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Dictionaries :: Lay

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g5087 Greek: tithemi


"to put, place, set," frequently signifies "to lay," and is used of

(a) "laying" a corpse in a tomb, Mat 27:60; Mar 6:29; 15:47; 16:6; Luk 23:53, 55; Jhn 11:34; 19:41, 42; 20:2, 13, 15; Act 7:16; 13:29; Rev 11:9, RV, "to be laid" (AV, "to be put"); in an upper chamber, Act 9:37;

(b) "laying" the sick in a place, Mar 6:56; Luk 5:18; Act 3:2; 5:15;

(c) "laying" money at the Apostles' feet, Act 4:35, 37; 5:2;

(d) Christ's "laying" His hands upon children Mar 10:16, RV, "laying" (AV, "put"); upon John, Rev 1:17 (in the best mss.);

(e) "laying" down one's life,

(1) of Christ, Jhn 10:11, RV, "layeth down" (AV, "giveth"); Jhn 10:17, 18 (twice); 1Jo 3:16;

(2) of Peter for Christ's sake, Jhn 13:37, 38;

(3) of Christ's followers, on behalf of others, 1Jo 3:16;

(4) of anyone, for his friends, Jhn 15:13;

(f) "laying" up sayings in one's heart, Luk 1:66 (Middle Voice, in the sense of "for themselves"); in Luk 9:44, of letting Christ's words "sink" (Middle Voice, in the sense of "for oneself;" AV, "sink down") into the ears;

(g) "laying" a foundation

(1) literally, Luk 6:48; 14:29;

(2) metaphorically, of Christ in relation to an assembly, 1Cr 3:10, 11;

(h) in "laying" Christ as a "stone of stumbling" for Israel, Rom 9:33;

(i) Christ's "laying" aside His garments, Jhn 13:4;

(j) Christians, in "laying" money in store for the help of the needy, 1Cr 16:2 (lit., "let him put");

(k) "depositing" money, Luk 19:21, 22.

2 Strong's Number: g2698 Greek: katatithemi


"to lay down" (kata), is used in Mar 15:46 of the act of Joseph of Arimathaea in "laying" Christ's body in the tomb (some mss. have No. 1 here).
See DO, Note (4) SHEW.

3 Strong's Number: g906 Greek: ballo


"to cast, throw, place, put," is used in the Passive Voice signifying "to be laid," e.g., Mar 7:30; Luk 16:20; for Mat 8:14, RV, "lying" (AV, "laid") and Mat 9:2, see LIE, No. (3).

4 Strong's Number: g1911 Greek: epiballo


"to lay upon," is used of seizing men, to imprison them, Act 4:3.

5 Strong's Number: g2598 Greek: kataballo


"to cast down" (kata), is used metaphorically in Hbr 6:1, in the Middle Voice, negatively, "of laying" a foundation of certain doctrines.

6 Strong's Number: g2827 Greek: klino


"to make to bend, to bow," or "to make to lean, to rest," is used in Mat 8:20; Luk 9:58, in the Lord's statement, "the Son of man hath not where to lay His head;" it is significant that this verb is used in Jhn 19:30 of the Lord's act at the moment of His death in placing His head into a position of rest, not a helpless drooping of the head as in all other cases of crucifixion. He reversed the natural order, by first reclining His head (indicative of His submission to His Fathers will), and then "giving up His spirit." The rest He found not on earth in contrast to His creatures the foxes and birds, He found in this consummating act on the cross.
See BOW.

7 Strong's Number: g347 Greek: anaklino


"to lay down, make to recline" (in the Passive Voice, "to lie back, recline"), is used in Luk 2:7, of the act of the Virgin Mary in "laying" her Child in a manger.
See SIT.

8 Strong's Number: g659 Greek: apotithemi


"to put off from oneself" (apo, "from," and No. 1), always in the Middle Voice in the NT, is used metaphorically in Hbr 12:1 "laying aside (every weight);" in Jam 1:21, AV, "lay apart," RV, "putting away;" in Act 7:58 of "laying" down garments, after taking them off, for the purpose of stoning Stephen.

9 Strong's Number: g5294 Greek: hupotithemi


"to place under, lay down" (hupo, "under," and No. 1), is used metaphorically in Rom 16:4, of risking one's life, "laid down" (their own necks). In the Middle Voice in 1Ti 4:6 it is used of "putting" persons in mind, RV, (AV, "in remembrance").

