - And he reached [fn]a certain place and spent the night there because the sun had set; and he took one of the stones of the place and put it [fn]under his head and lay H7901 down H7901 in that place.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:13 - And behold, Yahweh stood [fn]above it and said, “I am Yahweh, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac; the land on which you lie H7901, I will give it to you and to your seed.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:15 - But she said to her, “Is it a small matter for you to take my husband? And would you take my son’s mandrakes also?” So Rachel said, “Therefore he will lie H7901 with you tonight in return for your son’s mandrakes.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:16 - Then Jacob came in from the field in the evening. And Leah went out to meet him and said, “You must come in to me, for I have surely hired you with my son’s mandrakes.” So he lay H7901 with her that night.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:2 - Then Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her and took her and lay H7901 with her and violated her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:7 - Now the sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it; and the men were grieved, and they were very angry because he had done a [fn]disgraceful thing in Israel [fn]by lying H7901 with Jacob’s daughter, for such a thing ought not to be done.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:22 -

Now it happened while Israel was dwelling in that land, that Reuben went and lay H7901 with Bilhah his father’s concubine, and Israel heard of it.

And there were twelve sons of Jacob

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:7 -

And it happened after these events that his master’s wife [fn]set her eyes on Joseph and said, “Lie H7901 with me.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:10 - So it happened that as she spoke to Joseph day after day, he did not listen to her to lie H7901 beside her or be with her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:12 - Then she seized him by his garment, saying, “Lie H7901 with me!” And he left his garment in her hand and fled and went outside.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:14 - that she called to the men of her household and spoke to them, saying, “See, he has brought in a [fn]Hebrew to us to laugh at us; he came in to me to lie H7901 with me, and I [fn]screamed.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:30 - “But I will lie H7901 down H7901 with my fathers, and you will carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.” And he said, “I will do as you have said.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:16 -

“If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged and lies H7901 with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:19 -

“Whoever lies H7901 with an animal shall surely be put to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:27 - for that is his only covering; it is his cloak for his [fn]body. What else shall he sleep H7901 in? And it shall be that when he cries out to Me, I will hear him, for I am gracious.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:47 - “Likewise, whoever lies H7901 down H7901 in the house shall wash his clothes, and whoever eats in the house shall wash his clothes.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:4 - ‘Every bed on which the person with the discharge lies H7901 becomes unclean, and everything on which he sits becomes unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:18 - ‘If there is a woman with whom a man lies H7901 so that there is a seminal emission, they shall both bathe in water and be unclean until evening.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:20 - ‘Everything also on which she lies H7901 during her menstrual impurity shall be unclean, and everything on which she sits shall be unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:24 - ‘If a man actually H7901 lies H7901 with her so that her menstrual impurity is on him, he shall be unclean seven days, and every bed on which he lies H7901 shall be unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:26 - ‘Any bed on which she lies H7901 all the days of her discharge shall be to her like [fn]her bed at menstruation; and every thing on which she sits shall be unclean, like her uncleanness from her menstrual impurity.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:33 - and for the woman who is ill because of menstrual impurity, and for the one who has a discharge, whether a male or a female, or a man who lies H7901 with an unclean woman.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 18:22 - ‘And you shall not lie H7901 with a male as [fn]one lies H7901 with a female; it is an abomination.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:20 -

‘Now if a man lies H7901 sexually with a woman who is a slave assigned to another man, but who has in no way been redeemed nor given her freedom, there shall be punishment; they shall not, however, be put to death because she was not free.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:11 - ‘If there is a man who lies H7901 with his father’s wife, he has uncovered his father’s nakedness; both of them shall surely be put to death. Their bloodguiltiness is upon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:12 - ‘If there is a man who lies H7901 with his daughter-in-law, both of them shall surely be put to death; they have committed [fn]perversion. Their bloodguiltiness is upon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:13 - ‘If there is a man who lies H7901 with a male as those who lie with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination; they shall surely be put to death. Their bloodguiltiness is upon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:18 - ‘If there is a man who lies H7901 with a [fn]menstruous woman and uncovers her nakedness, he has laid bare her flow, and she has uncovered the flow of her blood; thus both of them shall be cut off from among their people.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:20 - ‘If there is a man who lies H7901 with his aunt, he has uncovered his uncle’s nakedness; they will bear their sin. They will die childless.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:6 - ‘I shall also give you peace in the land so that you may lie H7901 down H7901, with no one making you tremble. I shall also eliminate wild beasts from the land, and no sword will pass through your land.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:13 - and a man lies H7901 sexually with her, and it is hidden from the eyes of her husband, and she is [fn]undetected; but she has defiled herself, and there is no witness against her, and she has not been caught in the act,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:19 - ‘Then the priest shall have her swear an oath and shall say to the woman, “If no man has lain H7901 with you, and if you have not gone astray into [fn]defilement, being under the authority of your husband, be free from this water of bitterness that brings curses;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 23:24 -

“Behold, a people rises like a lioness,

And as a lion it lifts itself;

It will not lie H7901 down H7901 until it devours the prey,

And drinks the blood of the slain.”

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:9 -

“He [fn]crouches, he lies H7901 down H7901 as a lion,

And as a [fn]lion, who [fn]dares rouse him?

Blessed is everyone who blesses you,

And cursed is everyone who curses you.”

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:7 - “You shall teach them diligently to your sons and shall speak of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie H7901 down H7901 and when you rise up.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:19 - “And you shall teach them to your sons, speaking of them when you sit in your house and when you walk along the road and when you lie H7901 down H7901 and when you rise up.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:22 -

“If a man is found lying H7901 with a married woman, then both of them shall die, the man who lay H7901 with the woman, and the woman; thus you shall purge the evil from Israel.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:23 -

“If there is a girl who is a virgin engaged to a man, and another man finds her in the city and lies H7901 with her,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:25 -

“But if in the field the man finds the girl who is engaged, and the man forces her and lies H7901 with her, then only the man who lies H7901 with her shall die.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:28 -

“If a man finds a girl who is a virgin, who is not engaged, and seizes her and lies H7901 with her and they are found,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:29 - then the man who lay H7901 with her shall give to the girl’s father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall become his wife because he has violated her; he cannot divorce her all his days.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:12 - “Now if he is an afflicted man, you shall not sleep H7901 with his deposit.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:13 - “When the sun goes down you shall surely return the deposit to him, that he may sleep H7901 in his cloak and bless you; and it will be righteousness for you before Yahweh your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 27:20 -

‘Cursed is he who lies H7901 with his father’s wife because he has uncovered his father’s skirt.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/4 (Gen 19:4–Deu 27:20) Gen 19:4–Deu 27:20

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Deu 27:21–1Ki 14:31

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