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Lexicon :: Strong's H7931 - šāḵan

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root [apparently akin (by transmission) to שָׁכַב (H7901) through the idea of lodging]
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2387

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁכַן shâkan, shaw-kan'; a primitive root (apparently akin (by transmission) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531, H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively):—abide, continue, (cause to, make to) dwell(-er), have habitation, inhabit, lay, place, (cause to) remain, rest, set (up).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 129x

The KJV translates Strong's H7931 in the following manner: dwell (92x), abide (8x), place (7x), remain (5x), inhabit (4x), rest (3x), set (2x), continue (1x), dwellers (1x), dwelling (1x), miscellaneous (5x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 129x
The KJV translates Strong's H7931 in the following manner: dwell (92x), abide (8x), place (7x), remain (5x), inhabit (4x), rest (3x), set (2x), continue (1x), dwellers (1x), dwelling (1x), miscellaneous (5x).
  1. to settle down, abide, dwell, tabernacle, reside

    1. (Qal)

      1. to settle down to abide

      2. to abide, dwell, reside

    2. (Piel)

      1. to make settle down, establish

      2. to make or cause to dwell

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to lay, place, set, establish, settle, fix

      2. to cause to dwell or abide

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁכַן shâkan, shaw-kan'; a primitive root (apparently akin (by transmission) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531, H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively):—abide, continue, (cause to, make to) dwell(-er), have habitation, inhabit, lay, place, (cause to) remain, rest, set (up).
STRONGS H7931: Abbreviations
שָׁכַן, שָׁכֵ֑ן129 verb settle down, abide, dwell (Late Hebrew id.; Ecclus 43:17d +; Phoenician שכן Lzb375; Aramaic שְׁכֵין; Syriac bdb101404, all dwell; Arabic bdb101405 rest, dwell, compare Assyrian šakânu, set, lay, deposit, set up (a dwelling), intransitive be situated (of city), maškanu, place, dwelling-place); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Exodus 40:35 + 5 times; שָׁכֵ֑ן Deuteronomy 33:12 + 2 times, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁכֹּן Genesis 16:12 +; יִשְׁכָּןֿ Numbers 9:17 + 2 times; 3rd person masculine plural יִשְׁכֹּ֑נוּ Jeremiah 49:31; 3rd person feminine plural תִּשְׁכֹּ֑נָּה Ezekiel 17:23, etc.; Imperative masculine singular שְׁכֹן Genesis 26:2; Psalm 37:27; שְׁכָןֿ Psalm 37:3 masculine plural שִׁכְנוּ. Jeremiah 48:28; Infinitive construct בִּשְׁכֹּן (Ges§ 45 g) Genesis 35:22, לִשְׁכּוֹן 2 Chronicles 6:1, etc.; suffix שָׁכְנִי Exodus 29:46; שִׁכְנוֺ Deuteronomy 12:5 (but see Pi. 1), etc.; Participle שֹׁכֵן Genesis 14:13 +, שֹׁכְנִי (Ges§ 90 l m) Deuteronomy 33:16 + 3 times; suffix feminine singular שֹׁכַנְתְּי Jeremiah 51:13; Passive participle, apparently plural construct with art, הַשְּׁכוּנֵי Judges 8:11 (but corrupt, proper name, of a location needed, see GFM): —
1. settle down to abide:
a. of person: encamp Numbers 24:2 (E); settle permanently Psalm 102:29 [Psalm 102:28] (absolute: || יִכּוֺן); כמלך שׁ׳ Job 29:25 (|| ישׁב); settle down (to remain) Judges 5:17; תַּחְתָּיו 2 Samuel 7:10 = 1 Chronicles 17:9 (not to be removed); especially at rest, peace, in security, לבטח Jeremiah 23:6; Jeremiah 33:16; Deuteronomy 33:12, compare בין כתפים Deuteronomy 33:12; Psalm 16:9 (|| שׂמח); בטח Deuteronomy 33:28; Proverbs 1:33; (ל)בדד Numbers 23:9 (poem) Jeremiah 49:31; Micah 7:14; land of Egypt Jeremiah 46:26 (remain undisturbed), so Jeremiah 50:39; Isaiah 13:20 (|| תֵּשֵׁב, compare ישׁב 4); with accusitive מרומים Isaiah 33:16; absolute Nahum 3:18, subject אדּירים (We יָֽשְׁנוּ, Now יִשְׁכְּבוּ; || נָמוּ); Proverbs 7:11 her feet tarry not in her house.
