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1 Samuel 13 :: New International Version (NIV)

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Samuel Rebukes Saul

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:1 - Saul was thirty[fn] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[fn] two years.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:2 - Saul chose three thousand men from Israel; two thousand were with him at Mikmash and in the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah in Benjamin. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:3 - Jonathan attacked the Philistine outpost at Geba, and the Philistines heard about it. Then Saul had the trumpet blown throughout the land and said, “Let the Hebrews hear!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:4 - So all Israel heard the news: “Saul has attacked the Philistine outpost, and now Israel has become obnoxious to the Philistines.” And the people were summoned to join Saul at Gilgal.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:5 - The Philistines assembled to fight Israel, with three thousand[fn] chariots, six thousand charioteers, and soldiers as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They went up and camped at Mikmash, east of Beth Aven.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:6 - When the Israelites saw that their situation was critical and that their army was hard pressed, they hid in caves and thickets, among the rocks, and in pits and cisterns.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:7 - Some Hebrews even crossed the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. Saul remained at Gilgal, and all the troops with him were quaking with fear.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:8 - He waited seven days, the time set by Samuel; but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and Saul’s men began to scatter.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:9 - So he said, “Bring me the burnt offering and the fellowship offerings.” And Saul offered up the burnt offering.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:10 - Just as he finished making the offering, Samuel arrived, and Saul went out to greet him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:11 - “What have you done?” asked Samuel. Saul replied, “When I saw that the men were scattering, and that you did not come at the set time, and that the Philistines were assembling at Mikmash,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:12 - I thought, ‘Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not sought the LORD’s favor.’ So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:13 - “You have done a foolish thing,” Samuel said. “You have not kept the command the LORD your God gave you; if you had, he would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:14 - But now your kingdom will not endure; the LORD has sought out a man after his own heart and appointed him ruler of his people, because you have not kept the LORD’s command.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:15 - Then Samuel left Gilgal[fn] and went up to Gibeah in Benjamin, and Saul counted the men who were with him. They numbered about six hundred.

Israel Without Weapons

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:16 - Saul and his son Jonathan and the men with them were staying in Gibeah[fn] in Benjamin, while the Philistines camped at Mikmash.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:17 - Raiding parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. One turned toward Ophrah in the vicinity of Shual,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:18 - another toward Beth Horon, and the third toward the borderland overlooking the Valley of Zeboyim facing the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:19 - Not a blacksmith could be found in the whole land of Israel, because the Philistines had said, “Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:20 - So all Israel went down to the Philistines to have their plow points, mattocks, axes and sickles[fn] sharpened.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:21 - The price was two-thirds of a shekel[fn] for sharpening plow points and mattocks, and a third of a shekel[fn] for sharpening forks and axes and for repointing goads.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:22 - So on the day of the battle not a soldier with Saul and Jonathan had a sword or spear in his hand; only Saul and his son Jonathan had them.

Jonathan Attacks the Philistines

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:23 - Now a detachment of Philistines had gone out to the pass at Mikmash.
NIV Footnotes
A few late manuscripts of the Septuagint; Hebrew does not have thirty.
Probable reading of the original Hebrew text (see Acts 13:21); Masoretic Text does not have forty-.
Some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac; Hebrew thirty thousand
Hebrew; Septuagint Gilgal and went his way; the rest of the people went after Saul to meet the army, and they went out of Gilgal
Two Hebrew manuscripts; most Hebrew manuscripts Geba, a variant of Gibeah
Septuagint; Hebrew plow points
That is, about 1/4 ounce or about 8 grams
That is, about 1/8 ounce or about 4 grams

Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.®
Used by Permission of Biblica, Inc.® All rights reserved worldwide.

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For more information on this translation, see the NIV Preface.

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