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Exodus 12 :: New Living Translation (NLT)

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The First Passover
(Num 9:1–14; Deu 16:1–8; Eze 45:21–25 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:1 - While the Israelites were still in the land of Egypt, the LORD gave the following instructions to Moses and Aaron:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:2 - “From now on, this month will be the first month of the year for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:3 - Announce to the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each family must choose a lamb or a young goat for a sacrifice, one animal for each household.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:4 - If a family is too small to eat a whole animal, let them share with another family in the neighborhood. Divide the animal according to the size of each family and how much they can eat.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:5 - The animal you select must be a one-year-old male, either a sheep or a goat, with no defects.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:6 - “Take special care of this chosen animal until the evening of the fourteenth day of this first month. Then the whole assembly of the community of Israel must slaughter their lamb or young goat at twilight.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:7 - They are to take some of the blood and smear it on the sides and top of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the animal.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:8 - That same night they must roast the meat over a fire and eat it along with bitter salad greens and bread made without yeast.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:9 - Do not eat any of the meat raw or boiled in water. The whole animal—including the head, legs, and internal organs—must be roasted over a fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:10 - Do not leave any of it until the next morning. Burn whatever is not eaten before morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:11 - “These are your instructions for eating this meal: Be fully dressed,[fn] wear your sandals, and carry your walking stick in your hand. Eat the meal with urgency, for this is the LORD’s Passover.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:12 - On that night I will pass through the land of Egypt and strike down every firstborn son and firstborn male animal in the land of Egypt. I will execute judgment against all the gods of Egypt, for I am the LORD!
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:13 - But the blood on your doorposts will serve as a sign, marking the houses where you are staying. When I see the blood, I will pass over you. This plague of death will not touch you when I strike the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:14 - “This is a day to remember. Each year, from generation to generation, you must celebrate it as a special festival to the LORD. This is a law for all time.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:15 - For seven days the bread you eat must be made without yeast. On the first day of the festival, remove every trace of yeast from your homes. Anyone who eats bread made with yeast during the seven days of the festival will be cut off from the community of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:16 - On the first day of the festival and again on the seventh day, all the people must observe an official day for holy assembly. No work of any kind may be done on these days except in the preparation of food.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:17 - “Celebrate this Festival of Unleavened Bread, for it will remind you that I brought your forces out of the land of Egypt on this very day. This festival will be a permanent law for you; celebrate this day from generation to generation.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:18 - The bread you eat must be made without yeast from the evening of the fourteenth day of the first month until the evening of the twenty-first day of that month.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:19 - During those seven days, there must be no trace of yeast in your homes. Anyone who eats anything made with yeast during this week will be cut off from the community of Israel. These regulations apply both to the foreigners living among you and to the native-born Israelites.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:20 - During those days you must not eat anything made with yeast. Wherever you live, eat only bread made without yeast.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:21 - Then Moses called all the elders of Israel together and said to them, “Go, pick out a lamb or young goat for each of your families, and slaughter the Passover animal.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:22 - Drain the blood into a basin. Then take a bundle of hyssop branches and dip it into the blood. Brush the hyssop across the top and sides of the doorframes of your houses. And no one may go out through the door until morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:23 - For the LORD will pass through the land to strike down the Egyptians. But when he sees the blood on the top and sides of the doorframe, the LORD will pass over your home. He will not permit his death angel to enter your house and strike you down.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:24 - “Remember, these instructions are a permanent law that you and your descendants must observe forever.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:25 - When you enter the land the LORD has promised to give you, you will continue to observe this ceremony.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:26 - Then your children will ask, ‘What does this ceremony mean?’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:27 - And you will reply, ‘It is the Passover sacrifice to the LORD, for he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt. And though he struck the Egyptians, he spared our families.’” When Moses had finished speaking, all the people bowed down to the ground and worshiped.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:28 - So the people of Israel did just as the LORD had commanded through Moses and Aaron.
(Exo 11:1–10 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:29 - And that night at midnight, the LORD struck down all the firstborn sons in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sat on his throne, to the firstborn son of the prisoner in the dungeon. Even the firstborn of their livestock were killed.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:30 - Pharaoh and all his officials and all the people of Egypt woke up during the night, and loud wailing was heard throughout the land of Egypt. There was not a single house where someone had not died.
Israel’s Exodus from Egypt
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:31 - Pharaoh sent for Moses and Aaron during the night. “Get out!” he ordered. “Leave my people—and take the rest of the Israelites with you! Go and worship the LORD as you have requested.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:32 - Take your flocks and herds, as you said, and be gone. Go, but bless me as you leave.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:33 - All the Egyptians urged the people of Israel to get out of the land as quickly as possible, for they thought, “We will all die!”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:34 - The Israelites took their bread dough before yeast was added. They wrapped their kneading boards in their cloaks and carried them on their shoulders.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:35 - And the people of Israel did as Moses had instructed; they asked the Egyptians for clothing and articles of silver and gold.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:36 - The LORD caused the Egyptians to look favorably on the Israelites, and they gave the Israelites whatever they asked for. So they stripped the Egyptians of their wealth!
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:37 - That night the people of Israel left Rameses and started for Succoth. There were about 600,000 men,[fn] plus all the women and children.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:38 - A rabble of non-Israelites went with them, along with great flocks and herds of livestock.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:39 - For bread they baked flat cakes from the dough without yeast they had brought from Egypt. It was made without yeast because the people were driven out of Egypt in such a hurry that they had no time to prepare the bread or other food.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:40 - The people of Israel had lived in Egypt[fn] for 430 years.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:41 - In fact, it was on the last day of the 430th year that all the LORD’s forces left the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:42 - On this night the LORD kept his promise to bring his people out of the land of Egypt. So this night belongs to him, and it must be commemorated every year by all the Israelites, from generation to generation.
Instructions for the Passover
(Gen 17:9–14; Exo 12:1–13 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:43 - Then the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the instructions for the festival of Passover. No outsiders are allowed to eat the Passover meal.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:44 - But any slave who has been purchased may eat it if he has been circumcised.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:45 - Temporary residents and hired servants may not eat it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:46 - Each Passover lamb must be eaten in one house. Do not carry any of its meat outside, and do not break any of its bones.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:47 - The whole community of Israel must celebrate this Passover festival.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:48 - “If there are foreigners living among you who want to celebrate the LORD’s Passover, let all their males be circumcised. Only then may they celebrate the Passover with you like any native-born Israelite. But no uncircumcised male may ever eat the Passover meal.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:49 - This instruction applies to everyone, whether a native-born Israelite or a foreigner living among you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:50 - So all the people of Israel followed all the LORD’s commands to Moses and Aaron.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:51 - On that very day the LORD brought the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt like an army.
NLT Footnotes
Hebrew Bind up your loins.
Or fighting men; Hebrew reads men on foot.
Samaritan Pentateuch reads in Canaan and Egypt; Greek version reads in Egypt and Canaan.

Holy Bible, New Living Translation copyright © 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Full copyright information is provided here. Visit the New Living Translation website.

For more information on this translation, see the NLT Preface.

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