b. of animals: כְּלָבִיא Deuteronomy 33:20; ב location Isaiah 34:11; Job 37:8; שָׁם Isaiah 13:21; birds תַּחַת שׁ׳ (under) Ezekiel 17:23, בְּצֵל שׁ׳ Ezekiel 17:23; with עַל = upon Ezekiel 31:13, = by Psalm 104:12; with accusative סֶלַע Job 39:28; absolute, of man under figure of bird, אָע֫וּפָה וְאֶשְׁכֹּ֑נָה Psalm 55:7 [Psalm 55:6].
c. things: with עַל of cloud, Job 3:5 settle down over; compare Exodus 24:16; Exodus 40:35; Numbers 9:17, Numbers 9:18, Numbers 9:22 (all P); with בְּ Numbers 10:12 (P).
2. abide, dwell:
a. of men: absolute Psalm 37:27 (לְעוֺלָם); שָׁ֫מָּה Isaiah 65:9; with ב location Psalm 69:37 [Psalm 69:36]; Job 18:15; Job 30:6; Micah 4:10; Jeremiah 48:28 + 10 times; לְחוֺף יִמִּים Genesis 49:13; with עַל, by Judges 5:17; Jeremiah 51:13; upon Psalm 37:29; על פני Genesis 16:12 (J); with עִם with Psalm 120:5, Psalm 120:6; with accusative Proverbs 2:21; Jeremiah 17:6 + 5 times; מִן ֗֗֗ עַד Genesis 25:18 (J); שֹׁכְנֵי אָ֑רֶץ Isaiah 18:3 (|| ישְׁבֵי תֵבֵל).
b. of the dead: שֹׁכְנֵי עָפָר Isaiah 26:19 (|| רְפָאִים); compare Job 26:5 (|| id.), so mortals; שֹׁכְנֵי בָתֵּי חֹמֶר Job 4:19; דוּמָה שׁ׳ Psalm 94:17 (i.e. שׁאול).
c. of God: בָּֽעֲרָפֶל שׁ׳ 1 Kings 8:12 2 Chronicles 6:1 (poem); מָרוֺם Isaiah 33:5; עַד Isaiah 57:15; מָרוֺם וְקָדוֺשׁ Isaiah 57:15; סְנֶה שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 33:16 (theoph.); בְּאָֽהֳלֵישֵֿׁם Genesis 9:27 (J, see BrMP 82; al. Japheth subject); בְּתוֺכָם Exodus 25:8; Exodus 29:46; Numbers 5:3 (all P), Ezekiel 43:9; with בְּתוֺךְ elsewhere Exodus 29:45 (P) + 6 times; ב location Psalm 85:10 [Psalm 85:9]; later בְּצִיּוֺן Joel 4:17 [Joel 3:17]; Joel 4:21 [Joel 3:21]; בְּהַר צִיּוֺן Isaiah 8:18; Psalm 68:17 [Psalm 68:16]; Psalm 68:19 [Psalm 68:18] (absolute) + 4 times; יְרוּשָׁלַםִ Psalm 135:21.
d. things: אֹהֶל מוֺעֵד, with את Leviticus 16:16 (P); שָׁם מִשְׁכַּן י׳ Joshua 22:19 (P); אוֺר Job 38:19.
e. abstract subject: מִשְׁפָּט Isaiah 32:16 (בַּמִּדְבָּר); חָכְמָה with accusative עָרְמָה Proverbs 8:12.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שִׁכֵּן Psalm 78:60; 1st person singular שִׁכַּנְתִּי Jeremiah 7:7, Jeremiah 7:12; Imperfect 1st person singular אֲשַׁכְּנָה Jeremiah 7:3; Infinitive construct שַׁכֵּן Numbers 14:30 + 7 times; suffix שַׁכְּנוֺ Deuteronomy 12:5 (so read for MT לְשִׁכְנוֺ, compare Köii. l. 21); —
1. make settle down, establish: בָּֽאָדָֽם אֹהֶל שׁ׳ Psalm 78:60 especially in Deuteronomy, לְשַׁכֵּן שְׁמוֺ שָׁם establish his name there (compare šakan šuma as Canaanism WklTelAm. 138 Rev. 20; 181. 6) Deuteronomy 12:11; Deuteronomy 14:23; Deuteronomy 16:2, Deuteronomy 16:6, Deuteronomy 16:11; Deuteronomy 26:2, compare Jeremiah 7:12; Nehemiah 1:9; + לְשִׁכְנֹו שָׁם אֶת־שְׁמֹו לָשׂוּם H7933 Deuteronomy 12:5 (read לְשַׁכְּנוֺ).
2. make to dwell: with accusative of person, ב location, Numbers 14:30 (J) Jeremiah 7:3, Jeremiah 7:7.
Hiph. Perfect 1st person singular הִשְׁכַּ֫נְתִּי Ezekiel 3:24; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular jussive יַשְׁכֵּן Psalm 7:6 [Psalm 7:5], וַיַּשְׁכֵּן Genesis 3:24; Psalm 78:55, etc.; —
a. lay, כבודי לעפר lay my honour in the dust (of death); place, set, Genesis 3:24 (J); place, establish, אהל מועד at Shilo Joshua 18:1 (P).
b. cause birds to settle, עַל Ezekiel 32:4.
2. cause to dwell, with accusative of person, ב location, Psalm 78:55; compare Job 11:14.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H7932.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:24; 3:24; 9:27; 14:13; 16:12; 16:12; 25:18; 26:2; 35:22; 49:13