10 Strong's Number: g2007 Greek: epitithemi


"to add to, lay upon," etc., is used of "laying" hands on the sick, for healing, Mat 9:18; 19:13, RV, "lay" (AV, "put"); 19:15; Mar 5:23; 6:5; 7:32; 8:23 RV, "laid" (AV, "put"); so in Mar 8:25; 16:18; Luk 4:40; 13:13; Act 6:6; 8:17, 19; 9:12, 17, RV, "laying" (AV, "putting"); Act 13:3; 19:6; 28:8; in some mss. in Rev 1:17, see No. 1, (d); of "laying" hands on a person by way of public recognition, 1Ti 5:22; of a shepherd's "laying" a sheep on his shoulders, Luk 15:5; of "laying" the cross on Christ's shoulders, Luk 23:26; of "laying" on stripes, Act 16:23; wood on a fire, Act 28:3; metaphorically, of "laying" burden's on men's shoulders, Mat 23:4; similarly of "giving" injunctions, Act 15:28 (cp. "put... upon" in Act 15:10).

11 Strong's Number: g394 Greek: anatithemi


"to put up or before" (ana), is used in the Middle Voice of "laying" a case before an authority, Act 25:14, RV, "laid before," for AV, "declared unto;" of "setting forth" a matter for consideration, Gal 2:2, RV, "laid before (them the Gospel)," for AV, "communicated unto."

12 Strong's Number: g4369 Greek: prostithemi


"to put to, add," is used in the Passive Voice in Act 13:36, "was laid" (unto his fathers), of the burial of David.
See ADD, No. 2.

13 Strong's Number: g1614 Greek: ekteino


"to stretch out or forth," especially of the hand is used of "laying" out anchors from a vessel, in Act 27:30, RV, "lay out" (AV, "cast... out").

14 Strong's Number: g2749 Greek: keimai


"to be laid, to lie," is used as the Passive Voice of tithemi, "to put," and is translated by some part of the verb "to be laid" in Mat 3:10; Luk 3:9, of an axe; Luk 12:19, of goods; Jhn 21:9, where the verb has been omitted from the translation, after the words "a fire of coals" (for epikeimai, of the fish, see No. 15); 1Cr 3:11, of Christ, as a foundation.


(1) In Luk 23:53, the RV has "had lain" (intransitive: see LIE), for AV, "was laid."

(2) In Luk 24:12, some mss. have the verb, with reference to the linen cloths (the clause is absent in the best mss.); the translation should be "lying," not as AV, "laid."

(3) In Jhn 11:41, the verb is not found in the best mss.

15 Strong's Number: g1945 Greek: epikeimai


"to be placed, to lie on" (epi, "upon," and No. 14), is translated by the verb "to be laid upon," in Jhn 21:9, of a fish; in 1Cr 9:16, of necessity.

16 Strong's Number: g606 Greek: apokeimai


"to be laid away, or up," is used of money in a napkin, Luk 19:20; metaphorically, of a hope, Col 1:5; the crown of righteousness, 2Ti 4:8. In Hbr 9:27, said of physical death, it is translated "it is appointed" (RV marg., "laid up").

17 Strong's Number: g2343 Greek: thesaurizo


"to lay up, store up" (akin to thesauros, "a treasury, a storehouse, a treasure"), is used of "laying" up treasures, on earth, Mat 6:19; in Heaven, Mat 6:20; in the last days, Jam 5:3, RV, "ye have laid up your treasure" (AV, "ye have heaped treasure together"); in Luk 12:21, "that layeth up treasure (for himself);" in 1Cr 16:2, of money for needy ones (here the present participle is translated "in store," lit. "treasuring" or "storing," the "laying by" translating the preceding verb tithemi, see No. 1); in 2Cr 12:14, negatively, of children for parents; metaphorically, of "laying" up wrath, Rom 2:5, "treasurest up." In 2Pe 3:7 the Passive Voice is used of the heavens and earth as "stored up" for fire, RV (marg., "stored" with fire), AV, "kept in store."

18 Strong's Number: g5136 Greek: trachelizo


"to seize and twist the neck" (from trachelos, "the throat"), was used of wrestlers, in the sense of taking by the throat. The word is found in Hbr 4:13, "laid open," RV (AV, "opened"). The literal sense of the word seems to be "with the head thrown back and the throat exposed." Various suggestions have been made as to the precise significance of the word in this passage. Some have considered that the metaphor is from the manner of treating victims about to be sacrificed. Little help, however, can be derived from these considerations. The context serves to explain the meaning and the RV rendering is satisfactory.


(1) In Act 25:7, AV, phero, "to bear, bring," is rendered "laid... (complaints)," RV, "bringing... (charges)."

(2) In Mar 7:8, AV, aphiemi, "to leave," is translated "laying aside" (RV, "ye leave").

(3) For epilambano, "to lay hold," see HOLD, No. 7.

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