24:16; 25:8; 29:45; 29:46; 29:46; 40:35; 40:35




5:3; 9:17; 9:17; 9:18; 9:22; 10:12; 14:30; 14:30; 23:9; 24:2


12:5; 12:5; 12:5; 12:11; 14:23; 16:2; 16:6; 16:11; 26:2; 33:12; 33:12; 33:12; 33:16; 33:16; 33:20; 33:28


18:1; 22:19


5:17; 5:17; 8:11

2 Samuel


1 Kings


1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

6:1; 6:1




3:5; 4:19; 11:14; 18:15; 26:5; 29:25; 30:6; 37:8; 38:19; 39:28


7:5; 16:9; 37:27; 37:27; 37:29; 55:6; 68:16; 68:18; 69:36; 78:55; 78:55; 78:60; 78:60; 85:9; 94:17; 102:28; 104:12; 120:5; 120:6; 135:21


1:33; 2:21; 7:11; 8:12


8:18; 13:20; 13:21; 18:3; 26:19; 32:16; 33:5; 33:16; 34:11; 57:15; 57:15; 65:9


7:3; 7:3; 7:7; 7:7; 7:12; 7:12; 17:6; 23:6; 33:16; 46:26; 48:28; 48:28; 49:31; 49:31; 50:39; 51:13; 51:13


3:24; 17:23; 17:23; 17:23; 31:13; 32:4; 43:9


3:17; 3:21


4:10; 7:14



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7931 matches the Hebrew שָׁכַן (šāḵan),
which occurs 129 times in 123 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 3:24–Job 26:5)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:24 - So He drove the man out; and at the east of the Garden of Eden He stationed H7931 the cherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to the tree of life.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:27 - “May God enlarge Japheth,
And may he live H7931 in the tents of Shem;
And may Canaan be [fn]his servant.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:13 - Then [fn]a survivor came and told Abram the Hebrew. Now he was residing H7931 by the [fn]oaks of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol and brother of Aner, and they were [fn]allies with Abram.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:12 - “But he will be a wild donkey of a man;
His hand will be against everyone,
And everyone’s hand will be against him;
And he will live H7931 [fn]in defiance of all his brothers.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:18 - They [fn]settled H7931 from Havilah to Shur which is [fn]east of Egypt [fn]going toward Assyria; he [fn]settled in defiance of all his relatives.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:2 - And the LORD appeared to him and said, “Do not go down to Egypt; stay H7931 in the land of which I shall tell you.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:22 - And it came about, while Israel was living H7931 in that land, that Reuben went and slept with his father’s concubine Bilhah, and Israel heard about it.
Now there were twelve sons of Jacob
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:13 - “Zebulun will reside H7931 at the seashore;
And he shall be [fn]a harbor for ships,
And his flank shall be toward Sidon.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:16 - The glory of the LORD [fn]settled H7931 on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it for six days; and on the seventh day He called to Moses from the midst of the cloud.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 25:8 - “Have them construct a sanctuary for Me, so that I may dwell H7931 among them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:45 - “And I will dwell H7931 among the sons of Israel and will be their God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:46 - “And they shall know that I am the LORD their God who brought them out of the land of Egypt, so that I might dwell H7931 among them; I am the LORD their God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 40:35 - And Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled H7931 on it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:16 - “He shall make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the impurities of the sons of Israel and because of their unlawful acts regarding all their sins; and he shall do so for the tent of meeting which remains H7931 with them in the midst of their impurities.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:3 - “You shall send away both male and female; you shall send them outside the camp so that they do not defile their camp where I dwell H7931 in their midst.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 9:17 - Whenever the cloud was lifted from over the tent, afterward the sons of Israel would set out; and in the place where the cloud settled H7931 down H7931, there the sons of Israel would camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 9:18 - At the [fn]command of the LORD the sons of Israel would set out, and at the [fn]command of the LORD they would camp; as long as the cloud settled H7931 over the tabernacle, they remained camped.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 9:22 - Whether it was two days, a month, or a year that the cloud lingered over the tabernacle, staying H7931 above it, the sons of Israel remained camped and did not set out; but when it was lifted, they did set out.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:12 - and the sons of Israel set out on their journeys from the wilderness of Sinai. Then the cloud settled H7931 in the wilderness of Paran.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:30 - ‘By no means will you come into the land where I [fn]swore to settle H7931 you, except for Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 23:9 - “For I see him from the top of the rocks,
And I look at him from the hills;
Behold, a people that lives H7931 in isolation,
And does not consider itself to be among the nations.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:2 - And Balaam raised his eyes and saw Israel [fn]camping H7931 tribe by tribe; and the Spirit of God came upon him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 35:34 - ‘So you shall not defile the land in which you live, in the midst of which I dwell H7931; for I the LORD am dwelling H7931 in the midst of the sons of Israel.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:11 - then it shall come about that the place in which the LORD your God will choose for His name to dwell H7931, there you shall bring everything that I command you: your burnt offerings and your sacrifices, your tithes and the [fn]contribution of your hand, and all your choice vowed offerings which you will vow to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:23 - “You shall eat in the presence of the LORD your God, at the place where He chooses to establish H7931 His name, the tithe of your grain, your new wine, your oil, and the firstborn of your herd and your flock, so that you may learn to fear the LORD your God always.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:2 - “You shall sacrifice the Passover to the LORD your God from the flock and the herd, in the place where the LORD chooses to establish H7931 His name.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:6 - but only at the place where the LORD your God chooses to establish H7931 His name, you shall sacrifice the Passover in the evening at sunset, at the time that you came out of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:11 - and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, your son and your daughter, and your male and female slaves, and the Levite who is in your [fn]town, and the stranger, the [fn]orphan, and the widow who are in your midst, at the place where the LORD your God chooses to establish H7931 His name.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:2 - that you shall take some of the first of all the produce of the ground which you bring in from your land that the LORD your God gives you, and you shall put it in a basket and go to the place where the LORD your God chooses to establish H7931 His name.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:12 - Of Benjamin he said,
“May the beloved of the LORD live H7931 in security beside Him
Who shields him all the day long,
And he lives H7931 between His shoulders.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:16 - And with the choice things of the earth and its fullness,
And the favor of Him who dwelt H7931 in H7931 the bush.
Let it come to the head of Joseph,
And to the top of the head of the one who was prince among his brothers.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:20 - Of Gad he said,
“Blessed is the one who enlarges Gad;
He lies H7931 down H7931 as a [fn]lion,
And tears the arm, also the crown of the head.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:28 - “So Israel lives H7931 in security,
The fountain of Jacob secluded,
In a land of grain and new wine;
His heavens also drip down dew.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:1 - Then the whole congregation of the sons of Israel assembled at Shiloh, and set H7931 up H7931 the tent of meeting there; and the land was subdued before them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:19 - ‘If, however, the land of your possession is unclean, then [fn]cross into the land of the possession of the LORD, where the LORD’S [fn]tabernacle [fn]stands H7931, and settle among us. Only do not rebel against the LORD, or rebel against us, by building an altar for yourselves besides the altar of the LORD our God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:17 - “Gilead [fn]remained H7931 across the Jordan;
And why did Dan stay on ships?
Asher sat at the seashore,
And [fn]remained H7931 by its landings.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:11 - Gideon went up by the way of those who lived H7931 in tents to the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and he [fn]attacked the camp when the camp was unsuspecting.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 7:10 - “And I will establish a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, so that they may live H7931 in H7931 their own place and not be disturbed again, nor will [fn]malicious people oppress them anymore as previously,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 6:13 - “And I will dwell H7931 among the sons of Israel, and will not abandon My people Israel.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:12 - Then Solomon said,
“The LORD has said that He would dwell H7931 in the thick darkness.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 17:9 - “And I will appoint a place for My people Israel, and will plant them there, so that they may live H7931 in H7931 their own place and not tremble with anxiety again; and the [fn]wicked will not make them waste away anymore as they did previously,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 23:25 - For David said, “The LORD God of Israel has given rest to His people, and He dwells H7931 in Jerusalem forever.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:1 - Then Solomon said,
“The LORD has said that He would dwell H7931 in H7931 the thick darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 1:9 - but if you return to Me and keep My commandments and do them, though those of you who have been scattered were in the most remote part of the heavens, I will gather them from there and bring them to the place where I have chosen to have My name dwell H7931.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:5 - “May darkness and black gloom claim it;
May a cloud settle H7931 on it;
May the blackness of the day terrify it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:19 - ‘How much more those who live H7931 in H7931 houses of clay,
Whose foundation is in the dust,
Who are crushed before the moth!
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 11:14 - If wrongdoing is in your hand, put it far away,
And do not let malice dwell H7931 in your tents;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:28 - “He has lived H7931 in H7931 desolate cities,
In houses no one would inhabit,
Which are destined to become [fn]ruins.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:15 - [fn]Nothing of his dwells H7931 in his tent;
Brimstone is scattered on his home.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 26:5 - “The [fn]departed spirits are made to tremble
Under the waters and their inhabitants H7931.

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1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 3:24–Job 26:5) Gen 3:24–Job 26:5

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Job 29:25–Jer 23:6

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